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Responding to God’s truth How has the Bible’s teaching about final judgment and eternal punishment impacted your thinking and actions? (What is your personal.

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Presentation on theme: "Responding to God’s truth How has the Bible’s teaching about final judgment and eternal punishment impacted your thinking and actions? (What is your personal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Responding to God’s truth How has the Bible’s teaching about final judgment and eternal punishment impacted your thinking and actions? (What is your personal take-away from the recent studies on hell and the SOHL?) How has the Bible’s teaching about final judgment and eternal punishment impacted your thinking and actions? (What is your personal take-away from the recent studies on hell and the SOHL?)

2 We want your input! E-mail questions to bob@hhgcc.org or josh@hhgcc.org Are you interested in either: –An extended Sunday morning with a presentation /discussion by an expert in Christian bioethics, or –an 8-10 week ABF class on bioethics (study req’d), or –Both! During today’s service text your answer to: (937) 532-4103 (or use a little green card) Are you interested in either: –An extended Sunday morning with a presentation /discussion by an expert in Christian bioethics, or –an 8-10 week ABF class on bioethics (study req’d), or –Both! During today’s service text your answer to: (937) 532-4103 (or use a little green card)

3 Three channels broadcast the value of a person God’s word, God’s image, God’s ransom in Christ’s death all affirm man’s worth. Initially we studied issues SOHL poses in understanding God’s actions. Today we turn to SOHL’s implications for our own actions. God’s word, God’s image, God’s ransom in Christ’s death all affirm man’s worth. Initially we studied issues SOHL poses in understanding God’s actions. Today we turn to SOHL’s implications for our own actions.

4 When is life a Human Life? The HL in the Sanctity of Human Life (SOHL) The HL in the Sanctity of Human Life (SOHL)

5 What do we learn about human life from the following verses?

6 Then the LORD God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being. Genesis 2:7, NIV

7 Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell. Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground outside your Father’s care. And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows. Matthew 10:28-31, NIV

8 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. John 19:28-30, NIV

9 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full. “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. John 10:10,11, NIV

10 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the good news of God’s grace Acts 20:24, NIV

11 What constitutes “human” life?

12

13 A material part: the physical body. An immaterial part: the spirit. A God connection: abundant life. “Contingent Monism” (Erickson): –Man was made by God as a spiritual being housed in a body. Both together is “normal” existence for a human being. A material part: the physical body. An immaterial part: the spirit. A God connection: abundant life. “Contingent Monism” (Erickson): –Man was made by God as a spiritual being housed in a body. Both together is “normal” existence for a human being.

14 What constitutes “human” life? Implications (Erickson): –Man is to be treated as a unity of physical body and a immaterial spirit. –Diet, rest, exercise are important to a truly godly life. –No part of the human design is to be deprecated beyond another. Sin has impact all of man’s being. –The body is not inherently evil as witnessed by the Incarnation of God the Son. –Aceticism is wrongly focused, confused, and not to be praciticed. Implications (Erickson): –Man is to be treated as a unity of physical body and a immaterial spirit. –Diet, rest, exercise are important to a truly godly life. –No part of the human design is to be deprecated beyond another. Sin has impact all of man’s being. –The body is not inherently evil as witnessed by the Incarnation of God the Son. –Aceticism is wrongly focused, confused, and not to be praciticed.

15 When does human life begin? When does it end? Differing views about the starting point for human life: –Historic Jewish view: first breath. –Historic Catholic view: ‘quickening’ (first movement). –Historic Protestant view: Traduceanism (life passed on from parents by a process that generates both a new body and a new spirit). –Further research in prenatal development continues to push “the concept fo human life back to begin at conception.” Differing views about the starting point for human life: –Historic Jewish view: first breath. –Historic Catholic view: ‘quickening’ (first movement). –Historic Protestant view: Traduceanism (life passed on from parents by a process that generates both a new body and a new spirit). –Further research in prenatal development continues to push “the concept fo human life back to begin at conception.”

16 Gilbert Meilaender, Bioethics: a Primer for Christians We cannot, I think, claim that the Bible itself establishes the point at which an individual life begins, although it surely directs our attention to the value of fetal life.

17 If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman’s husband demands and the court allows. But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. Exodus 21:22-25, NIV

18 Milliard Erickson, Christian Theology Indeed, none of the passages we have examined demonstrates conclusively that the fetus is a human in God’s sight. Nevertheless, when taken as a whole, they do give us enough evidence to render that conclusion very likely. And where one is dealing with an issue as momentous as the possible destruction of a human life, prudence dictates that a conservative course be followed.

19 When does human life begin? When does it end? Implications: –“Life begins at conception” is the safest position to take. –Contraceptive techniques that prevent conception are to be preferred over those that prevent a fertilized ovum from attaching to the womb, or that end the life of an attached, fertilized ovum. Implications: –“Life begins at conception” is the safest position to take. –Contraceptive techniques that prevent conception are to be preferred over those that prevent a fertilized ovum from attaching to the womb, or that end the life of an attached, fertilized ovum.

20 When does human life begin? When does it end?

21 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. John 19:28-30, NIV

22 David VanDrunen, Bioethics and the Christian Life In my experience there are many Christians who assume that because they are “pro-life” they are obligated to extend life as along as possible.... In my judgment, fidelity to the Christian moral life means neither assume that life should always be extended as long as possible nor assuming that death can be chosen anytime that life seems burdensome.... It is important to keep in mind that there are many cases for which there are no clear- cut, black-and-white answers. We are delving into areas where Scripture has provided little explicit instruction to bind the conscience of Christians.

23 What do you think Jesus meant by: ‘Love the Lord your God... with all your mind’? “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.” Matthew 22:36-38, NIV “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.” Matthew 22:36-38, NIV

24 When does human life begin? When does it end? Criteria suggesting the end of human life (UDDA): –An individual [is classified as dead] who has sustained either: irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem, is dead. – A determination of death must be made in accordance with accepted medical standards. –However, there are many notable exceptions!!! Criteria suggesting the end of human life (UDDA): –An individual [is classified as dead] who has sustained either: irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem, is dead. – A determination of death must be made in accordance with accepted medical standards. –However, there are many notable exceptions!!!

25 When does human life begin? When does it end? Implications: –Many of us will be faced with decisions about medical procedures that may or may not offer real benefit to a loved one who is dying, or that may or may not be burdensome for that patient. –Food and water are nursing care, not medical procedures—still debated among believers! –Power of attorney for health care, not living will. Implications: –Many of us will be faced with decisions about medical procedures that may or may not offer real benefit to a loved one who is dying, or that may or may not be burdensome for that patient. –Food and water are nursing care, not medical procedures—still debated among believers! –Power of attorney for health care, not living will.

26 What makes human life worthwhile? Connection with God and his new community. –Jesus came to give life—abundant life—to those who have physical bodies and immaterial spirits. –This “abundant life” requires a ‘death.’ We must turn from the sin of being “god” of our own lives. Jesus is both Savior and Lord daily. –God connects us with his body, the Church, for mutual growth and mission, as we share his new life. Connection with God and his new community. –Jesus came to give life—abundant life—to those who have physical bodies and immaterial spirits. –This “abundant life” requires a ‘death.’ We must turn from the sin of being “god” of our own lives. Jesus is both Savior and Lord daily. –God connects us with his body, the Church, for mutual growth and mission, as we share his new life.

27 What makes human life worthwhile? Purpose from God. Come follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. Matthew 4:19 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the good news of God’s grace. Acts 20:24 Purpose from God. Come follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. Matthew 4:19 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the good news of God’s grace. Acts 20:24

28 What makes human life worthwhile? Hope of God. –While we treasure physical life as a gift from God, we accept death as a next step in God’s transformation of our whole being. Physical death is not final, and physical life is not to be preserved by all means. Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of his saints. Psalm 116:15 Hope of God. –While we treasure physical life as a gift from God, we accept death as a next step in God’s transformation of our whole being. Physical death is not final, and physical life is not to be preserved by all means. Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of his saints. Psalm 116:15

29 I eagerly expect and hope that I will in no way be ashamed, but will have sufficient courage so that now as always Christ will be exalted in my body, whether by life or by death. For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain. If I am to go on living in the body, this will mean fruitful labor for me. Yet what shall I choose? I do not know! I am torn between the two: I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far; but it is more necessary for you that I remain in the body. Convinced of this, I know that I will remain, and I will continue with all of you for your progress and joy in the faith.... Philippians 1:20-25, NIV

30 We want your input! E-mail questions to bob@hhgcc.org or josh@hhgcc.org Are you interested in either: –An extended Sunday morning with a presentation /discussion by an expert in Christian bioethics, or –an 8-10 week ABF class on bioethics (study req’d), or –Both! During today’s service text your answer to: (937) 532-4103 (or use a little green card) Are you interested in either: –An extended Sunday morning with a presentation /discussion by an expert in Christian bioethics, or –an 8-10 week ABF class on bioethics (study req’d), or –Both! During today’s service text your answer to: (937) 532-4103 (or use a little green card)


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