Presentation on theme: "Understanding Agriculture: New Directions for Education AGED 3203."— Presentation transcript:
Understanding Agriculture: New Directions for Education AGED 3203
Factoids 1917 - 1/3 of population lived on a farm 1986 - 2.2 million lived on farms < 5% of high school students enroll in ag ed 75% of Ag Ed students are in FFA Over half of all ag teachers teach alone 35% of all programs are in 13 southern states Ag Ed attracts few minorities Enrollment peaked in 70’s
Factoids 85% of all black farmers live in south Female enrollment varies from school to school. Many rural school districts to not offer ag ed.
Selected Sections Some teachers are unduly driven by a desire to help students excel in production-oriented programs and place less emphasis on classroom instruction. In some communities the high school program is known as the FFA program and the teacher as the FFA teacher. The principal focus of class time is on preparing students to compete in traditional, production oriented FFA contests.
Selected Sections Program content has failed to keep up w/ modern agriculture, the program is much like it was when the Voc Ed Act of 1963 was passed. 1986 - 41% of ag ed programs were characterized as production. Current programs that have changed little, prepare students for a rather limited and generally shrinking part of the job market.
Selected Sections Good programs attract a cross section of the student body. Ag Ed programs are costly, but not the most expensive. Because the FFA influences Ag Ed so greatly, some changes within the FFA is needed. The curriculum should drive the youth organization, not the reverse.
Selected Sections High quality programs = extensive contact between teacher and student and a diversity of rewarding SAE opportunities. Good programs are expensive, poor programs tend to cost nearly as much or more on a per student basis. Some communities continue to support weak programs because of long standing commitments.
Selected Sections Many successful ag ed programs have dropped the word “vocational”. High quality SAEs=involved teachers, planned experiences, adequate resources, and student placement. The emphasis of SAE should be on learning with an appreciation for earning.
Recommendations Major revisions are needed within vo-ag. The quality of vocational agriculture programs must be enhanced, in some cases substantially. Establish specialized magnet high schools for the agricultural sciences in major urban and suburban areas. Teachers should seek out and share high-quality computer software and instructional methods.
Recommendations As a goal, all students enrolled in agricultural education programs should participate in worthwhile SAEs. The FFA should change its name and revise its symbols, rituals, contests, awards, and requirements for membership to reflect a more contemporary image of agriculture.
Recommendations Teachers should seek out and share high- quality computer software and instructional methods. As a goal, all students enrolled in agricultural education programs should participate in worthwhile SAEs. Each program needs an active advisory council.
Recommendations A broad range of SAEs should be encouraged. Summer SAEs should be encouraged. Encourage students to enroll who will not take 4 years of ag ed.