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Where Principles Come First 品德至上 Unit3. Phrases and expressions See…as consider sb. Or sth. To be 认为。。。 是 Be scheduled to do be arranged to do 被安排,定 于.

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Presentation on theme: "Where Principles Come First 品德至上 Unit3. Phrases and expressions See…as consider sb. Or sth. To be 认为。。。 是 Be scheduled to do be arranged to do 被安排,定 于."— Presentation transcript:

1 Where Principles Come First 品德至上 Unit3

2 Phrases and expressions See…as consider sb. Or sth. To be 认为。。。 是 Be scheduled to do be arranged to do 被安排,定 于 Over one’s protest in spite of one’s protest 不顾 某人的抗议 Put forth show; bring sth. Such as strength into action 使出;发挥 Complete with including; supplied with 包括; 具有 Do one’s utmost try as hard as one can 竭尽全 力 Work out find a way of doing sth 制订;找 到 At the outset at the beginning 开始 Kind of slightly; to some extent 有点儿; 有几分

3 Rewrite each of the setences using the expressions his girlfriend’s father thought he was a man who could not make a living. (see….as) his girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make a living the course was canceled although this was against the student’will. (over one’s protest) the course was canceled over the student’protest.

4 the problem is so difficult that we cannot find a solution to it without the help of our teachter.(work out) the problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacter. children tend to try as hard as possible when they know their parents are making similar efforts. (do/try one’s utmost) children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts

5 Now let’s examine the text structure of Reading Passage A in a way of questions and answers. The essay is made up of 4 parts with each part answering one question.

6 Part 1(1--2): When we come up to the article, we read the title -Where Principles Come First. This naturally brings us the question: What are the principles? Part 1 is made up of 2 paragraphs: Paragraph 1 and Paragraph 2 telling us the principles of the Hyde School.

7 Question 1 ( ) : What are the principles? Question 2 ( ) : Are the Hyde principles accepted by other schools?

8 Answer 1 The principles of the Hyde School: ( paragraph1--2 ) 1 : Teach students the merit (美德) of such values as truth, courage, integrity (正直) … and academic achievement naturally follows; 2 : the school has received considerable publicity (关注) for its work with troubled youngsters.

9 The principles of the Hyde School: 3 : And the school advocates that they prepare kids for a way of life by cultivating (培养) a comprehensive (全面的) set of principles that can affect all kids.

10 Part 2(3--11): Since the principles of the Hyde School are somewhat different from other schools, the readers would wonder whether the principles are accepted by other schools. When we read on, we find the author tries to answer the question in Paragraphs 3 to 11.

11 . Failure in spreading the Hyde principles: The first Hyde public school program opened in September 1992, which was suspended ( 中止) within months.

12 The reasons of failure Teachers protested (抗议) program’s demands and the strain( 负 担 ) associated with more intense work( 高强度的工作 ).

13 The Hyde Foundation opened another program in a public high school in the suburbs (郊区) of New Haven, Connecticut. At the school the quest for truth is also widespread( 推广 ). Students were asked to exchange their evaluations (评价) on their class performance. The Hyde School principles being appreciated (Paras. 4-11)

14 Answer2 ( paragraph3 ) the efforts to make the Character First ( 品德第一) idea accepted by public schools

15 A General Statement Supported by an Example The text is a report about the Hyde School,telling us the priciples advocated by the school,how the priciples are accepted or rejected by other schools and students. One of the writing techniques used by the writer is a general statement suppored by an example.Now have a look at paragraphs 5 to 11.

16 Para.5-11 As in Maine the quest for truth is also widespread at the school in Connecticut. In one English class, the 11 students spend the last five minutes in an energetic exchange evaluating their class performance for the day on a 1-10 scale. "I get a 10." "I challenge that. You didn't do either your grammar or your spelling homework." "OK, a seven." "You ought to get a six." "Wait, I put my best effort forth here." "Yeah, but you didn't ask questions today."

17 . General statement: the quest for truth is also widespread at the school in Connectiuct Example: In what class:In one English class How many students:11 students How much time:five minutes What to do:an energetic exchange evaluating their class performance for the day on a 1-10 scale.

18 Translate the following sentences into English. 教师一旦同意接受新的教学计划,他们就 得面对新计划所带给他们的压力。 (Use”once”as a conjunction with the meaning “from the moment that”.) Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they have to face the strain it puts on them.

19 从长远看,大学毕业后继续深造而不是直接参加工作是 值得的。 (in the long run,worthwhile) In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly. 由于这所学校的办学宗旨是品德第一,所以道德观和学 习成绩受到同样的重视。( operate on ) As the school operate on the Character First principle, moral values and academic achievements are stressed equally.

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24 Part 3(12--16): Since the Hyde School principles have been rejected as well as appreciated, we would be wondering what the detailed principles or approaches are for the Hyde School This brings in for us Part 3

25 The Hyde School’s approaches to education Answer 3

26 Para. 12 The school assumes: 1. Every human being has a unique potential (潜能) based on character, not intelligence or wealth. 2. Conscience (良知) and hard work are valued. 3. Success is measured by growth, not academic achievement. 4. Students are required to take responsibility for each other.

27 Para. 13 Courses and management: 1. The school provides preparation for college, with a curriculum (课程) complete with English, history, math and science. 2. All students are required to take performing arts and sports, and to provide a community service. 3. For each course, students get a grade for academic achievement and for “best effort”.

28 Para 14 :A key ingredient (组成 部分) in the Hyde mixture( 综合教育 ) is requiring commitment and participation from parents. Para 15 :Some public school parents find it difficult for them to participate. Para 16 : Once the parents are convinced, Hyde’s requirement of parents’ participation should work well in public schools.

29 Part 4(17--19) Now that we are clear about the Hyde School’s principles, the acceptability of the principles to public schools and what the school’s detailed principles are, we would naturally ask the question: Are these principles good or beneficial to the teachers as well as the students?

30 Beneficial results for the teachers as well as the students: Answer 4

31 Beneficial results for the teachers (paragraph 17) : 1. We really begin to focus on having a fruitful (富有成效的) relationship with each student, but not teacher to the material and then to the student. 2. The teacher-student relationship is taken even further at Hyde: Faculty (全体教员) evaluations are conducted by the students.

32 Beneficial results for the students (paragraphs 18 to 19) One example: Jimmy Di Battista, 19, who had seen his future as jail( 监狱 ), not college, had been turned to the positive attitude. Now he plans to attend a university.

33 从长远看,大学毕业后继续深造而不是直接参加 工作是值得的。 (in the long run,worthwhile) In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly. 由于这所学校的办学宗旨是品德第一,所以道德 观和学习成绩受到同样的重视。( operate on ) As the school operate on the Character First principle, moral values and academic achievements are stressed equally.

34 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. As in France, during the 1960s in the United States there was a cultural revolution. 跟在法国一样,美国在 20 世纪 60 年代也发生过 文化革命。 Once he made up his mind to do something, there was no stopping him. 他一旦下定决心去干一件事,就根本拦不住他。

35 The school stresses the idea that it is worthwhile for parents to participate in school activities together with their children. 学校强调的观点是:家长和孩子一起参加学校的活动是值 得的。 At the end of the class, the teacher asked her students to spend the last five minutes in an energetic exchange evaluating their class performance for the day on a 1-10 scale. 快下课时,老师让学生用最后五分钟来展开激烈的讨论, 依照 1-10 的评分标准相互评价他们当天的课堂表现。

36 A General Statement Supported by an Example The text is a report about the Hyde School,telling us the priciples advocated by the school,how the priciples are accepted or rejected by other schools and students. One of the writing techniques used by the writer is a general statement suppored by an example.Now have a look at paragraphs 5 to 11.

37 Para.5-11 As in Maine the quest for truth is also widespread at the school in Connecticut. In one English class, the 11 students spend the last five minutes in an energetic exchange evaluating their class performance for the day on a 1-10 scale. "I get a 10." "I challenge that. You didn't do either your grammar or your spelling homework." "OK, a seven." "You ought to get a six." "Wait, I put my best effort forth here." "Yeah, but you didn't ask questions today."

38 General statement: the quest for truth is also widespread at the school in Connectiuct. Example: In what class:In one English class How many students:11 students How much time:five minutes What to do:an energetic exchange evaluating their class performance for the day on a 1-10 scale.

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40 Question 3 ( ) : What are the detailed principles or approaches advocated by the Hyde School? Question 4 ( ) : What are the beneficial results of the Hyde School’s principles?

41 Phrases and expressions See…as consider sb. Or sth. To be 认为。。。 是 Be scheduled to do be arranged to do 被安排,定 于 Over one’s protest in spite of one’s protest 不顾 某人的抗议 Put forth show; bring sth. Such as strength into action 使出;发挥 Complete with including; supplied with 包括; 具有 Do one’s utmost try as hard as one can 竭尽全 力 Work out find a way of doing sth 制订;找 到 At the outset at the beginning 开始 Kind of slightly; to some extent 有点儿; 有几分

42 Rewrite each of the setences using the expressions his girlfriend’s father thought he was a man who could not make a living. (see….as) his girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make a living the course was canceled although this was against the student’will. (over one’s protest) the course was canceled over the student’protest.

43 the problem is so difficult that we cannot find a solution to it without the help of our teacter.(work out) the problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacter. children tend to try as hard as possible when they know their parents are making similar efforts. (do/try one’s utmost) children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts

44 children tend to try as hard as possible when they know their parents are making similar efforts. (do/try one’s utmost) children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts. the new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the beginning. (at the outset) the new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the outset.


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