Presentation on theme: "Characteristics of Effective Learning Andrea Sully, Justine Greenwood and Cathy Packwood (Lead Teachers)"— Presentation transcript:
Characteristics of Effective Learning Andrea Sully, Justine Greenwood and Cathy Packwood (Lead Teachers)
aims for the day To familiarise ourselves with the Characteristics of Effective Learning To have more confidence in understanding how to develop the CofEL in our own settings, than when we arrived To plan how to share our learning today with others
How do children learn?
How do you think we learn? Group Activity
Six human needs in order to be able to learn Certainty Variety Significance Connection and love We must grow Contribute beyond ourselves Needs of the personalityNeeds of the spirit
What do children need beyond having their physical needs satisfied? Agency: influence over what they do and some choices Belonging: being cared for, part of a community Competence: the feeling of being successful
Even if a learner is personally motivated to learn a topic, if the learning content itself isn't motivating, the learner's brain will do everything possible to look for something more interesting. This applies to both getting and keeping attention, as well as memory. Remember, you can't do anything until you get past the brain's ‘is this worthwhile’ filter! And to the brain, a dry, dull explanation is definitely not very worthy of attention (regardless of how much your mind cares about the topic or content). Motivation and the brain
Children are sophisticated thinkers... Privileged Domains Physical concepts Biological causality Early number concepts Early attention to Language
through their pre-occupation or schemes of thought which are seen most often in their self-chosen play in their questions (both verbal and non- verbal) which are based on their search for explanations in their talk while they are ‘doing’ - pole bridging They show us their thinking....
The Children we Teach - Susan Isaacs 1932 the love of bodily movement and perfecting bodily skills the interest in actual things and events, the discovery of the world without the delight in make believe and the expression of the world within
Playing and Exploring - Engagement Finding out and exploring Playing with what they know Being willing to ‘have a go’ What might it look like?
Active Learning - Motivation Being involved and concentrating Keeping on trying Enjoying achieving what they set out to do What might it look like?
Dweck’s theory of growth and fixed mindset You’re very clever... You’ve worked very hard on that...
What can you say about my picture?
Creating and Thinking Critically - thinking Having their own ideas Making links Choosing ways to do things What might it look like?
Young children are highly complex thinkers, and they need to be equipped, and challenged, to play and to think as well as to know. No-one can teach effectively without professional knowledge about how children’s thinking and knowing develops...Knowing about schemas enables professional educators to extend their own thinking and further refine and develop their practice.’ Cathy Nutbrown, 1994
Named schemas dynamic vertical dynamic back and forth / side to side dynamic circular going over and under enveloping and containing space transporting going through a boundary going round a boundary
What are schemas? Patterns pervade children’s play, their thinking and their language These patterns are described as ‘forms of thought’ (schemas) These ‘forms of thought’ can be nourished with worthwhile ‘content’ The ‘content’ of a schema relates to the resources and experiences we offer
Trajectory; vertical / horizontal / diagonal - a child may drop things from their cot, make arcs in their food, play with running water, climb up and down and jump off furniture, line up toys, build tall structures and knock them down, throw
Transporting - a child may carry all the bricks from one place to another in a bag, the sand from the tray to the home corner in a bucket, push a friend around in a pram
Containing / enclosure - a child may put their thumb in and out their mouth, fill up and empty containers of all kinds, climb into large boxes, sit inside tunnels, build enclosures with bricks, make dens
Positioning - a child may put things on their head, place things side by side, prefer their custard next to their pudding not over it, lie on the floor or under the table, walk around the edge of the sandpit.
And some more examples of schematic play... Enveloping - a child may cover themselves with their flannel when washing, wrap dolls up in blankets, sit in the same tray and cover their legs with sand, cover their whole painting with one colour, wrap toys up in sticky tape Rotation - a child may be fascinated by the spinning washing machine, love anything with wheels, roll down a hill, enjoy spinning around Connection - a child may distribute and collect objects to and from a practitioner, spend time joining the train trucks together, stick the masking tape from the table to the chair, like puzzles Transforming - a child may add juice to their mashed potato, or sand to the water tray, enjoy adding colour to cornflour or dough, enjoy toys that change shape
Concepts Verbs Nouns similiaridenticaldifferent remembercommentquestion teamimaginationmystery create Tool Words
Drawing my thinking
Rich Tasks Is the task worth doing? Is it interesting enough to talk about? Will it develop and draw out the Characteristics of Effective Learning? Will it provoke questions (verbal or non- verbal) from the children?
And at the end of the day... The practitioner is smiling......and the children are, quite rightly, more tired because they have worked harder.
Reflect and plan what could be developed further in our practice? who needs to know and help you in your setting? how can it be achieved? when? how can we help you further?