Presentation on theme: "PREPARING DRIVERS FOR CDL SKILL TESTING INSERVICE 2008-2009."— Presentation transcript:
PREPARING DRIVERS FOR CDL SKILL TESTING INSERVICE
CDL Guide Use the most current CDL guide Access online at dol.gov Call DOL at to order guides. Allow a couple weeks for delivery.
Slide #3 Front of vehicle Clearance lights (Red in back, Amber everywhere else) School Bus lights (flashing amber lights, flashing red lights, stop paddle lights) 4 way hazard lights Left and Right turn signals Head lights (low-beams, high-beams) Reflectors (Amber in front, Red in rear, not broken or damaged) Reflective tape (not peeling, damaged or frayed) Rear of vehicle Clearance lights (Red in back, Amber everywhere else) School Bus lights (flashing amber lights, flashing red lights, stop paddle lights) 4 way hazard lights Left and right turn signals Tail lights Brake lights Back up lights (while holding down brake pedal) Air Leak Check—Engine Off Apply service brake and release the parking brake Let the air gauge stabilize and hold for one full minute. Check air gauge to see that pressure does not drop more than 3 psi in 1 minute (single vehicle) NOTE: You must tell tester what the leakage rate is or you will be immediately disqualified. Low Air Warning Check—without restarting engine Turn ignition key to “on” or “battery charge” position. Begin fanning off the air pressure by pumping the foot brake. Low air warning devices (buzzer, light, wig-wag) should activate at 60 psi or above. NOTE: You must tell the tester that the low air warning must activate at 60 psi or above, or you will be immediately disqualified. Also tell tester when the low air warning device activated on your vehicle. Parking Brake Check Continue fanning down the air pressure. The parking brake valve should apply/pop out when air pressure drops to psi. NOTE: You must tell the tester that the parking brake must activate when pressure drops to psi or you will be immediately disqualified. Tell the tester the psi your parking brake actually applies during check to verify it’s within the range. Air Governor Cut-Out Check With the engine running, build the air pressure to the governed cutout of psi Tell the tester when the air governor cutout activates. NOTE: You must tell the tester that the air governor cutout should activate when pressure builds to psi or you will be immediately disqualified. H-1 Example
CDL Pre-trip: Sections 2 & 11 Concentrate on correct verbiage and key words Use organized sequence No official order DOL has recommended sequence If trainers and testers use same method – student will be prepared
DOL Recommended Sequence 1. Lights and reflectors 2. Air supply system 3. Brake checks 4. Engine start/in cab inspection 5. Interior/school bus items 6. Engine compartment
7. Exterior walk around (begin in front) 8. Left side 9. Front axle 10. Front suspension 11. Under the vehicle DOL Sequence Continued
12. Under the vehicle 13. Rear axle 14. Rear suspension 15. Brakes 16. Other side of vehicle – if there is anything different not yet covered DOL Sequence Continued
Study Methods for the Pre-trip 3 x 5 cards Steering Box Front Suspension Driver Area, Fuel Area, Under Bus Driver Area, Fuel Area, Under Bus
Bus in shop – on rack & utilize knowledge of mechanics Provide visual aids, i.e. parts, pictures Pre-trip Study Methods cont.
Acronyms: “SMUSA” Spring/Mounts/hangers/U- bolts/Shock absorbers/Airbag Word Association: - Slack Adjustor = Trousers/Pants Pre-trip Study Methods cont.
Self-practice on bus in lot Pair up trainees to test each other Self test on the computer Type, review, re-type mistakes Pre-trip Study Methods cont.
The Skill Test Communicate with your TPT Discuss testing expectations H-3 Available TPT’s in your area Prompting of sections is not required Cone layout and backing section
H-4 Examples of Cone Layout EXAMPLE 1EXAMPLE 2 70 ft
Skills Testing Instructions Point to items, define them, and explain what defects may be present Inspect only one side of the bus, unless the other side is different Inspect a front axle and a rear axle Ask questions before test the begins Tester will assist checking the lights
Common Pre-trip Disqualifications Seatbelt – not fastened/worn every time the bus is in motion Not knowing key words/defects Not giving tester enough defects for items inspected
Air Brake Checks – Not releasing spring brake prior to timing the air leakage Incorrect or no PSI range given Key not turned on for warning buzzer Not noting actual PSI during test PULL TO APPLY SPRING BRAKE Pre-trip Disqualifications, cont.
Anything unsafe requiring TPT instructions Vehicle over curb Violation of Law Improper mirror use (per CDL guide) Common Road Test Disq.’s
Improper traffic checks Stopping over line/crosswalk Palming steering wheel, etc. Braking (smooth, complete stops) Road Test Disq.’s cont.
Failure to attempt positioning within the 2 ft. cones Must honk and re-check mirrors each time the bus stops Any part of bus over the cones Too many errors (lack of practice) Common Basic Control Disq’s
New Stuff Recent changes (January ‘08 ) affected Third Party Testers. Information for Drivers/Trainers regarding a training certificate will come later this year. OSPI will let districts know when the information is available from DOL
Review Be Knowledgeable and prepared Communicate with your TPT Use study methods that will help drivers learn Pre-trip material Review the common mistakes
Driver CDL Preparation Be Prepared Be Successful