Presentation on theme: "Pre-Drive Tasks Check around the outside of vehicle for:"— Presentation transcript:
0 Intro To the Driving Task Driver Responsibilities:Preparing to Operate a VehicleTopic 1 Driver Preparation ProceduresTopic 2 Identifying Vehicle Control DevicesTopic 3 Operating Vehicle Control DevicesTopic 4 Vehicle Balance ConsiderationsTopic 5 Standard Vehicle Reference Points
1 Pre-Drive Tasks Check around the outside of vehicle for: broken glass (windows, lights)body damagecondition of tiresfluid leaksdirection front tires are turnedwhich way will vehicle move when placed in gear?debris on the ground that could interfere with movement.Check for small children or pets near vehicle.
2 Pre-Drive Tasks Store valuables in trunk of vehicle books and book bags have less chance of slipping off seatsthe vehicle is a classroom with no room forfood, candy, and sodashomework and inattention in the rearWhen parked at the curbapproach from front of carincrease awareness of oncoming trafficapproach driver’s door with key in hand
3 Pre-Drive Tasks When parked in parking lot Unlock doors approach from rear of carincrease awareness of persons and objects in areadriver’s door with key in handUnlock doorsCheck traffic flowEnter the vehicle
4 Under the Hood Checks020501. Engine Coolant Reservoir02. Windshield WasherFluid Reservoir03. Engine Oil Filler Cap04. Transaxle/TransmissionFluid Dipstick (Automatic)05. Engine Oil Dipstick06. Brake Fluid Reservoir07. Clutch Fluid Reservoir(when equipped)08. Battery09. Power Steering FluidReservoir10. Accessory Drive Belts11. Air Filter Assembly03 04060107100908111999 Ford F-150 Engine Compartment
5 Driver Readiness Tasks SecurityCheck passengers for safe entryLock doorsPlace key in appropriate locationSeating PositionAdjust for driver foot pedal and dead pedal positionAdjust for driver steering wheel reach and hand positionAdjust for driver visual needs
6 Driver Readiness Tasks RestraintsSafety belt adjustment and appropriate air bag positionHead restraint position (rear and side protection)MirrorsRear view mirror settings (200 feet to rear)Side view mirror settings (15 degrees out will gain side views)may be adjusted to view sides rather than rear viewrear view needed when inside mirror view is blocked to rear
7 Starting Tasks Check and set parking brake Place foot on service brake Clutch required for standard shift transaxle/transmissionPlace key in ignition and unlockPlace gear selector in park (P) or neutral (N)Automatic Transaxle/Transmission starts in (P)ark or (N)eutral(N)eutral recommended for standard transaxle/transmission
8 Starting Tasks Check for choke/fuel injection needs does vehicle need choke (carburetor) to start?fuel injection (DO NOT PUSH ON ACCELERATOR BEFORE START)Turn ignition to “on” for alert/warning lightsairbag, seat belts, ABS, traction alerts, etc.Turn ignition to “start”Check alert lights and gaugesare all systems functioning and ready to use?Set needed accessoriesheating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), wipers, lights, etc.
9 Securing Tasks Stop within a legal, secure parking space parked within appropriate distances of fire hydrant, intersection, RR crossing, legal parking zone, etc.keep foot on service brakeSet parking brakerecommended in most new vehicle owner’s manualsprotects transaxle and constant velocity jointsPlace gear selector in (P)ark.place in recommended gear for standard shift transaxle or transmissionTurn off any vehicle accessoriesare all systems functioning and ready to use for next time?
10 Securing Tasks Turn ignition switch to “off” the engine should shut off at this time with all accessories offLock ignition switch and remove keyrequired to remove the key in most vehiclesRemove occupant restraintsSome shoulder restraints operate when the door is openedCheck traffic and exit vehiclecheck traffic flow to rear prior to opening the doorrear child safety door locks may need to be opened from the driver’s doorSecure doors and windowsprotects valuables and unauthorized entry by others
11 Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls K.L.M.N.O.P.Q.R.S.T.A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.T-2.11
12 Alert/Warning Symbols and Controls U.V.W.X.Y.Z.AA.BB.CC.DD.EE.FF.GG.HH.II.JJ.KK.LL.MM.NN.T-2.12
13 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Left Control Panel01. Headlamp control02. Fuse panel03. Instrument panel dimmer switch04. Side ventFunctional Levers05. Headlight high/low beam switch06. Windshield wiper/washer control07. Turn signal switch08. Speed/Cruise control09. Parking brake releasePassive Restraint10. Driver air bag (SRS)1999 Ford F150 Pickup Control PanelT-2.13
14 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Left Instrument Cluster11. Cruise control on/off12. Safety belt alert light13. Fuel level indicator14. Antilock brakes alert light15. Brake warning light16. Left turn indicator light17. Air bag alert light18. Battery warning light19. Engine temperature1999 Ford F150 Pickup Control PanelT-2.14
15 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Center Instrument Cluster20. High beam indicator21. SpeedometerMiles per hourKilometers per hour22. Mileage odometer23. Trip mileage odometer24. Gear selection indicator(P)ark, (R)everse,(N)eutral, (D)rive,(2)nd gear, (1)st gear25. Trip mileage reset1999 Ford F150 Pickup Control PanelT-2.15
16 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Right Instrument Cluster26. Oil pressure gauge27. Right turn indicator light28. Door ajar29. Battery voltage gauge30. Theft/Security system31. Speed control light32. Overdrive off33. Resume cruise speed34. Set/Adjust cruise speed35. Coast/Reduce cruise speed36. Cigarette/Cigar lighter37. Horn control1999 Ford F150 Pickup Control PanelT-2.16
17 Control, Information, Comfort, and Safety Devices Auxiliary Panel Controls38. Center air vent controls39. Sound system controls40. Auxiliary power port41. Passenger air bag cut offswitch42. HVAC fan speed control43. HVAC temperaturecontrol44. HVAC air flow control1999 Ford F150 Pickup Control PanelT-2.17
18 Operating Vehicle Control Devices Maintain Steering Position and ControlAdjusting information devicesAdjusting comfort devicesAdjusting control devicesMove Steering Wheel Toward Path of TravelMoving forwardMoving backwardAdjust Wheel Height/AngleAirbag deploymentHand positionWheel movement
19 Operating Vehicle Control Devices Accelerator Pedal UseUsed to stabilize, increase, and decrease speedThe driver cancover accelerator, progressive acceleration, thrust acceleration, lift-off acceleratorBrake Pedal UseUsed to stabilize, decrease, and increase speedcover brake, trail brake, controlled squeeze braking, threshold brake, lock brake, ABS, jab (stab) brake, lift-off brake
20 Operating Vehicle Control Devices Gear Selector Lever UseTransaxle or Transmission type(O)verdrive and (D)rive gear useLocation of Parking Brake and UseTexas Traffic Law requires use when leaving vehicleOwner’s manual requests use before placing into (P)arkCruise / Speed ControlPurpose of cruise controlDanger of cruise controlIgnition SwitchLocationFunction
21 Safety, Communication, and Convenience Devices MirrorsRear view adjustmentsSide view adjustmentsSafety BeltsAdjusting for maximum effectivenessHead RestraintsProtecting against whiplashHornLocationAppropriate use
22 Safety, Communication, and Convenience Devices Turn SignalsLocation and appropriate use prior to maneuverLane change deviceDoor LocksManual / Power devicesChild proof rearHazard FlashersLocation and useWindshield Wipers & WashersHeadlights / Running Lights
23 Safety, Communication, and Convenience Devices Hood ReleaseLocation and useTrunk ReleaseFuel Door ReleaseLocation and alternate opening deviceHeat, Ventilation, and Air Conditioner (HVAC) ControlsFan, temperature, and ventilation locationDefroster/Defogger operates air conditioning systemSeat AdjustmentPower / Manual controls
24 Controlling Vehicle Balance Specific amount of weight or down force on each tire patchBest balance is at rest with no movementBased on weight, suspension, and tire pressureVehicle movementCreates changes to the vehicle balanceDue to suspension and pressure changesVehicle Balance Technical TermsRoll: vehicle moves from side to sidePitch: vehicle moves forward or backwardYaw: vehicle moves left or right
25 Controlling Vehicle Balance Maintaining Vehicle BalanceSteering Wheel BalanceSmaller steering wheelRack and pinion steeringChanges In Steering Ratios and MechanismLess steering needed for wheel responseAmount of steering from left lock to right lockPrior to 1980 (4-5 turns), after 1980 (2-3 turns)Precise Steering, Braking and Accelerator Input NeededLess steering movementsSqueeze brakeSmooth acceleration and deceleration
26 Controlling Vehicle Balance SeatingDriver position behind the wheelSafety belt and dead pedal useDriver must be balanced to recognize vehicle balanceChanging Vehicle Balance Side to Side (Roll)Sudden Steering Wheel MovementsAffect the amount of side to side movementsDriver feels vehicle tilt to right or leftSudden Brake Application And Steering CombinationsAffects the amount of side to side movementsDriver feels movement tilt to the right or left corner of vehicle
27 VEHICLE CONTROL Changing Vehicle Balance Front to Rear (Pitch) Releasing brakeCovering acceleratorLight accelerator pressureProgressive accelerator pressureThrust accelerator pressureChanging Vehicle Balance Rear to Front (Pitch)Differences between vehiclesDriver position for best brake pedal controlReleasing the acceleratorCovering the brakeControlled brake (Squeeze on)Threshold brakeTrail braking (Squeeze off)
28 Balance Change During Sudden Braking and Excessive Steering VEHICLE CONTROLRearLiftsFrontDropsBalance Change During Sudden Braking and Excessive Steering
29 VEHICLE CONTROL Changing Vehicle Balance Left to Right (Yaw) Sudden brakeSudden or excessive accelerationSudden or excessive steeringRoad tilted to rightTraction loss to right rearChanging Vehicle Balance Right to Left (Yaw)Road tilted to leftTraction loss to left rear
30 Changes to Right Front Tire Patch and Pressure VEHICLE CONTROLChanges to Right Front Tire Patch and PressureCross section of rim and tireTire with low pressureExcessive speed and steeringinto the turnTIRE PATCH CHANGES AND RIM MAY TOUCH OR DIG INTO THE ROAD SURFACE
31 VEHICLE CONTROL Steering Wheel Control Hand position on steering wheel Holding top of Wheel (Poor balance & Air bag threat !!!)On upper half of wheel (Less balance & Air bag threat !!!)On lower half of wheel (Better balance with smaller wheel)Steering techniquesHand to Hand steering (recommended for air bag equipped))Hand over Hand steering (very low speed maneuvers)Limited evasive steering (ABS limitation to steering input)One hand steering (8 or 9 wheel position recommended)Side (8,9) or (3,4) to reach controlsTop (12) when backing straight (limited air bag threat)Bottom (5,6,7) when backing trailer device
32 Targeting and Visual Requirements Targeting is visual functionDirected use of focus visionMaintaining an open line of sightFrom target to front of vehicleUse of fringe vision (central vision)Targeted path of travelDetermines projected path of vehicle travelReferencing vehicle to roadway positionUsing standard referencesVehicle placement within laneVehicle placement to front and rearVehicle placement to the side
33 Determining Vehicle Operating Space Placing markers at edge of sightlinesDrawing the central space area for true vehicle blind spotMark the tire patches prior to moving vehicle
34 Traditional Mirror Views and Blind Spots RIGHT BLIND SPOTRIGHT SIDE VIEWREARMIRRORVIEWLEFT SIDE VIEWTRADITIONAL MIRRORLEFT BLIND SPOTPlace markers at edge of traditional mirror view areas. Traditional side view mirror settings show same as rear view mirror field of view.
35 Mirror Blind Spot and Glare Elimination (BGE) The BGE side mirror settings (15 degrees to outside) will allow for view to the side in addition to the rear view.BGE RIGHT SIDE MIRROR VIEWREAR MIRRORVIEWBGE LEFT SIDE MIRROR VIEWReference: Blindzone & Glare Elimination (BGE) Mirror Settings (G. Platzer, 1996)
36 Standard Reference Points Relates part of the vehicle to some part of the roadway.Helpful visual relationship of your vehicle within the operating space.Will know your vehicle placement within a lane at all times.Will allow for reduced-risk lane placementsReference: Mottola, F. R. (1997). “Empower Yourself with Zone Control Driving”
37 FRONT LIMITATION Knowing where the front end of your vehicle is when you are:AT INTERSECTIONSIN A STOPPING POSITIONPERPENDICULAR PARKING
38 FRONT LIMITATIONWHERE ARE YOUR VISUAL REFERENCE POINTS FOR FRONT LIMITATION?
39 FRONT LIMITATIONTarget the line to the side of the vehicle and look from the line under the side view mirrors to the curb.Together they will help you determine where the front limitation of your vehicle is.
40 REAR LIMITATION BACKING POSITION PERPENDICULAR PARKING Knowing where the rear end of your vehicle iswhen you are:BACKING POSITIONPERPENDICULAR PARKING
41 REAR LIMITATIONWHERE ARE YOUR VISUAL REFERENCE POINTS FOR REAR LIMITATION?
42 REAR LIMITATIONTarget the line to either side of the vehicle and look from the line through the windows to the left and right rear.Together they will help you determine where the rear limitation of your vehicle is.
43 RIGHT SIDE LIMITATION LANE POSITION # 3 RIGHT SIDE CURB PARKING Parallel to the curb (0-6 inches away)
44 RIGHT SIDE LIMITATIONYour line of sight reference is aligning the middle of your vehicle to the curb or the edge line of roadway.
45 LEFT SIDE LIMITATION LANE POSITION # 2 LEFT SIDE CURB PARKING (like on a one-way street).(0-6 INCHES)
46 LEFT SIDE LIMITATIONYour line of sight reference is about 1 foot from left side or may be the crack line between your left fender and hood of your vehicle to the curb.
47 LANE POSITION # 1 CENTER OF YOUR LANE. CAR IS 3 FEET AWAY FROM LINE TO RIGHT OR LEFT
48 LANE POSITION # 1Your line of sight through the driver’s side left fender to the center line.Your line of sight through the center of passenger’s side right half of the hood to the edge or edge line of the roadway.
49 LANE POSITION # 2 LEFT SIDE OF YOUR LANE. CAR IS 0-6 INCHES AWAY FROM LINE TO LEFT
50 LANE POSITION # 2Your line of sight reference is about 1 foot from left side or may be the crack line between your left fender and hood of your vehicle to the curb.Your line of sight through the right side of the hood to the edge or edge line of the roadway.
51 LANE POSITION # 3 RIGHT SIDE OF LANE. CAR IS 0-6 INCHES AWAY FROM EDGE OR EDGE LINE TO THE RIGHT
52 LANE POSITION # 3Your line of sight reference is the edge of the side mirror to the left.Your line of sight through the center of your hood to the right edge or edge line of the roadway.
53 LANE POSITIONSPosition 1 is in the middle of lane and will be used for the majority of driving situations1
54 LANE POSITIONSPosition 2 is a placement to the left when a restriction to your path of travel or your line of sight exists, without having to move out of the lane of travel.21
55 LANE POSITIONSPosition 3 is a vehicle placement to the right when a restriction to your path of travel or your line of sight exists, without having to move out of the lane of travel.31
56 POSSIBLE LANE POSITIONS Lane positions or placement will allow the driver to make adjustments to potential problems and create more space between the car and problem situations.54321
57 ANGLE PARKING POSITION & TURNING POINT Place vehicle 5 feet from right side, target the middle of the parking space, and use right front turn point to initiate steering into middle of space.5 feet
58 Standard Reference Points Relates part of the vehicle to some part of the roadway.Helpful visual relationship of your vehicle within the operating space.Will know your vehicle placement within a lane at all times.Will allow for reduced-risk lane placementsReference: Mottola, F. R. (1997). “Empower Yourself with Zone Control Driving”