Static FEM analysis – ANSYS Workbench Front suspension mesh Max Stress – Steering Force
Rear suspension meshMax Stress – Force from a bump Static FEM analysis – ANSYS Workbench
Loading condition –Braking Torque –Maximum steering force –Forces on suspensions while running over a bump Results –Reduced angle and increased thickness steering arm on the knuckle. –Reduced thickness of the wishbone arms. –Shortened length of pivot arms of the rear suspension. Static FEM analysis – ANSYS Workbench
Convergence Test Multiple iterations were performed on the models while increasing the number of elements in the mesh. Stresses were all converging – hence model is accurate.
Dynamic analysis – MSC ADAMS Input – Height of bump on the road –Velocity of the vehicle Output –Spring and contact forces – values used for static analysis in ANSYS
Simulation of the vehicle going over a bump on the road. Dynamic analysis – MSC ADAMS Yaw, pitch and roll orientation used to determine the resonant frequency of the vehicle. Fast Fourier Transform was performed to obtain the resonant frequency of the vehicle.
Vertical displacement of the wheel Forces ranging from 2500N to 5000N on the front and rear tires on the drivers side.
Results Front Suspension The maximum deflection of 8.22E-04 m was found during the steering simulation which was seen in the steering arm of the knuckle. A strain of 2.75E-03 was determined to be the maximum strain in the bump simulation. The highest stress came from the braking condition which was determined to be 4.48E+08 Pa. Sufficiency of Model - maximum stress was not higher than the tensile strength of the material
Rear suspension Deflection of 5.63E-04 m was determined to be the maximum deformation in the bump simulation. The highest strain came from the braking condition which was determined to be 3.02E-03. The maximum stress of 6.03E+08 Pa was found during the braking simulation. Dynamic Analysis The resonant frequency of the vehicle is 1.667 Hz. Verifies stability of vehicle with values of spring stiffness and damping coefficient for both suspensions. Results
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