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Western Oregon University Oregon Department of Transportation Transportation Safety Division Driver Risk Prevention Curriculum Introduction to Backing.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Oregon University Oregon Department of Transportation Transportation Safety Division Driver Risk Prevention Curriculum Introduction to Backing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Oregon University Oregon Department of Transportation Transportation Safety Division Driver Risk Prevention Curriculum Introduction to Backing Turnabout Options Introduction to Backing Turnabout Options

2 Backing Increases Risk Line-of-Vision Blind Area Larger to Rear Requires More Space to Maneuver - Back Tires Don’t Turn Must Yield to All Pedestrians and Vehicles When Given the Choice, Move Forward

3 When You Must Back Look for LOS POT Blockages Know the Space You Intend to Occupy is Clear

4 Backing Straight Right Foot Firmly on Brake Shift to “R” – Reverse 360 Degree Search Pedestrians & Vehicles

5 Backing Straight Hold Wheel at the 12 O’clock Position Twist Body to Look Over Right Shoulder Target – As you do when moving forward Decrease Brake Pressure – Move at a walking pace When Close to Obstacles Move at an Inch-by-Inch Speed

6 Backing Turns Turn Head – Look to target area before turning wheel Turn wheel from the top down in the direction you want the back of the car to move Use two hands on the wheel Check front swing to be certain that the front of the vehicle doesn’t strike any object

7 Reference Point Usage

8 What is the reference point used for backing to a line in the rear?

9 Yes! About a foot behind the door post or the middle of the rear side window

10 Discover the Pivot Point for Backing Turns That point directly above the center of the rear tire Rear Corner Post or Blind spot.

11 Standard Reference Point It is at this point that one may begin turning the wheel. Rear Corner Post or Blind spot. The curb line appears to line up with the Rear Corner Post or Blind spot.

12 Pivot Point When the nearest edge of the your intended lane lines up with the pivot point you may begin to turn the wheel

13 Turnabout Options Changing Your Direction

14 Consider Your Choices Turnabout Options Go Around The Block Parking Lot - Pull in/out Forward Right Alley/Intersection Turnabout Left Alley Turnabout U-Turn Y-Turn - 3 Point Turn Evaluate the Risks Least amount of risk Some Risk – Many LOS-POT blockages in parking lots Reduced Risk - Backing in, pulling out forward High Risk - Backing into traffic High Risk - Crossing all traffic lanes Maximum Risk - Crossing traffic lanes & backing into traffic

15 1.Select location, check rear, tap brake lights, signal and check blind spot, leave traffic lane 2.Stop with-in 18 inches of curb, shift to reverse, 360 degree search and yield, target to rear 3.Back to pivot point, turn wheel from top down, check front swing 4.Back to safety stop, foot on brake then shift to drive 5.Signal left, when clear make a precision left turn Right Alley Turnabout 5 5

16 Select Location Precision Left Turn into Alleyway Shift to Reverse 360 Degree Search Target Rear Decrease Brake Pressure Back at a Walking Pace Left Alley Turnabout

17 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Left Alley Turnabout

18 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Left Alley Turnabout

19 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Left Alley Turnabout

20 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space Left Alley Turnabout

21 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space Left Alley Turnabout

22 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space Left Alley Turnabout

23 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space Left Alley Turnabout

24 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space Left Alley Turnabout

25 Stop Before the Sidewalk Search & Yield to Pedestrians Back to Pivot Point and Begin Turn Stop Before Entering Roadway Search and Yield to Traffic Complete turn in the smallest amount of space When safe re-enter traffic Left Alley Turnabout

26 Illegal U-Turns At traffic-light controlled intersections when a sign prohibits it On a highway Mid-block On a highway where you cannot be seen by another driver approaching from any direction for a distance of: –500 feet within city limits –1000 feet outside city limits Anywhere a sign prohibits

27 3 Point Turn Modified U-Turn for narrow roadways. U-turn rules apply! 1.Search 500’ – 1000’ & Signal 2.Right Side Limit, Search, Signal & Yield 3.Target, Creep & turn wheel fast, stop at front limit, shift to reverse, search 360 degrees 4.Target right rear, creep & turn wheel fast, back far enough to clear edge of roadway - one car length – 15 feet 5.Stop, shift to drive, search to target area and evaluate path for LOS- POTs, get car on-target


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