Presentation on theme: "1 中国的环境法庭及其作用 Environmental Tribunal and Its Roles in China Speaker ： Wang Canfa ( 王灿发 ) Center For Legal Assistance To Pollution Victims China University."— Presentation transcript:
1 中国的环境法庭及其作用 Environmental Tribunal and Its Roles in China Speaker ： Wang Canfa ( 王灿发 ) Center For Legal Assistance To Pollution Victims China University of Political Science and Law Asian Judges Symposium on Environmental Adjudication, Manila, Philippines Green Courts and Tribunals, and Environmental Justice July 28, 2010
2 Canfa WANG Professor: Institute on Environment & Resources of China Uiversity of Political Science and Law (CUPL) Director: Center for Legal Assistance to Polution Victims of CUPL Standing Syndic: Chinese Society of Environmental Science Attorney(Part time): Fada Law Firm in Beijing Address: Center For Legal assistance to Pollution Victims China University of Politics and Law No. 25, Xitucheng Road, Haidian District Beijing China Telephone: /0318 Hotline: Website ：
3 §1.0 中国的法院体系 Current Judicial System in the PRC The juridical system of China consists of the Supreme Court, the local Courts at all levels and specialized courts such as the Military Court. The local Courts include the Higher Courts in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, the Intermediate Courts in districts and municipalities as well as the Court in counties, cities and municipal districts. The specialized courts mainly include the Military Court, the Maritime Court, the Railway Transport Court as well as the Forestry Court, the Petroleum Court, the Land Reclamation Court, the Youth Court and so on. The courts at all levels are responsible to people’s congress at the same level as well as its standing committee while the practice of justice is under the supervision of the courts at a higher level. Supreme Court Local Courts at all levels Specialized Courts Higher Court at the provincial, district, and city levels intermediate Court at the district and city levels Court at the county, city and district under city levels. Dispatched tribunals of Grass-root People’s Courts Military Court of the Central Military Commission MaritimeCourt Railway and TransportationCourt The Military Courts of all military areas The Military Courts of different regiments ForestryCourt
4 §2.0. Specialized Environment Justice Agency According to the published data, more than 10 specialized environment justice agencies have been established throughout China to cater to the work of environmental protection, including Environmental Protection Courts, Environmental Protection Trial Division within the juridical system and the Circuit Court of Environmental Protection, a joint establishment with administrative agencies of environmental protection.
5 §2.0. Specialized Environment Justice Agency 1. The Environmental Protection Tribunal of the People’s Court of Dongling District of Shenyang, Liaoning Province (April, 2002); 2. The Circuit Court of the People’s Court of Shahekou District of Shenyang, Liaoning Province (April, 2004); 3. The Environemntal Protection Court of Jizhou Municipality of Shijiazhuang, Hebei (2004); 4. The Circuit Court of Environmental Protection of Shiping County of Liaocheng, Shandong, province (2006); 5. The Environmental Protection Court of the Pejople’s court of Tiexi District, Shenyang, Liaoning province (June, 2006); 6. The E. P. Trial Court of the Intermediate Court of Guiyang, Guizhou province and the E.P.Court of the Court of Qingzhen Municipality under its jurisdiction (November, 2007);
6 §2.0. Specialized Environment Justice Agency 7. The Circuit Court of Environmental Protection of Jianye District, Nanjing, Jiangsu (Feb. 2008); 8. The E.P. Tribunal of the Intermediate Court of Wuxi Municipality (May, 2008); 9. The Circuit Court of the People’s Court of Xinbei District, Changzhou, Jiangsu province (August, 2008); 10. Trial Division of Environmental Protection of the Intermediate People’s Court of Kunming Municipaality, Yunnan Province (Nov. 2008); 11. The E.P. Tribunal of Shangma Court of Chengyang District of Qingdao in Shandong Province (April, 2010) 12. The Tribunal on Ecology and Resources at the Intermediate Court of Zhangzhou Municipality in Fujian Province (May,2010) 13.
8 §3.0 在中国建立专门环境司法机构的作用 Potentials Roles of the specialized environment justice agencies Judging from the juridical practice home and abroad, especially the recent experiment with several specialized environment justice agencies in China, the establishment of such agencies is not only an inherent demand for the practice of environment justice but also offers the following significant potentials: Changing the situation that the courts don’t like to accept environment cases; Improving Judges’ Expertise in Environmental Law in the Shortest Time; Promoting Judicatory Impartiality in Environment Cases ; Strengthening the Authority of the Environmental Law.