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AEGEAN ARTS 3 related but distinct cultures on and around the Aegean Sea: CYLADIC art MINOAN art MYCENAEAN art.

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Presentation on theme: "AEGEAN ARTS 3 related but distinct cultures on and around the Aegean Sea: CYLADIC art MINOAN art MYCENAEAN art."— Presentation transcript:

1 AEGEAN ARTS 3 related but distinct cultures on and around the Aegean Sea: CYLADIC art MINOAN art MYCENAEAN art

2 AEGEAN ARTS

3 Socio & historical context 1.Seni yang banyak mempengaruhi seni Yunani dan daerah Eropa 2.Way of life: (5-3 RTL) FARM-PASTORAL & FISHING. Independent city states with local ruler. Geography: Sea & Islands → good sailor →AEGEAN civilizations = islands civilizations 3.ATLANTIS on Thera island(Santorini)..?? 4.Metallurgy 5.Focused on presentlife and EPHIPHANIC believes

4 CYLADIC ART 1.Simplicity & geometric 2.Marble, 3.Size: 33 & 63 cm (height) – 2200 BC 5.Burial sites → propably for worship 6.Colored Name: Cycladic Girls

5 CYLADIC ART 1.Simplicity & geometric, ROUNDED 2.Marble, 3.Size: 21,6 cm (height) – 2200 BC 5.Found at Keros Island Name: Harpist-Orpheus

6 CYLADIC ART 1.Stylistic 2.Terracotta, 3.Size: 28 x 6 cm (height) – 2200 BC 5.Found at Siros Island 6.Female genital symbols of pregnancy, life & death Name: “Frying Pan”

7 MINOAN ART “ the richest & strangest among the three arts” Named after the legend of King Minos and the Minotaur at Knossos, Crete Island Minotaur (a man with the head of a bull) son of PASIPHAE & POSEIDON, locked in a labyrinth, waiting for human sacrifices (7man & 7 woman).Minotaur (a man with the head of a bull) son of PASIPHAE & POSEIDON, locked in a labyrinth, waiting for human sacrifices (7man & 7 woman). THESEUS, son of KING AEGEUS from AthensTHESEUS, son of KING AEGEUS from Athens Princess ARIADNE of Crete gave THESEUS a sword and a golden thread to kill the MINOTAUR and escape from the LabyrinthPrincess ARIADNE of Crete gave THESEUS a sword and a golden thread to kill the MINOTAUR and escape from the Labyrinth Wrong colored ship caused KING AEGEUS killed himself hence the name AEGEAN SEAWrong colored ship caused KING AEGEUS killed himself hence the name AEGEAN SEA

8 Minoan Art are known from its: Architecture-Palaces (Knossos, Phaistos, and Mallia).Architecture-Palaces (Knossos, Phaistos, and Mallia). Metallurgy, Sculptures, pottery, paintings, & reliefsMetallurgy, Sculptures, pottery, paintings, & reliefs There are no fortifications, military subjects almost unknown in Minoan Art. Palaces were the centers of religious life (small chapels) and also functioned as the royal residence, administration and commerce centers. MINOAN ART

9 MINOAN ART Palace of Minos at Knossos Name: “The Queen’s Megaron”

10 Site Plan of the Minos Palace, inspired by Double Axes  Labyrinth

11 MINOAN ART-Sculpture & Metallurgy 1.Realistic & Stylistic 2.Faience 3.Size: 29,5 cm (height) BC 5.Found at Knossos Island 6.The snake symbolizes Earth Deities, fertility 7.Influenced by Mesopotamian Goddess...?? Name: “Snake Goddess-Knossos”

12 1.Bull as a sacred animal 2.Serpentine Stone 3.Painted crystal eyes 4.Shell-inlay muzzle 5.Influenced by Mesopotamian Art (Ur Harp)..? Name: RHYTON-Bull’s Head MINOAN ART-Sculpture & Metallurgy

13 1.Named after a cave sanctuary at Crete’s Mount Ida, Phaistos BC 3.Balanced and often repeating pattern of linear and spiral based motifs 4.Naturalistic elements & stylized human Name: Kamares Style MINOAN ART-Pottery-Ceramics

14 1.Mythology- symbol of the devine wisdom of the two goddess ( Metis & Athene) 2.Theme: Marine Life Name: Octopus Flask / vase MINOAN ART-Pottery-Ceramics

15 1.Harvest Festival..? 2.Uniqueness: lively rythm of the composition that shows an emphasis on physical strain, its energetic & merry festivity 3.Technique: Gilding 4.Similiarity with Egyptian Akhenaten Art almost 200 years after Name: Harvester vase MINOAN ART-Pottery-Ceramics

16 The murals were found on : 1.Minos Palace, Knossos, Crete Island MINOAN ART-Mural Paintings Name: Lily Prince

17 The murals were found on : 2.Akrotiri on Thera Island (Santorini) MINOAN ART-Mural Paintings Name: Fisherman Akrotiri

18 1.Bull as a sacred animal 2.Buon Fresco (wet) 3.Natural scenery (landscape, animals, underwater), mythology, & daily rituals MINOAN ART-Mural Paintings Name: Bull Leaping- ”The Toreador Fresco”- Minos Palace-Knossos

19 4.Dynamic- Rhytmic movement, no groundline 5.Outlining 6.Influenced by Egyptian Art MINOAN ART-Mural Paintings Name: Landscape painting-Akrotiri

20 MYCENAEAN ART “Helladic Civilization” Mycenaean Art are known from its: Architecture: hilltop fortresses surrounded with defensive walls of huge stone blocksArchitecture: hilltop fortresses surrounded with defensive walls of huge stone blocks Tombs and its contents (Beehive tombs, 1600 BC -Treasury of Atreus)Tombs and its contents (Beehive tombs, 1600 BC -Treasury of Atreus) Often showed a resemblance with Minoan ArtOften showed a resemblance with Minoan Art The descendants of the Earliest Greek Clan around 2000 BCThe descendants of the Earliest Greek Clan around 2000 BC Advanced MetallurgyAdvanced Metallurgy Famous King: AgamemnonFamous King: Agamemnon

21 1.Resemble the Hittie-Lion Gate 1400 BC & Near Eastern Art lion 2.Created by CYCLOPES Name: Lioness Gate, Mycenae, Greece, 1250 BC MYCENAEAN ART-Architecture

22 1.Audience Hall BC Name: Megaron Pylos MYCENAEAN ART-Architecture

23 1.Citadel (fortress) 2.Wall thickness: 6 m BC Name: Tiryn Citadel MYCENAEAN ART-Architecture

24 1.Beehive tombs BC 3.Most are found in Mycenae 4.Often filled with treasures of Royal Families Name: Treasury of Atreus MYCENAEAN ART-Tomb

25 Name: Rhyton- Lion’s Head MYCENAEAN ART-Metallurgy

26 Technique : Repousse/ Emboss Name: Vapheio Cup Name: Agamemnon Mask

27 Name: Mycenae Dagger Technique : Niello

28 Name: Pendant Chryssolakkos Technique : Granulation

29 Name: Three deities, Mycenae MYCENAEAN ART-Sculpture BC 2.Ivory 3.Polytheism 4.Minoan, Asia Minor, and Greek Origin (Poseidon, etc)  changed identities


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