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“Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?” 18 For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe.

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Presentation on theme: "“Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?” 18 For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?” 18 For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe it in part, 19 for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized. 1 Corinthians 11:18-19 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 29

2 Origin of Baptists SPONTANEOUS APOSTOLIC 1) Historical succession 2) Perpetuity of distinctives ANABAPTIST KINSHIP ENGLISH SEPERATISTS *CONVERGENT VIEW*

3 BAPTISTS GENERAL PARTICULAR PURITAN SEPERATIST

4 GAINSBOROUGH1602 JOHN SMYTH SCROOBY1606ROBINSON/BREWSTER 1608 Holland 1620 New World (America) Pilgrims

5 GAINESBOROUGH 1607HOLLAND 1609Dutch Waterlander 1611Thomas HelwysReturned to England SpitalsfordFirst constituted Baptist Ch Doctrine vs. Ecclesiology BAPTIST IDENTITY Soul Liberty: freedom/voluntarism Coherent-Truth: above with doctrinal basis

6 GENERAL BAPTISTS churches churches in loose affiliation 1651“Faith & Practice's of 30 Congregations Gathered in the Primitive Pattern” 1678Orthodox Creed “divine authority, and... are the best means under heaven to preserve unity and prevent heresy” General Councils

7 1616Henry JacobPuritan Independent Congregation 1633John Spillsbury 1641“ought to be by dipping ye Body into ye Water, resembling Burial and rising again” 1644Seven Particular Baptist Churches 1. To distinguish themselves from Anabaptists 2. To draw attention to their Calvinistic doctrine PARTICULAR BAPTISTS John LathropJacob/Lathrop Group identifiable Baptist churches

8 “That Christ Jesus by this death did bring forth salvation and reconciliation onely for the elect, which were those which God the Father gave him, and that the Gospel which is to be preached to all men as the ground of faith, is, that Jesus is the Christ, the Sonne of the everblessed God, filled with the perfection of all heavenly and spirituall excellencies, and that the salvation is onely and alone to be had through the believing in his Name.” (Original spelling maintained) John Spillsbury/William Kiffen/Samuel Richardson

9 March 4, 1647 Officially recognized and granted legal toleration 1677Second London Confession 1689General Assembly of Particular Baptists Benjamin Keach Hanserd Knollys William Kiffen “Father of Particular Baptist” 1646Presented to Parliament CONTEXT: Restoration Chas II/Persecution of Dissenting Churches

10 Shared Characteristics Closed membership: only baptized believers Open communion Preference for the Lord’s Day Promotion of an educated and ordained ministry 1792English Baptist Missionary Society Does the 1644 Confession contain “New Covenant Theology?” How do the Baptist fare after toleration? Gospel Standard or Strict Baptist

11 New England 1639Roger Williams or John Clark’s group 1663Rehoboth; moved to Swansea in 1667 Maine: William Screven Sept. 25, 1682 Moves to Charleston, SC 1684

12 MIDDLE COLONIES 1688Lower Dublin Church July 27, 1707 Philadelphia Baptist Association Regular Baptists 1743 Philadelphia Confession of Faith 1689Began yearly general meeting: devotional/evangelistic help Were these churches ‘confessional?’ 1712 all were advised to ascribe to Elias Keach’s confession 1724Referred a question to ‘the Confession of Faith set forth by the elders in London in 1689, and owned by us.’


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