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The paleoenvironment of Enkhuizen-Kadijken. Wilko van Zijverden The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research University of Applied Sciences Deventer.

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Presentation on theme: "The paleoenvironment of Enkhuizen-Kadijken. Wilko van Zijverden The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research University of Applied Sciences Deventer."— Presentation transcript:

1 The paleoenvironment of Enkhuizen-Kadijken. Wilko van Zijverden The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research University of Applied Sciences Deventer (The Netherlands) Leiden University (The Netherlands)

2 Enkhuizen Medemblik Hoogwoud Hattemerbroek introduction Eigenblok Vliestroom Schagen Bergen inlet Oer-IJ estuary Vecht IJssel Westfrisia

3 Topics 1.Methods for prospecting settlements. 2.Strategies for locating settlements. 3.Size, extension and catchment area of settlements 4.Significance of geofactors (relief map, soil, water etc.) 5.Did humans change their environment persistently, at least on local scale? 6.Do we have to expect an open landscape in which burial mounds have been landmarks? introduction

4 5500 v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr. 500 v. Chr. x palaeogeography

5 500 v. Chr. 50 na Chr v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr. x palaeogeography

6 5500 v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr v. Chr. 50 na Chr. 500 v. Chr. palaeogeography

7 the model

8

9

10 - Change wheat to barley - Change type of mollusks in ditches - Change towards production of dairy-products - Change in amount and diversity weeds indicating wetter conditions the model

11 Westfriese Omringdijk the model

12 Change in Sphagnum species and δ 14 C the model

13

14 recent excavations

15 Fishbones Medemblik thinlip mullet sea trout recent excavations european flounder

16 Fishbones Hoogwoud atlantic cod recent excavations common dab european plaice

17 Macrobotanic remains Schepenwijk recent excavations

18 northern pike european perch common carp Fishbones Enkhuizen recent excavations

19 grey gurnard mullet european eel Fishbones Enkhuizen recent excavations pickleweed

20 recent excavations Game from Kadijken brown bear northern goshawk wild boar moose red deer

21 recent excavations

22 topics 1.Methods for prospecting settlements. 2.Strategies for locating settlements. 3.Size, extension and catchment area of settlements 4.Significance of geofactors (relief map, soil, water etc.) 5.Did humans change their environment persistently, at least on local scale? 6.Do we have to expect an open landscape in which burial mounds have been landmarks?

23 topics 1.Methods for prospecting settlements. coring field walking (landesaufname), remote sensing aerial photography

24 topics 2. Strategies for locating settlements. high risk low risk medium risk risk for crop failure

25 topics 2. Methods for prospecting settlements. Eigenblok

26 topics 2. Methods for prospecting settlements.

27 topics 3. Size, extension and catchment area of settlements Early Bronze Age active marine landscape Middle Bronze Age fossil marine landscape

28 topics 4. Significance of geofactors (relief map, soil, water etc.) sandclay

29 topics 5. Did humans change their environment persistently, at least on local scale?

30 topics 6. Do we have to expect an open landscape in which burial mounds have been landmarks?

31 The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research University of Applied Sciences Deventer (The Netherlands) Leiden University (The Netherlands) XXX


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