Presentation on theme: "Mr. Koch Forest Lake High School World History A"— Presentation transcript:
1Mr. Koch Forest Lake High School World History A Ancient EgyptMr. KochForest Lake High SchoolWorld History A
2Nile River Provides life to Egypt Flood cycle gave Egypt its seasons Supports animal life, irrigation/siltFlood cycle gave Egypt its seasonsFlood timePlanting timeHarvesting timeFlows north and prevailing winds blow south – aids transportation
3Egypt Surrounded by deserts that isolate and protect Cataracts Waterfalls or rapidsProtected from invaders from southUpper EgyptSouthern part of the Nile RiverEnds at the last cataractLower EgyptDelta region of the Niletriangular marsh land that formed deposits of silt
4Old Kingdom (2700 BC -2200 BC) Pharaohs organized strong central govt Claimed divine supportAbsolute power, owned all land in the kingdomVizier = pharaoh’s chief advisorsThousands of scribes carried out his instructions.
5Old Kingdom (2700 BC -2200 BC) “The Pyramid Age” Eternal tombs Built without tools or the wheelExample of the strength of the empireOnly period they were builtWhy did they stop?
6Great Pyramid for Pharaoh Khufu at Giza Base was size of 10 football fields480 feet tall2 million stone block2.5 tons eachTook 20 years to build
8Middle Kingdom (2200 BC -1700 BC) Armies occupy Nubia, export goldExpand trade to Middle East, CreteMany problemsCrop failuresPower struggles & corruptionCost of pyramid buildingHyksos invade 1700 BCOccupied Delta regionUsed horse drawn chariots (awed Egyptians)100 years before new family rises and force Hyksos out of Egypt
9New Kingdom (1600 BC -1000 BC) Empire grows to peak of power/territory Very powerful rulersHatshepsutFemale ruler (1503 BC – 1482 BC)Expanded tradeRule with same powers as menRamses IIRuled as far north as SyriaFought the Hittites of Asia MinorDecline began after his rule
10Tutankhamen 1361-1352 BC Becomes pharaoh at age 8. He dies at age 18. Buried with everything he would need in the afterlifeChariots, weapons, toys, furniture, jewelry, games, and foodSolid gold coffinHis tomb and riches discovered by Howard Carter in 1922.Why significant?The only pharaoh to be found with all riches intact.
16Egyptian Civilization Polytheistic ReligionAmon-ReSun godChief godPharaohViewed as a godClosely linked to Amon-ReOsiris = god of the afterlifeGod of the NileJudged souls of the deadIsis = wife of OsirisAppealed to womenTaught women how to grind corn, raise children, and weave cloth
17Egyptian Civilization Belief in the afterlifeDead souls ferried across lake of fire to Osiris to be judgedHeart weighed against feather of truthWorthy souls entered Happy Field of Food to spend eternitySinners fed to the Eater of the DeadBook of the DeadGave instructions on how to live your life in order to pass Osiris’ judgmentGives us detailed values of Egyptians
18Egyptian Civilization Afterlife Cont’dMummification = preservation of the deadEmbalmers removed brain through nostrils and most internal organsCavities filled with spicesBody dried and wrapped in linensAnubis: god of embalming
19Egyptian Civilization FarmersVast majority of populationHad to serve Pharaoh in the off seasonBuilding palaces, pyramids, and tombsWomen worked fields with menRaised childrenMore rights then the rest of the ancient world
20Egyptian Civilization Written RecordsHieroglyphics = Egyptian picture writingKept important recordsIdeograms = pictures that symbolize idea or actionAdded later by scribesDemotic = simple form of writing for everyday useDeveloped by scribesPapyrus = paper like writing material from plant that grew on the banks of the NileMore convenient then carving hieroglyphicsStone carvings still used for official records
21Egyptian Civilization Rosetta StoneBlack stoneSame message in three scriptsHieroglyphsDemoticGreekDeciphered by Jean Champollin in early 1800s