Presentation on theme: "T: 051 401 9111 STOKVELS 21 February 2012."— Presentation transcript:
T: STOKVELS 21 February 2012
DEFINITION Group of people Enter into an agreement to pledge regular contributions to a common fund Each member can draw from fund for a specific purpose On a rotating basis or times of financial need
TYPES Contributions stokvel Traditional savings scheme Fixed amount of money to a common pool weekly, fortnightly or monthly Members would receive the lump sum on a rotational basis Free to use the money for any purpose Basic stokvel Differed from contributions stokvel - also function as a savings scheme that paid out for specific events Umgalelo clubs Religious nature Contributions plus 20% Youth stokvels Care-taking and upbringing Grocery stokvel Grocery or cash coupons (Makro; Unilever) Purchasing stokvel Pool money used it to purchase big items that could be used by the group to generate an income Family stokvel Money invested in formal bank accounts or financial services Money paid out according to the needs of the family Used for buying land or cars, for business investments, or for deposits on bank loans I
TYPES Investment group Invested money - interest Money was split but, or reinvested Istoki stokvel Members get turn to host party Food bought with contributions - sold to guests Host keeps money Party stokvel Entrance fee would be charged, and food and drink would be on sale Members then shared in the profits/hosts Borrowing stokvel Lent money at high monthly interest rates (between 20% and 50%) to members and sub-members Makgotlas or burial societies Financial help when familiy member has died Practical support for the family during the preparations; for example, by helping to prepare food Gooi-goois Money or in natura contributions
HISTORY Rotating cattle auctions (“stock fairs”) of English settlers in the Cape (1800s) Discovery of Gold - brought the stokvel concept to Witwatersrand Terrible circumstances Funerals The National Stokvels Association of South Africa (NASASA) 1988 Prior to 1994 After support and encourage informal community-based saving groups
HISTORY 1996: Ministry of Finance Produced 1996 outlining the government’s position on stokvels Warned against illegal pyramid schemes posing as stokvels Returns up to 300% Pay-outs from members’ subscriptions, without sufficient reserves Banks Act was amended Stokvel activities were seen as falling outside of the definition of a bank Stokvels = legal, self-governing entities, operating outside the regulations covering banks 1999 funds not allowed to exceed R9.99 million Stokvels also had to affiliate themselves with NASASA Activities may not fall within the objectives of a pension fund organisation Accounting records (up to R1 million; more than R1 million up to R9.9 million) Sun Multi Serve scheme Posed as a stokvel Registrar of Banks froze its funds - R40 million in funds above the limit of R9.9 million Other schemes collapsed - R80 million losses during 1996
HISTORY 2003 Membership: Female (60%) Race: 96% were black Urban/Rural65% urban-based Region50%+ Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) LSM category76% relatively poor - LSM1 to LSM5 ContributionsR50 and R100 per month; R181. Savings R400 million
HISTORY 2011 South Africa has stokvels 11.4 million stokvel members in South Africa. The most popular type of stokvel is for savings, with 47% of respondents making use of this. It is followed by a burial society stokvel, of which 41% of respondents are members. Grocery stokvels, which buy in bulk from various retailers at the end of the year, make up 20% of stokvel membership. Investment stokvels make up 5% of the total stokvel market. The survey found that the average number of members per stokvel was 27. Gauteng has the highest penetration of stokvels - 23%, followed by Limpopo at 20%. The majority of stokvel members (57%) are women. The average monthly contribution to a stokvel is R210.
BANK ACT Section 1 of the Bank Act (i)is a formal or informal rotating credit scheme with entertainment, social and economic functions; (ii)fundamentally consists of members who have pledged mutual support to each other towards the attainment of specific objectives; (iii)establishes a continuous pool of capital by raising funds by means of the subscription of members; (iv)grant credit to and on behalf of members; (v) provides for members to share in profits and to nominate management, and (vi) relies on self imposed regulation to protect the interest of its members;
GET RICH QUICK SCHEMES /PYRAMID Section 1 of the Bank Act (i)is a formal or informal rotating credit scheme with entertainment, social and economic functions; (ii)fundamentally consists of members who have pledged mutual support to each other towards the attainment of specific objectives; (iii)establishes a continuous pool of capital by raising funds by means of the subscription of members; (iv)grant credit to and on behalf of members; (v) provides for members to share in profits and to nominate management, and (vi) relies on self imposed regulation to protect the interest of its members;
Stokvels and the Companies Act? Is a stokvel a partnership?
PARTNERSHIPS Companies Act 1973 Section 30 Prohibition of associations or partnerships exceeding twenty members, and exemption No company, association, syndicate or partnership consisting of more than twenty persons shall be permitted or formed in the Republic for the purpose of carrying on any business that has for its object the acquisition of gain by the company, association, syndicate or partnership, or by the individual members thereof, unless it is registered as a company under this Act or is formed in pursuance of some other law or was before the thirty-first day of May, 1962, formed in pursuance of Letters Patent or Royal Charter.