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Assault Breaching Technologies Update

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1 Assault Breaching Technologies Update
MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

2 Enabling Capability: MCM for Maneuver
Assure Access to Enable OMFTS/STOM

3 Ship-To-Objective Maneuver
Capabilities: Wide area surveillance to enable maneuver Clandestine reconnaissance to prepare the battlespace Rapid overt mine and obstacle reconnaissance Data Fusion to accelerate the planning process Timely MCM common tactical picture to enable maneuver Stand-off breaching of mines and obstacles in BZ/SZ Stand-off neutralization of individual mines in VSW Autonomous, high speed compact influence sweep Precision localization and navigation from VSW to BEZ Rapid Follow On Clearance

4 Mine and Obstacle Breaching
S&T Strategy Develop a Precision Breaching Capability Key enablers include ISR, Weapon Precision Guidance, and Precision Navigation Delivery by Naval TACAIR, USAF Bombers Spiral Development Approach JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Precision guided bombs for surface laid BZ/SZ mines and obstacles Advanced Warhead Development: Countermine darts with greater kill radius & effectiveness against buried BZ/SZ mines JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Extend BZ/SZ capability to neutralization of VSW Mines

5 Mine & Obstacle Breaching Systems Transitioned to PMS-495
JABS Beach Zone / Surf Zone Surface Laid Mines and Obstacles MK-84 JDAM Tail Kit Standoff Delivery Platform GBU-31(V)2/B MODS Beach Zone / Surf Zone Surface Laid & Buried Mines Dispenser CM Darts

6 JABS in the VSW Objective Effectiveness Issues
40’ 15’ 25’ 10 msec 25 msec Objective Extend Breaching Capability Previously Demonstrated in the BZ/SZ to the VSW Standoff Delivery Moored / Bottom Targets Effectiveness Issues Weapon Stability in VSW Time of Weapon Detonation Lethality against VSW Mines

7 All Targets Were Neutralized
JABS in VSW Lethality Live Weapons Moored and Bottom Mines Underwater Trajectory Inert Weapons Underwater Video Alignment of Impact Points All Targets Were Neutralized

8 Status JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for BZ/SZ
Transitioned on 28 Feb 05 Fielded via DOTMLPF CR*: Signed by JROC on 1 May 06 Mine and Obstacle Defeat System (MODS) Transitioned on 30 Mar 07 Successful Program of Record: Countermine System (CMS) JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for VSW Updated Mission Planner Transitioned on 19 Oct 10 * Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and Facilities Change Recommendation

9 Spiral Development of COBRA*
Block I (IOC / FY11) Daytime Operations Surface Mines Obstacles Detection in BZ Block II (IOC / FY15) Night Operations Detection in Surf Zone Block III (IOC / FY18) Buried Mines * Coastal Battlefield Reconnaissance and Analysis

10 Complex Detection Issues
Beach Zone (BZ) False Alarms Contrast Burial Dynamic Boundary Surf Zone (SZ) and Very Shallow Water (VSW) Foam, Glint, Waves, Clutter, Turbidity, Currents

11 Rapid, Overt, Airborne, Reconnaissance (ROAR)
COBRA Block II Night Operations Detection in Surf Zone Active Multi-spectral Day/Night Operations BZ/SZ Optimized for Surf Zone True 3-D LIDAR System Multi-look Scan Pattern for Operations in High- Clutter SZ Environment Compact for TUAV BZ Multispectral SZ/VSW Monochrome

12 Provides Superior Performance for UAV Applications
ROAR is True 3-D LIDAR Data Cube 3D Camera Flying Spot 3-D Camera Single Voxel STIL Range-Gated Camera Provides Superior Performance for UAV Applications

13 Object Below Water Line Rotated Image of Object
ROAR Flight Test 3-D Camera Data Depth Slices (6 of 44) Intensity Object Water Line Point Cloud Water Surface Object Below Water Line Rotated Image of Object Water Line 3-D Flash LIDAR Supports Development of Real-Time Target Recognition Algorithms

14 ROAR Flight Test ROAR System Integrated on Helicopter Eglin Test Site ROAR System Demonstrated Day/Night Automated Detections in the BZ / SZ

15 Tactical UAV Sensors for Detection of Buried Minefields in the BZ
Objective COBRA Block III Performance Objectives Buried Mine Field Detection Beach Zone (BZ) Program Description Active and Passive Imagers Laser Interferometric Sensor Complete Burial System Issues Soil and Target Interaction Soil Moisture and Water Coverage Uniqueness of Target Signature False Alarms Dynamic Boundary

16 Laser Interferometric Sensor
Offers potential to detect buried targets in wet and dry sand environment System combines an acoustic source to excite the target and the surrounding area with a laser-based electro-optic imaging technique Measures the differences in the mechanical response of the ground directly above a buried target with that of the surrounding area. Laser-Based Electro-Optic Imager Acoustic Source Burial Depth

17 Laser Interferometric Sensor Static Tests
Natural Environment Acoustic Source on the Ground Detected Buried Mines Clutter Yielded “No Signal” or a Significantly Distorted Pattern Consistent Results

18 Laser Interferometric Sensor 1st Flight Test
Acoustic Source Target Field Sensor Detected Buried Anti-Tank Mines and IED-Type Targets

19 Status Rapid Overt Airborne Reconnaissance (ROAR)
Transitioned Technology to PMS-495 (28 April 2011) Laser Interferometric Sensor (LIS) Preparations are Underway for a Second Flight Test Sensor & acoustic source will be onboard the helicopter

20 Precision Assault Navigation and Assault Lane Marking
Objective Demonstrate Precision Navigation for MCM Assets Operating in the Littorals Description Virtual Marking of Lanes / Obstacles Augmented Reality Virtual Common Operational Picture (ARVCOP) Higher Accuracy GPS Positions MCM Precision GPS Ephemeris Distribution System (MCM PGE DS) ARVCOP GPS Effectiveness Issues GPSOC Update frequency of orbit and clock data Accuracy of GPS Positions and Attitudes Combined Navigation and Imagery Data Gateway TCS MCM PGE DS

21 MCM PGE Distribution System Worldwide AF & NGA GPS Tracking Sites
Fire Scout Position Accuracy 1 meter RMS Target Location Error (TLE) 2-3 meters RMS GPS Worldwide AF & NGA GPS Tracking Sites GPSOC SIPRNET MCM TCS AAV with ARVCOP Cross Track Error (CTE) 4 m (mean), STDEV 2.9 m SIPRNET EPLRS COM LINK Precision Navigation Reduces Amount of Ordnance Required to Breach Assault Lanes

22 Status ARVCOP MCM PGE Distribution System Transitioned on 7 Jun 10
PMS-495 awarded TSI a contract to install units on AAVs MCM PGE Distribution System Working with PMS-495, Army and NGA* to implement onto BFT node on the global communications network NGA continuing development of compatible software that will provide future accuracy enhancements * National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

23 Drifting Mines Change Locations Making Reacquisition Impossible
Detection and Neutralization of Surface and Near-Surface Drifting/Oscillating Mines MOORED Surface / Near-Surface Drifting and Oscillating Mines MOORED MOORED Stationary BOTTOM BOTTOM BOTTOM Drifting Mines Change Locations Making Reacquisition Impossible

24 Compact Modular Sensor / Processing Suite (CMSS)
Synthetic Aperture Radar Passive Electro-Optic (EO) 3-D Flash LIDAR Onboard Classification Integrate Wide-Area Detection, Classification, Localization In-Situ Characterization of the Environment Real-time, Onboard Classification Integrate Coordinate Enables Concurrent Detection & Neutralization

25 Mine Drift Prediction TDA
Oceanographic Models Waves, Winds, Currents Drift Models Models for Drift of Objects Remote Sensing Algorithms Directional Wave Spectrum Onboard Prediction of Mine Drift Stand-Alone Software Service Compatible with MIW C2 (e.g. MEDAL-EA, EPMA and NSAM) Predicted Surface Currents MEDAL Bathymetry Database Tailored Tactical Picture Enable Real-Time Adaptable MCM Operations in Areas Threatened by Drifting Mines

26 Summary Transitions Have Contributed to Closing Gap
Capacity/Capability to Clear Large Areas of Mines Transitions Completed Since Last Meeting Include: ROAR JABS (VSW) ARVCOP MCM PGE Distribution System (Pending) UAV-Deployed Sensor for Buried Mines – Ends in FY11 Significant Discovery for Standoff Detection Other Organizations Interested in the Technology New FY12 FNC Program for Drifting / Oscillating Mines Technology Transition Agreement (TTA) is in Staffing ONR BAA Should be Published by 1 June 2011

27 Assault Breaching Technologies Update
MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

28 Movies

29 ARVCOP AAV Test Back

30 ROAR Flight Test Back

31 LIS Flight Test Back

32 JABS Flight Test Back

33 ROAR 3-D Water Tank Back

34 ROAR Underwater Target Detection

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