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Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) 696-3351 MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) 696-3351 MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

2 2011 MINWARA 2 Enabling Capability: MCM for Maneuver Assure Access to Enable OMFTS/STOM

3 2011 MINWARA 3 Ship-To-Objective Maneuver –Wide area surveillance to enable maneuver –Clandestine reconnaissance to prepare the battlespace –Rapid overt mine and obstacle reconnaissance –Data Fusion to accelerate the planning process –Timely MCM common tactical picture to enable maneuver –Stand-off breaching of mines and obstacles in BZ/SZ –Stand-off neutralization of individual mines in VSW –Autonomous, high speed compact influence sweep –Precision localization and navigation from VSW to BEZ –Rapid Follow On Clearance Capabilities:

4 2011 MINWARA 4 Mine and Obstacle Breaching S&T Strategy Spiral Development Approach JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Precision guided bombs for surface laid BZ/SZ mines and obstacles Advanced Warhead Development: Countermine darts with greater kill radius & effectiveness against buried BZ/SZ mines JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Extend BZ/SZ capability to neutralization of VSW Mines Develop a Precision Breaching Capability Key enablers include ISR, Weapon Precision Guidance, and Precision Navigation Delivery by Naval TACAIR, USAF Bombers

5 2011 MINWARA 5 MK-84 Standoff Delivery Platform GBU-31(V)2/B JDAM Tail Kit JABS Beach Zone / Surf Zone Surface Laid Mines and Obstacles Dispenser CM Darts MODS Beach Zone / Surf Zone Surface Laid & Buried Mines Mine & Obstacle Breaching Systems Transitioned to PMS-495

6 2011 MINWARA 6 JABS in the VSW 40’ 15’ 25’ 10 msec 25 msec Objective Extend Breaching Capability Previously Demonstrated in the BZ/SZ to the VSW Effectiveness Issues Weapon Stability in VSW Time of Weapon Detonation Lethality against VSW Mines Moored / Bottom Targets Standoff Delivery

7 2011 MINWARA 7 JABS in VSW Underwater Trajectory –Inert Weapons –Underwater Video –Alignment of Impact Points All Targets Were Neutralized Lethality –Live Weapons –Moored and Bottom Mines

8 2011 MINWARA 8 JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for BZ/SZ –Transitioned on 28 Feb 05 –Fielded via DOTMLPF CR*: Signed by JROC on 1 May 06 Mine and Obstacle Defeat System (MODS) –Transitioned on 30 Mar 07 –Successful Program of Record: Countermine System (CMS) JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for VSW –Updated Mission Planner –Transitioned on 19 Oct 10 Status * Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and Facilities Change Recommendation

9 2011 MINWARA 9 Spiral Development of COBRA* Block II (IOC / FY15) –Night Operations –Detection in Surf Zone Block III (IOC / FY18) –Buried Mines Block I (IOC / FY11) –Daytime Operations –Surface Mines –Obstacles –Detection in BZ * Coastal Battlefield Reconnaissance and Analysis

10 2011 MINWARA 10 Foam, Glint, Waves, Clutter, Turbidity, Currents Complex Detection Issues False Alarms Contrast Burial Dynamic Boundary Beach Zone (BZ) Surf Zone (SZ) and Very Shallow Water (VSW)

11 2011 MINWARA 11 BZ Multispectral SZ/VSW Monochrome COBRA Block II –Night Operations –Detection in Surf Zone Active Multi-spectral –Day/Night Operations –BZ/SZ Optimized for Surf Zone True 3-D LIDAR System Multi-look Scan Pattern for Operations in High- Clutter SZ Environment Compact for TUAV Rapid, Overt, Airborne, Reconnaissance (ROAR)

12 2011 MINWARA 12 3-D Camer a Provides Superior Performance for UAV Applications ROAR is True 3-D LIDAR Data Cube Single Voxel Flying Spot Range-Gated Camera STIL 3D Camera

13 2011 MINWARA 13 ROAR Flight Test 3-D Camera Data Rotated Image of Object Object Object Below Water Line Water Line Depth Slices (6 of 44) 3-D Flash LIDAR Supports Development of Real-Time Target Recognition Algorithms Water Surface Point Cloud Intensity

14 2011 MINWARA 14 ROAR Flight Test ROAR System Eglin Test Site ROAR System Integrated on Helicopter Demonstrated Day/Night Automated Detections in the BZ / SZ

15 2011 MINWARA 15 Program Description –Active and Passive Imagers –Laser Interferometric Sensor Objective –COBRA Block III Performance Objectives –Buried Mine Field Detection –Beach Zone (BZ) System Issues –Soil and Target Interaction –Soil Moisture and Water Coverage –Uniqueness of Target Signature –False Alarms Complete Burial Dynamic Boundary Tactical UAV Sensors for Detection of Buried Minefields in the BZ

16 2011 MINWARA 16 Burial Depth Offers potential to detect buried targets in wet and dry sand environment System combines an acoustic source to excite the target and the surrounding area with a laser-based electro-optic imaging technique Measures the differences in the mechanical response of the ground directly above a buried target with that of the surrounding area. Laser Interferometric Sensor Acoustic Source Laser-Based Electro-Optic Imager

17 2011 MINWARA 17 Laser Interferometric Sensor Static Tests Natural Environment Acoustic Source on the Ground Detected Buried Mines Clutter Yielded “No Signal” or a Significantly Distorted Pattern Consistent Results

18 2011 MINWARA 18 Acoustic Source Detected Buried Anti-Tank Mines and IED-Type Targets Sensor Target Field Laser Interferometric Sensor 1 st Flight Test

19 2011 MINWARA 19 Rapid Overt Airborne Reconnaissance (ROAR) Transitioned Technology to PMS-495 (28 April 2011) Laser Interferometric Sensor (LIS) Preparations are Underway for a Second Flight Test –Sensor & acoustic source will be onboard the helicopter Status

20 2011 MINWARA 20 Description Update frequency of orbit and clock data Accuracy of GPS Positions and Attitudes Combined Navigation and Imagery Data Objective Demonstrate Precision Navigation for MCM Assets Operating in the Littorals Effectiveness Issues Virtual Marking of Lanes / Obstacles –Augmented Reality Virtual Common Operational Picture (ARVCOP) Higher Accuracy GPS Positions –MCM Precision GPS Ephemeris Distribution System (MCM PGE DS) GPSOC Gateway TCS MCM PGE DS ARVCOP GPS Precision Assault Navigation and Assault Lane Marking

21 2011 MINWARA 21 SIPRNET GPSOC MCM TCS SIPRNET Precision Navigation Reduces Amount of Ordnance Required to Breach Assault Lanes EPLRS COM LINK GPS Worldwide AF & NGA GPS Tracking Sites Fire Scout Position Accuracy  1 meter RMS Target Location Error (TLE)  2-3 meters RMS AAV with ARVCOP Cross Track Error (CTE)  4 m (mean), STDEV 2.9 m MCM PGE Distribution System

22 2011 MINWARA 22 ARVCOP –Transitioned on 7 Jun 10 –PMS-495 awarded TSI a contract to install units on AAVs MCM PGE Distribution System –Working with PMS-495, Army and NGA* to implement onto BFT node on the global communications network –NGA continuing development of compatible software that will provide future accuracy enhancements Status * National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

23 2011 MINWARA 23 Surface / Near-Surface Drifting and Oscillating Mines BOTTOM MOORED BOTTOM Stationary Detection and Neutralization of Surface and Near-Surface Drifting/Oscillating Mines Drifting Mines Change Locations Making Reacquisition Impossible

24 2011 MINWARA 24 Synthetic Aperture Radar Passive Electro-Optic (EO) 3-D Flash LIDAR Onboard Classification Wide-Area Detection, Classification, Localization In-Situ Characterization of the Environment Real-time, Onboard Classification Enables Concurrent Detection & Neutralization Compact Modular Sensor / Processing Suite (CMSS) Integrate Coordinate

25 2011 MINWARA 25 Oceanographic Models –Waves, Winds, Currents Drift Models –Models for Drift of Objects Remote Sensing Algorithms –Directional Wave Spectrum Enable Real-Time Adaptable MCM Operations in Areas Threatened by Drifting Mines Mine Drift Prediction TDA Onboard Prediction of Mine Drift Stand-Alone Software Service Compatible with MIW C2 (e.g. MEDAL-EA, EPMA and NSAM) Predicted Surface CurrentsTailored Tactical PictureMEDAL Bathymetry Database

26 2011 MINWARA 26 Transitions Have Contributed to Closing Gap –Capacity/Capability to Clear Large Areas of Mines Transitions Completed Since Last Meeting Include: –ROAR –JABS (VSW) –ARVCOP –MCM PGE Distribution System (Pending) UAV-Deployed Sensor for Buried Mines – Ends in FY11 –Significant Discovery for Standoff Detection –Other Organizations Interested in the Technology New FY12 FNC Program for Drifting / Oscillating Mines –Technology Transition Agreement (TTA) is in Staffing –ONR BAA Should be Published by 1 June 2011 Summary

27 Mr. Brian Almquist Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems Office of Naval Research (703) MINWARA Spring 2011 Regional Conference DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

28 2011 MINWARA 28 Movies

29 2011 MINWARA 29 Back ARVCOP AAV Test

30 2011 MINWARA 30 ROAR Flight Test Back

31 2011 MINWARA 31 LIS Flight Test Back

32 2011 MINWARA 32 JABS Flight Test Back

33 2011 MINWARA 33 ROAR 3-D Water Tank Back

34 2011 MINWARA 34 ROAR Underwater Target Detection Back

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