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Greenwich Village and The Washington Square Arch By Cindy Lozito and Darren Panicali.

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Presentation on theme: "Greenwich Village and The Washington Square Arch By Cindy Lozito and Darren Panicali."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greenwich Village and The Washington Square Arch By Cindy Lozito and Darren Panicali

2 Overview: Exploring the Architecture and Its History in: -Greenwich Village -Washington Square Park -The Washington Square Arch

3 Greenwich Village History

4  Federal  Greek Revival  Italianate  French Second Empire  Queen Anne






10 Washington Square Park

11 Square’s History Previously a marsh with a brook running through Converted to a “Potter’s Field,” or common burial ground, in 1797 A gallows was allegedly once located there Converted to a parade ground in 1826 Established as a public park in 1827 Now includes dog runs, chess tables, playgrounds, gardens, and plenty of trees Currently under renovation; over $3 million have gone into this in the past few years

12 Original Design vs. Current Layout

13 From Driving Passageway to Pedestrians’ Paradise, 1971 (Thanks to Square Re-designer Robert Nichols) 

14 Some Park Architecture: The Washington Square Fountain Aesthetic centerpiece first established in 1872 Renovated several times like the arch Used be closer to the southern end of the park Now aligned with the arch closer to the north as a wading pool-style fountain

15 Some Park Architecture: Giuseppe Garibaldi Statue Italian hero Exiled from Italy Lead insurrections in the name of Italian unity/freedom He draws his sword as if still fighting today

16 Some Park Architecture: Alexander Holley Statue Inventor of the Bessemer process of making steel Revolutionized steel-using industries in America Stone base uses Greek details

17 And Finally: The Washington Square Arch

18 Historical Context of the Arch Finished and celebrated on April 30, 1889, in honor of the centennial of Washington’s inauguration and erected as a permanent memorial to him. Originally made of wood and stucco but redone in marble in 1891 Architects: Charles McKim, William Mead, and Stanford White. (They were also famous in helping to design Penn Station, Madison Square Garden, the Municipal Building, the Harvard Club, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, among many other buildings.)

19 Historical Context of the Arch (cont’d) Skeletal remains found during excavation for the piers; hinted at burial grounds With the transition of driving to walking under the arch, it became a welcoming symbol for people, inviting leisurely walking and marveling at the arch’s sheer grandeur. Original arch was 77 feet tall, but marble version stands at 72 ½ feet. Eroded by time, weather, corrosion, and animals, so in 2004, it was renovated for $2.7 million. Inscription at top reads: “Let us raise a standard to which the wise and the honest can repair. The event is in the hand of God. — Washington”

20 Original Arch vs. Current Arch 

21 Influence of the Beaux-Arts Arc de Triumphe from Paris Beaux-arts is a form of eclectic neo-classicism that displays the following: Enormous sizeImmense Archways Stone materialSymmetry Lavish relief decorationsExtraordinary detail with classical influences Naturalism in sculpture

22 Bas Relief Insignias and other designs are etched into the stone but don’t jut off of it

23 Coffered Ceiling Decorated, amazingly symmetrical squares worked into the stone

24 Console bracket keystones Scroll-shaped (“console”) Located at apex of arch as a keystone Keeps parts in position as a bracket

25 Frieze: Alternating Wreaths Frieze – Wall, often decorated, above columns/piers Patterned with wreaths; every other has a star inside Wreaths connected by olive branches and W’s

26 Washington’s Likenesses Displays dualism of Washington, as a man of both war and peace, whichever is appropriate; he always knew which one was. Invokes realist influences Washington as President, Accompanied by Wisdom and Justice by Alexander Stirling Calder. Erected in 1918. Washington as Commander-in-Chief, Accompanied by Fame and Valor by Hermon MacNeil. Erected in 1916.

27 Bibliography for Information and Images shingtonsquarepark/highlights/6537 d/download.php?downloadFile=WSP_E AS/appendix_3.pdf WASH.htm s_attractions/arc_de_triomphe.cfm fountains-youth bigmap/manhattan/villages/greenwich /washingtonsquarepark/index.htm shingtonsquarepark/highlights/9754 odsstyles/ig/Historic-Styles/Beaux- Arts.-0cU.htm Landmarks Preservation Commission. Greenwich Village Historic District Designation Report. Vol. 1. New York: City of New York, 1969. Print. odsstyles/ig/House-Styles/Federal.htm odsstyles/ig/House-Styles/saratoga-jc- 3180005.htm odsstyles/ig/House- Styles/Italianate.htm /C8/ 9@N04/3574353039/


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