Presentation on theme: "A Midsummer Night’s Dream. William Shakespeare His Life and Times April 23,1564 April 23,1616 What do you know about…"— Presentation transcript:
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
William Shakespeare His Life and Times April 23,1564 April 23,1616 What do you know about…
Born April 23, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon April 23 rd is St. George’s Day in England §Parents were John and Mary Arden Shakespeare §John was a glove maker and town official. §They lived and worked on Henley Street in Stratford.
Gardens at Henley Street
Second floor bedroom on Henley
Mary Arden’s parents lived at Wilmcote. §She was the youngest of eight daughters. §She could read and do math, but probably could not write much more than her signature.
Back of the Ardens’ house
William was born in the reign of Elizabeth I, one of the greatest rulers of England. Her rule became known as the Elizabethan Age. It was the age of exploration. Virginia was named for her.
Elizabeth I, Armada Portrait, c1588
William was baptized at Holy Trinity Church on April 26, 1564, as Gulielmus Filius Johannes Shakespeare, son of John.
King Edward VI Grammar School for Boys While there are no records that William attended grammar school, historians accept that he did attend the School since his father was a town official and merchant.
Boys began school at 7:00 A.M., went home for lunch, and finished at 5:00 or 6:00 P.M. Only families who could afford it sent their sons to school.
Desk from Guildhall School where Shakespeare studied... §Latin §Greek §Mathematics §Ancient history §Astronomy §Mythology §Drama §Poetry
When William was a boy of 11, Elizabeth I visited nearby Kenilworth Castle.
Kenilworth Castle today
On November 28, 1582 the Bishop of Worcester issued the marriage bond for "William Shagspere" and "Ann Hathwey of Stratford."
William was 18, and Anne was 26 when they were married.
Another view of the thatching.
What Shakespeare did between his wedding and when he first appeared in London is based on theory. A William Shagspere or Shakstick taught in counties in the north of England. With a grammar school education, he would have been qualified for these boys’ only private schools.
Anne and William had 3 children in this time, Susannah first and twins Judith and Hamnet, who died when he was11. The burial register states Hamnet, son of William Shakespeare, 11 th of August, 1596.
William Shakespeare’s name appears in London records around 1590, and A Midsummer’s Night Dream is first presented by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men troupe between 1595 and A copy of the play was published in
The river is the Thames. This is Southwark Cathedral in the foreground, where Shakespeare worshipped…
Where he had to pay extra to have his brother Edmond buried in the morning rather than in the afternoon when his plays were performed...
And where we can find a memorial to Shakespeare.
The cathedral is not far from the Globe Theatre where his company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, performed their plays. Shakespeare owned a 13% share in the company, which changed its name in 1603 to the King’s Men when King James I inherited the throne when his cousin Elizabeth I died.
the Globe Theatre during Shakespeare’s time
The new Globe Theater was opened in It sits 3 blocks from the site of Shakespeare’s Globe which is underneath a parking lot and an apartment building.
thatching the roof of the New Globe Theatre in 1998
Globe Theatre, then and now
The New Globe Theatre in London Audience members in front of the stage are called groundlings.
A groundling’s view
View from the first tier of seats
Balcony and roof of stage
In the "Accounts of the Revels at Court" from 1604, there is an entry that says: "By the Kings Maiesties plaiers. Hallamas Day being the first of Nouembar, A play in the Banketinge house att Whithall called The Moor of Venis. Shaxberd."
A play is about to begin…
All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players.
Types of Shakespeare’s Plays Comedies All’s Well That Ends Well As You Like It The Comedy of Errors Cymbeline Love’s Labours Lost Measure for Measure The Merry Wives of Windsor The Merchant of Venice A Midsummer Night’s Dream Much Ado about Nothing Pericles, Prince of Tyre Taming of the Shrew The Tempest Troilus and Cressida Twelfth Night Two Gentlemen of Verona Winter’s Tale Histories Henry IV, Part I Henry IV, Part II Henry V Henry VI, Part I Henry VI, Part II Henry VI, Part III Henry VIII King John Richard II Richard III Tragedies Antony and Cleopatra Coriolanus Hamlet Julius Caesar King Lear Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet Timon of Athens Titus Andronicus
Words & phrases from Shakespeare §Moonbeam (A Midsummer Night's Dream) §or goodness’ sake – Henry VIII §Dead as a doornail – 2 Henry VI §Knock knock! Who’s there? – Macbeth §Star-crossed lovers – Romeo & Juliet §Bedroom – A Midsummer’s Night Dream §Play fast and loose – King John §Wild-goose chase – Romeo & Juliet §A rose by any other name – Romeo & Juliet §Too much of a good thing – As You Like It §Fancy-free (Midsummer Night's Dream) §Assassination – Macbeth §Ladybird – Rome & Juliet §Zany – Love’s Labor Lost §http://www.rhymezone.com/g/shakespeare/coinages//http://www.rhymezone.com/g/shakespeare/coinages//
Shakespeare retired to Stratford in 1611 to his newly purchased home, New Place, one of the best houses in town. It was torn down in the late 1600’s by a man who grew tired of tourists. Google images
His mulberry tree in the garden
More garden views
Shakespeare’s holdings in Stratford
William Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616, and was buried inside Holy Trinity Church near the altar.
Altar at Holy Trinity Church where Shakespeare is buried
His memorial overlooking his grave
Shakespeare’s monument at Stratford-on-Avon
All’s Well That Ends Well §Birth and death dates §Hometown §Parents’ names §Wife’s and children’s names §Burial place §Theatre’s place and name §Acting troupe §Actors’ qualities §Number and types of plays §Rulers of England
Shakespeare’s cousin, Edgar Arden, was hanged, drawn, and quartered for his supposed aid to a Catholic plot to assassinate Elizabeth I in 1573.