Presentation on theme: "Tuesday Islamic Quiz Early Medieval Tomorrow: Medieval Worksheet DUE! Unit 4 Test : Next Monday! Chapters : Early Christian, Byzantine, Islamic & Medieval."— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday Islamic Quiz Early Medieval Tomorrow: Medieval Worksheet DUE! Unit 4 Test : Next Monday! Chapters : Early Christian, Byzantine, Islamic & Medieval.
DEVELOPMENT OF BOOKS The transition from the scroll to the bound book in this period was critical in the preservation and transmission of learning in Europe. Illuminated manuscripts are among the most important art objects created during the Early Middle Ages. Understand the process of bookmaking, copying, and illustrating that was developed during this period. CHARLEMAGNE'S PROJECT Charlemagne's attempt to revive the arts and create a culture along the lines of ancient Rome is the historical background for the most important period of art in the Early Middle Ages. His accomplishments and their influence, especially Carolingian miniscule and monastery design, are key concepts INTERLACE Ribbon interlace and animal interlace were used as decoration on a variety of art objects from Sweden, Norway, and the British Isles. Themes of animal interlace to the presumed religious beliefs of the people that developed it. KEY CONCEPTS for the EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIOD
Three Basic parts to Early Medieval Era: Fall of Western Empire (5 th Century): Anglo-Saxons (Warrior Lords) Migration Period Western Empire now broken up amongst the Goths, Angles, Saxons and Franks… Known for the ‘animal style’ that is prevalent in this period… Chi Rho Iota from the Book of Kells OTTONIAN Periods (950-1050): The Three German Ottos known for uniting the region under a common Christian Rule again.
The Anglo Saxons (warrior lords ) Very few surviving work to tell us about the people of the time. Sm. Portable “status symbol” objects Tradition of Kings/ Queens buried with rich belongings Beowulf (8 th -11 th Century)
Purse cover, from the Sutton Hoo ship burial (Suffolk, England), c. 625, gold, glass, and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds
art of migratory people/ predatory subject matter/ interlaced pattern zoomorphic (abstract animal forms)
Two views of the Oseberg ship (Oslo) discovered beneath burial mound bodies and precious objects (many stolen)
Animal head post, from the Oseberg ship burial (Norway), c. 825, wood Vikings/ fusion of interlaced pattern and the animal form/ gruesome rituals of human sacrifice/mastery wood carving/ fusion of warrior lord expression with animal forms and interlace pattern
Hiberno- Saxon (Celts) & Illuminated Manuscripts Christianization of the Celts in 5 th century Irish monastic establishments created. Produces many illuminated manuscripts –Primary vehicles in effort to Christianize –Spread word of God to illiterate population –Books seen as treasures –Handmade/ monks/ copied/ before printing press
Cross and carpet page from the Lindisfarne Gospels (Northumbria, England), c. 698- 721, tempera on vellum early Medieval manuscript The Cross/ symmetry/ zoomorphic forms intermingling lines
use of serpents, dragons, and other fantastic animals
Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca 698-721. HIBERNO-SAXON ART
Varied styles within the Book of Lindisfarne/ St. Matthew (apostle)/ sacred act of copying images/ flat line and color- no volume/ winged man symbol
Chi-rho-iota page from the Book of Kells (Iona, Scotland), late eighth or early ninth century use of abbreviations Initial letters of Christ in Greek/ chi- (x) rho (p) iota (I)/ curves and ripples Biblical text into abstract pattern
High Cross of Muiredach (Monasterboice, County Louth, Ireland), 923 Celtic Cross (circle & cross) large mass and scale/ love of pattern/ wheel and the circle/ transom/ crucified and Christ risen on each side/ souls weighed on scales
CAROLINGIAN Period (768-814): Charlemagne crowned King of the Franks in 768 and Roman Emperor (r. 800-814) Charlemagne came to be seen as the first Holy (that is, Christian) Roman Emperor. Cathedral of Aachen promoted the ‘three-part elevation’ to Churches… Education to the people through art and illuminated manuscripts, like the Ebbo Gospels
Why do we call it Carolingian Art? Coronated at Saint Peter’s basilica in Rome, built by Constantine, the first Roman emperor to embrace Christianity. He gave his name (Carolus Magnus in Latin) to an entire era, the Carolingian period. Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne (Metz, Germany), early ninth century
Equestrian/ parading, not in action/ imperial rob/ glove –symbol of world domination/ Revive Roman Empire
Saint Matthew folio from the Coronation Gospel Book of Charlemagne (Aachen, Germany), c. 800-810, ink and tempera on vellum Charlemagne/ Aachen/ reliance on classical prototypes for artistic inspiration/
Saint Matthew from the Ebbo Gospels (Hautvillers, near Reims, France), c. 816-835, ink and tempera on vellum classical calm replaced by a frenzy of energy classical illusionism merged with linear northern linear tradition
Saint Luke from the Ebbo Gospels (Hautvillers, near Reims, France), c. 816-835, ink and tempera on vellum
Crucifixion, front cover of the Lindau Gospels, ca. 870 The golden cover of the Lindau Gospels. pearls and jewels that are raised on golden claw feet so that they can catch and reflect the light. The figures are rendered in repoussé, or hammered or pressed relief. The youthful Christ brings to mind the beardless unsuffering Christ of the fifth-century ivory casket from Italy. This single eclectic work displays the classical and native stylistic poles of Carolingian art side by side. Carolingian Art
Left: front cover of the Lindau Gospels, c. 870, gold Below: back cover
Cover of the Psalter of Charles the Bald (St. Denis, France), c. 865, ivory panel set in silver-gilt with filigree work and precious stones rich, decorated surfaces/ continued intellectual and artistic endeavors during the Carolingian period
Monday Finish Early Medieval Go over Unit 4 Exam Turn in Medieval WKST for Late Grade. Tomorrow: Unit 4 Test –Must have an excused absence to miss test. Parent email/ call. Otherwise it’s all Essay Test.
Odo of Metz. Interior of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne (Aachen, Germany), 792-805 modeled after San Vitale (Ravenna)/ clear structural articulation/ eastern feel: octogan shape/ striped arches/ basilica-central plan Important Relics: cloak of Virgin Mary, Loin cloth of Christ on cross
Abbey church of Corvey (Westphalia), Germany, c. 873-5 only Carolingian westwork to survive westwork: “façade with towers” castle or fortress like stairs in tower provided access to upper stories 2 nd floor-2 story chapel w/ aisle and gallery on 3 sides
THURSDAY Turn in medieval worksheets for late grade Finish Early Medieval: The Ottonians Sister Wendy: Art History Video Tomorrow: REVIEW MONDAY: UNIT 4 EXAM!!!!! Will put up review images online tonight
Ottonians 30 yrs after Charlemegne’s death, the empire was divided by his three grand children Mid 10 th century- newline of emperors- Ottonians consolidated eastern part of Charlemagnes former empire. Sought to preserve & enrich the culture and tradition of Carolingian period
Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero for Cologne Cathedral, c. 970, painted wood Archbishop Gero/ suffering on a monumental scale/ INRI (Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum)
Ottonian Art Crucifixion, commissioned by Archbishop Gero ca. 970 This Crucifix, carved in oak and then painted and gilded, epitomizes the revival of interest in monumental sculpture during this period. The six-foot-tall image of Christ nailed to the cross is both statue and reliquary [a shrine for sacred relics].
Annunciation to the Shepherds, from the Lectionary of Henry II (Reichenau, Germany), 1002- 1014 clarity and confidence expressed by line quality
Washing of Peter’s feet, from the Gospel Book of Otto III, c. 1000
Page of Christ Washing the Feet of His Disciples Gospels of Otto III, c. 1000 This manuscript painting, done about 1000 CE, is a scene of humility, but during the next 200 years, the Romanesque period, the emperors, kings, popes and abbots lavish their material resources on churches to glorify God and recreate an image of the heavenly Jerusalem on earth.