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Great Wall of China. The Burial Chamber Terracotta Warriors In 1974, farmers digging in a field near the ancient city of Xian encountered a long-forgotten.

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Presentation on theme: "Great Wall of China. The Burial Chamber Terracotta Warriors In 1974, farmers digging in a field near the ancient city of Xian encountered a long-forgotten."— Presentation transcript:

1 Great Wall of China

2 The Burial Chamber

3 Terracotta Warriors In 1974, farmers digging in a field near the ancient city of Xian encountered a long-forgotten pit. Archaeologists found 8000 life-sized terracotta warriors. Dressed in full battle gear, the warrior had been standing in place for more than 2000 years. They were guarding the body of Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor. UE-ZtcUFg UE-ZtcUFg

4 The Burial Chamber It took 70,000 workers 38 years to construct the burial site. The chamber contained: bronze chariots a pearl-studded ceiling that looked like a star-studded sky the remains of a glistening river of mercury that once ran through the chamber.

5 Up Close and Personal - the facial features of every one of the 8000 warriors are different.

6 Qin Shi Juang, Uniting China, and Reforms Who was Qin Shi Huang? How did he unite China? What were his reforms?

7 The First Great Wall Why was it built? What purpose did it serve? Where was it built? How was it built?

8 The Ming Wall What important building feature did the Ming Dynasty use for building the additional wall? Explain the engineering process. How did they beautify the existing wall?

9 The Manchu Dynasty Who were the Manchu? What special services are the Mongols responsible for developing? Who replaced the Qing Dynasty?

10 Discussion Questions What does the building of the Great Wall tell us about Chinese history and culture? How important is it that the Great Wall of China has survived through the centuries and remains standing today? J7JWFU&feature=related J7JWFU&feature=related

11 What does the building of the Great Wall tell us about Chinese history and culture? What does the building of the Great Wall tell us about Chinese history and culture? How important is it that the Great Wall of China has survived through the centuries and remains standing today? How important is it that the Great Wall of China has survived through the centuries and remains standing today? The building of the Great Wall tells us that: - China had hostile relations with its neighbours, particularly the Mongols to the north. - the military played an important role in Chinese society - ancient Chinese culture had advanced engineering technology - the Chinese valued beauty and decoration It is very important because the wall contains a great deal of information about the history of China. The wall’s architectural grandeur and historical purpose are important symbols of China’s past.

12 The Wall Today


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