Presentation on theme: "Mi’kmaq Studies Ceremonies and Rituals. What are ceremonies and rituals? What are some ceremonies and rituals that we take part in today? What do they."— Presentation transcript:
Mi’kmaq Studies Ceremonies and Rituals
What are ceremonies and rituals? What are some ceremonies and rituals that we take part in today? What do they look, sound and feel like? Write down your ideas.
Ceremonies and Rituals A ritual is order of a ceremony A ceremony is a formal act or procedure that is customary to a particular culture.
Mi’kmaq Ceremonies Mi’kmaq connect with their culture and spirituality by taking part in traditional ceremonies and rituals The traditional Mi’kmaq cultural ceremonies are not as widely practiced today due to assimilation into European culture To keep their culture alive, it is important that the Mi’kmaq continue to take part in the ceremonies and rituals of theirs ancestors
Pow Wow Preserve heritage Renew old friendships and make new ones Visiting Dancing Singing
Fasting A person must fast for four days before they enter some ceremonies (including food, drugs and alcohol) Cleanse the body and spirit to better connect with the Creator
Vision Quest Takes place when a person comes to a critical moment in their life A new direction or better purpose must be chosen Look to the creator for guidance Sacred, personal adventure
Talking Circle Way to discuss and solve problems Only one person talks at a time Everyone gets a chance to talk Respect what others say
Pipe Ceremony Used to exchange information after a period of fasting Usually held by a healer or medicine man
Sweat Lodge Lodge constructed of willow or alder bushes Entrance always faces east Hot rocks placed in the centre People enter and exit many times throughout the ceremony Ceremony is for spiritual cleansing and healing
Smudging Similar to blessing oneself in Catholic faith Done to cleanse the spirit before taking part in a traditional ceremony The smoke from sweet grass, cedar and sage is used for smudging
Sweet Grass Found between bodies of salt and fresh water Signifies spiritual strength, as it is given by Mother Earth Burn sweet grass to purify and cleanse ourselves Done so our ceremonies will be celebrated in a respectful way
Ceremonial Items Drums: The drum is a symbol of spiritual strength for the Mi'kmaq people. It represents the heartbeat of the people. Cedar: Used for smudging in traditional ceremonies Sage: Used for smudging Tobacco: Used in burial ceremonies, pipe ceremonies and to send a message to people in your community to ask for help
Ceremonial Items Rock: Used in sweat lodge ceremony, the rock is being asked to give up it’s life Eagle feather: Way of delivering a message to the Creator Honor to receive and eagle feather Eagle is the only creature to have touched the face of the creator Through the eagle, native people can identify and appreciate the Creator’s spirit among them
A Closer Look at a Pow Wow A Pow Wow in Dartmouth: elated