2 Ceremonies and Rituals What are ceremonies and rituals?What are some ceremonies and rituals that we take part in today? What do they look, sound and feel like?Write down your ideas.
3 Ceremonies and Rituals A ritual is order of a ceremonyA ceremony is a formal act or procedure that is customary to a particular culture.
4 Mi’kmaq CeremoniesMi’kmaq connect with their culture and spirituality by taking part in traditional ceremonies and ritualsThe traditional Mi’kmaq cultural ceremonies are not as widely practiced today due to assimilation into European cultureTo keep their culture alive, it is important that the Mi’kmaq continue to take part in the ceremonies and rituals of theirs ancestors
5 Pow Wow Preserve heritage Renew old friendships and make new ones VisitingDancingSinging
6 FastingA person must fast for four days before they enter some ceremonies (including food, drugs and alcohol)Cleanse the body and spirit to better connect with the Creator
7 Vision QuestTakes place when a person comes to a critical moment in their lifeA new direction or better purpose must be chosenLook to the creator for guidanceSacred, personal adventure
8 Talking Circle Way to discuss and solve problems Only one person talks at a timeEveryone gets a chance to talkRespect what others say
9 Pipe Ceremony Used to exchange information after a period of fasting Usually held by a healer or medicine man
10 Sweat Lodge Lodge constructed of willow or alder bushes Entrance always faces eastHot rocks placed in the centrePeople enter and exit many times throughout the ceremonyCeremony is for spiritual cleansing and healing
11 Smudging Similar to blessing oneself in Catholic faith Done to cleanse the spirit before taking part in a traditional ceremonyThe smoke from sweet grass, cedar and sage is used for smudging
12 Sweet Grass Found between bodies of salt and fresh water Signifies spiritual strength, as it is given by Mother EarthBurn sweet grass to purify and cleanse ourselvesDone so our ceremonies will be celebrated in a respectful way
13 Ceremonial ItemsDrums: The drum is a symbol of spiritual strength for the Mi'kmaq people. It represents the heartbeat of the people.Cedar:Used for smudging in traditional ceremoniesSage:Used for smudgingTobacco:Used in burial ceremonies, pipe ceremonies and to send a message to people in your community to ask for help
14 Ceremonial Items Rock: Used in sweat lodge ceremony, the rock is being asked to give up it’s lifeEagle feather:Way of delivering a message to the CreatorHonor to receive and eagle featherEagle is the only creature to have touched the face of the creatorThrough the eagle, native people can identify and appreciate the Creator’s spirit among them
15 A Closer Look at a Pow Wow A Pow Wow in Dartmouth: elated