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ELENA MANVELYAN, AWHHE, ARMENIA IPEN General Assembly & Global Toxics-Free Future Forum Almaty, Kazakhstan 18th – 22nd October, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "ELENA MANVELYAN, AWHHE, ARMENIA IPEN General Assembly & Global Toxics-Free Future Forum Almaty, Kazakhstan 18th – 22nd October, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 ELENA MANVELYAN, AWHHE, ARMENIA IPEN General Assembly & Global Toxics-Free Future Forum Almaty, Kazakhstan 18th – 22nd October, 2010

2 Why OPs are the Global Concern  Great number of unsafe and obsolete pesticides (OPs) were accumulated across the world threatening human health and the environment  The total estimated volume of OPs in the Central and Eastern Europe ( new member states, the accession countries, EECCA) – more than 200,000 tons  Obsolete pesticides although banned since many years, are still presented in the environment and in agricultural products  OPs seriously risk undermining agricultural trade between the EU and non-EU countries from the former Soviet Union.  OPs could wash into floodwaters

3  Designed in late 70-ties  Created in 1982; clay lock 2,5 m  Contains more then 500 tones of pesticides  Persistent organochlorines toxic chemicals (POPs) compose more than 60% DDT, HCH etc.  Located on the top of the hill, 800 meters away from two villages  Location in the active landslide area  The landslide has been dislocated about 12,5m since 1982  Currently belongs to Yerevan district

4 View of the Obsolete Pesticides Burial Landslide Area Around the Burial

5 Condition of Burial Site in

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7  Sharing Global day of action on POPs in Armenia, UNIDO through IPEP, 2004  Toxic Chemical risk assessment and POPs awareness, information sharing IPEN, Jenifer Altman and Mitchell Kapor Foundation; Tides Foundation. 2001, 2004, 2005)  Environmental security for residents of Ararat Oblast; a burial site of obsolete and banned pesticides in Armenia. IPEP,  Towards Toxic Free Future 4 steps, USAID,  Moving Towards Pesticide Reduction Usage. GGF, 2005  Empowering the Armenian public to take actions towards Environmentally sound waste management IPEN, 2006  SAICM- Global Commitment to Protect Health and the Environment IPEN  Scaling up Experience in Improvement of Chemical Safety to Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Rural Armenia. EU, Joint project with ARNIKA

8 Sampling Results  Out of 150 samples of the soil, water, vegetations 35,3% contained DDT, DDE, HCCH in levels from 3 to 1000 times exceeding “permitted” levels  Out of 42 samples of breast milk 100% contained DDT, DDE, HCCH in levels from traces till 0,3 mg/l (for cow milk permitted level 0.05mg/l) (AWHHE, 2004)

9  Monitoring  Research  Advocacy campaign  Mass media campaign  Lobbing policy makers  Networking with national NGOs and IOs  Collaboration with the Government, Academy institutions and International missions in Armenia  Fundraising  Highlighting the crosscutting nature of the problem

10  Media coverage  Public hearing in Brussels 2003 and 2010  Governmental decision on ensuring of pesticides burial site safety April,2004  AWHHE membership in interagency commission and working groups  Lobbying with OSCE to include burial site in their agenda, providing expertise  Involvement of NGO network in the activities  Implementation of grant projects  Organization of the regional conference in 2007 with participation of IPEN experts

11 Partnership for Achieving Chemical Safety in Armenia Regional Conference 29-31, October, 2007

12  Research activities of AWHHE (sampling, publications, etc)  Public education campaigns brochure, booklets, posters, workshops  Experience and produced materials shared through IPEN and WECF networks  AWHHE technical and informational assistance to an international independent organization and experts (May, 2006; April, 2010) to carry out a preliminary assessment of the pesticides storage sites in Armenia  Participation in international events, supported by IPEN and WECF: new contacts, collaboration and followed up activities

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15 Multilateral Cooperation Mini Public Hearing in Brussels, 2010

16 Temporary Covering of Burial Site is Accomplished

17 Taking the samples from stockpile

18 Film Presentation at UN Office

19  Initiative to raise attention to OPs problem, get obsolete pesticides on the European agenda and aim at a permanent international cooperation instrument

20  There are available alternatives to waste incineration for destruction of POPs pesticides:www.ipen.org ◦ Gas Phase Chemical Reduction ◦ Sodium reduction ◦ Base Catalysed Dechlorination ◦ Solvated electron ◦ Electrochemical ◦ Copper Mediated Destruction ◦ Super-critical water oxidation ◦ Ball milling These alternative technologies were already used to clean up contaminated sites in Central and Eastern Europe  Some of them are expensive, but there are also available emerging cheaper technologies close to commercial scale operation  Use of these technologies to clean up more sites will make them even more accessible to developing countries and countries with economies in transition

21  Final solution to the burial site problem should be the responsibility of the Government through support by an international organization/company with proven experience in this field in countries with similar conditions as in Armenia.  The company should have internationally recognized permits for destruction of the pesticides waste.  The construction of a plant for treatment and destruction of obsolete pesticides in Armenia is not reasonable taking into account the high costs for construction.

22  Health and environmental risk assessment in the close located villages should be carried out  A specific monitoring program should be established and implemented accordingly  Public participation in decision making including public hearing is strongly recommended  The Nubarashen emergency burial site is not the only POPs/Pesticides burial site in Armenia: the problem of clean up and elimination of other OP stockpiles in Armenia should be solved together with burial site problem

23 THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION!


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