10 2. Emperor Justinian a. reigned from 527- 565 CE Autocracy- total rule by one leaderAutocrat- a leader with ABSOLUTE POWER(over gov’t and church)
11 b. There was a Golden Age during his reign. c. He wanted to revive the grandeur of Rome
12 d. The Justinian Code Collection of laws It preserved Roman laws that became the basis for medieval and modern legal systems too.
13 Justinian’s Code of Laws DON’T WRITE!Justinian’s Code of LawsLaws were fairer to women. They could own property and raise their own children after their husbands died.Children allowed to choose their own marriage partners.Slavery was legal and slaves must obey their masters.Punishments were detailed and fit the crimeHis work inspired the modern concept and, indeed, the very spelling of "justice".13
14 Byzantine Under Justinian DON’T WRITE!Byzantine Under JustinianJustinian hired Belisarius, a talented general, to reconquer the Roman territories lost by Germanic invasions14
15 -The strong wife of Justinian e. THEODORA-The strong wife of Justinian
16 DON’T WRITE THIS!“If flight were the only means of safety, still I would not flee. Those who have worn the crown should never survive its loss…Emperor, if you wish to flee, well and good, you have the money, the ships are ready, the sea is clear. But I shall stay. I accept the ancient saying: Royal purple is the best burial sheet.”What did Theodora mean by this quote?
17 - She saved the empire during the Nika Revolt Justinian was going to flee, but Theodora refusedJustinian stayed and crushed rioters30,000 dead in HippodromeDON’T WRITE THIS!
18 The Byzantine Empire Under Justinian 3. EconomyThe Byzantine Empire Under Justinian
19 Byzantines produced: gold, silk, grain, olives and wine. A. Byzantines prospered and were the “New Rome.”B. Traded with China and India on the Silk Road.Byzantines produced: gold, silk, grain, olives and wine.DON’T WRITE!
21 Constantinople: Europe’s busiest marketplace! Silk from ChinaWheat and papyrus from EgyptSpices and gems from IndiaSlaves from Western EuropeFurs from Northern EuropeTin from EnglandWine from FranceCork from SpainIvory and gold from AfricaDON’TWRITE!
22 4. Art & ArchitectureA. The HAGIA SOPHIA (“holy wisdom”) is a church.
32 D. The Hippodrome could hold 60,000 spectators to watch horse races!
33 Where the Hippodrome used to be Where the Hippodrome used to be. The pillars are still where the pillars used to be in the middle of the race track.
34 5. ReligionA. A Schism (permanent split) took place in 1054 between the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church
35 WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE KINDS OF CHRISTIANITY? Roman CatholicEastern OrthodoxWhere?LeaderClergy membersLanguageMost important dayWestern Europe Eastern Europe Byzantine EmpirePope PatriarchVow of chastity Allowed to marryLatin GreekChristmas Easter
37 DON’T WRITE!THINK!How does this picture represent that there became two branches of Christianity after the Roman Empire fell?
38 6. DECLINEA. There were political struggles and constant attacks by invadersB. In 1453, Constantinople fell to the Muslim Ottoman Turks; it was renamed IstanbulThe Hagia Sophia (Church of the Holy Wisdom was turned into Muslim Mosque)
39 DON’T WRITE!In 1453, Ottoman Turks surrounded Constantinople; it took them two months to conquer the city.
40 7. LEGACYByzantines blended Hellenistic culture with Roman law and engineeringClassical Greek and Roman ideas were preserved
41 C. Eastern Orthodoxy-Greek & Russian D. Influenced Eastern Europe (Russian)
42 E. THE CYRILLIC ALPHABET DON’T WRITE!Created by monks of the Byzantine EmpireSpread with Eastern Orthodox religion throughout Greece, Russia, Eastern Europe