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Paleopathology in an Ancestral Pueblo Site: Late Pueblo I to Pueblo II By Cathey Ann Cline Eastern New Mexico University.

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Presentation on theme: "Paleopathology in an Ancestral Pueblo Site: Late Pueblo I to Pueblo II By Cathey Ann Cline Eastern New Mexico University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paleopathology in an Ancestral Pueblo Site: Late Pueblo I to Pueblo II By Cathey Ann Cline Eastern New Mexico University

2 Evidence of Trauma FracturesMalesFemalesUnknownSexTotals Crania 0.0% (0of 6) 13.3% (2 of 15) 3.2% (2 of 63) 4.8% (4 of 84) Fibula 0.0% (0 of 2) 0.0% (0 of 9) 6.7% (1 of 15) 3.8% (1 of 26) Ribs 0.0% (0 of 6) 9.1% (1 of 11) 22.7% (2 of 22) 7.7% (3 of 39)

3 Depression Fracture of the Skull Burial 54

4 Fracture of the Fibula: Kiva Burial

5 Evidence of Activity IndicatorsMaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals CranialFacets 0.0% (0 of 7) 6.7% (1 of 15) 0.0% (0 of 62) 1.2% (1 of 84) Osteophytes 44.4% (4 of 9) 44.4% (8 of 18) 15.0% (6 of 40) 26.9% (18 of 67) Schmorl’sNodes 33.3% (2 of 6) 0.0% (0 of 12) 3.1% (1 of 32) 6.0% (3 of 50) VertebralFractures 16.7% (1 of 6) 16.7% (2 of 12) 9.4% (3 of 32) 12.0% (6 of 50) DeltoidTuberosity 50.0% (3 of 6) 53.8% (7 of 13) 10.7% (3 of 28) 27.7% (13 of 47) GlutealTuberosity 60.0% (3 of 5) 10.9% (6 of 15) 9.1% (5 of 37) 25.5% (14 of 57) SquattingFacets 16.7% (1 of 6) 40.0% (6 of 15) 12.9% (4 of 31) 21.2% (11 of 52)

6 Contact Facet: Base of Skull Close-up of Contact Facet

7 Schmorl’s Node Vertebra: Burial 25

8 Congenital Conditions MaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals Ribbed Ilium 0.0% (0 of 3) 0.0% (0 of 14) 4.8% (1 of 21) 2.6% (1 of 38) Metopic Suture 0.0% (0 of 6) 6.7% (1 of 15) 0.0% (0 of 63) 1.2% (1 of 84) Distorted Tibia 0.0% (0 of 6) 6.7% (1 of 15) 3.2% (1 of 31) 3.8% (2 of 52) Spina Bifida 20.0% (1 of 5) 0.0 (0 of 10) 0.0% (0 of 8) 4.3% (1 of 23)

9 Unfused Metopic Suture: Burial 49

10 Degenerative Conditions MaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals Osteoarthritis 33.3% (2 of 6) 16.7% (2 of 12) 3.1% (1 of 32) 10.0% (5 of 50) TMJ 25.0% (1 of 4) 0.0% (0 of 11) 0.0% (0 of 18) 3.0% (1 of 33) Osteochondritis Dissecans 0.0% (0 of 8) 3.4% (1 of 29) 1.7% (1 of 58) 2.1% (2 of 95) Sternal Porosity 0.0% (0 of 0) 16.7% (1 of 6) 0.0% (0 of 7) 7.7% (1 of 13)

11 Osteochondritis non-dissecans of the Acetabulum: Burials 78 & 10

12 Infectious Disease MaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals Maxillary Sinus 0.0% (0 of 6) 6.7% (1 of 15) 0.0% (0 of 63) 1.2% of 84 Periostitic Reaction 0.0% (0 of 6) 0.0% (0 of 11) 4.5% (1 of 22) 2.6% of 39

13 Effects of Nutritional Deficiency Dietary Deficiency MaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals Porotic Hyperostosis 0.0% (0 of 6) 0.0% (0 of 15) 4.8% (3 of 63) 3.6% (3 of 84)

14 Osteoblastic Tumors MaleFemale Unknown Sex Totals Button Osteomae 0.0% (0 of 6) 6.7% (1 of 15) 3.2%(2 of 63) 3.6% of 84

15 Multiple Button Osteomae of the Skull: Burial 65 Frontal Bone

16 Single Button Osteoma of the Skull: Burial 77 Parietal Bone

17 Chondrosarcoma of the Femoral Metaphysis: Burial 34

18 References Akins, Nancy J A Biocultural Approach to Human Burials from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Reports of the Chaco Center, No. 9. Branch of Cultural Research, National Park Service, Santa Fe A Biocultural Approach to Human Burials from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Reports of the Chaco Center, No. 9. Branch of Cultural Research, National Park Service, Santa Fe. Giacobbe, John A “Demography, Paleopathology, and Activity-Related Anomolies of Human Skeletal Material from the Rio Puerco Valley, Sandoval County, NM. Master’s thesis on file at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales “Demography, Paleopathology, and Activity-Related Anomolies of Human Skeletal Material from the Rio Puerco Valley, Sandoval County, NM. Master’s thesis on file at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales. Miles, James S Orthopedic Problems of the Wetherwill Mesa Populations. Publications in Archaeology 7G, National Park Service, Washington, D.C Orthopedic Problems of the Wetherwill Mesa Populations. Publications in Archaeology 7G, National Park Service, Washington, D.C. Ortner, Donald J Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. 2nd Edition. Academic Press, Amsterdam Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. 2nd Edition. Academic Press, Amsterdam.


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