Presentation on theme: "Cultural Resource Management Law Three Case Studies Broadlawns Medical Center Cell Tower, 2001 Carlisle, Iowa Cell Tower, 2001 James J. Hill House, 2003."— Presentation transcript:
Cultural Resource Management Law Three Case Studies Broadlawns Medical Center Cell Tower, 2001 Carlisle, Iowa Cell Tower, 2001 James J. Hill House, 2003
Purposes: To examine several of cases where CRM laws, especially Section 106, have applied To consider differing outcomes, dependent on conditions of each case
Carlisle, Iowa Cell Tower 2001
Carlisle, Iowa Cell Tower
Parmelee Lumber and Flour Mill 1843 An Early Iowa Industrial Center
Carlisle Brick and Tile, s
Carlisle Brick and Tile Works, 1950s
Overview of Carlisle Project Area Pre-construction
Getting Started: Phase 1
Using Heavy Equipment for Subsurface Testing
Results? A buried brick floor at the tower center-point
A Very Heavy-duty Auger
Auger at Work
Broadlawns Medical Center
Two Woodland Tradition Burial Mounds Damaged
Taking Down the Tower
The crane alone cost about $120,000!
What’s left to get rid of? Plenty!
Unfortunately, only one of the mounds
The Hospital, State Archaeologist, Iowa Indian Advisory Board, and the Cell Phone Company agree on what to do… …rebuild the mounds and restore the area. Howard Matalba Maria Pearson, Shirley Schermer, Steve Dasovich
The Process Selecting Clean Fill Strip off the ground cover
Cleaning up the site
Jackhammer away the top 3’ of the support
Figuring out the height of the mound
Bringing in Fill
Seeding and installing natural ground cover
Watching the grass grow
The Cost? About $1,500,000 $85,000 for landscaping $200,000 for ground work $120,000 for the crane $1,195,000 for two new towers
Digging on the Hillside Archaeology at the James J. Hill House, 2003 Archaeology Prepared by Larry J. Zimmerman
Image, Power, and (Crumbling) Architecture Image & power Gardens & glory As the power fades The irony of time: the archaeology of inequality Homeless people and their “stuff”
The Project: Restoration of Hillside Retaining Walls and Fixing Drainage Problems Drainage issues & damage Big cistern upslope Nothing lasts forever Doing Archaeology before restoration Why do archaeology? Documenting construction methods Documenting current condition of walls Documenting material culture
Drainage Issues The problem starts at the cistern and ends up at the retaining walls downslope.
The Cause? The Big Cistern
Doing Hillside Archaeology UM Practicum in Archaeology –Spring 2003 –15 students –Prof. Fred Cooper Continued excavations through late July Monitored construction until late November
Getting Some Background
Training Students Documentation methods –Note taking –Photography Mapping Excavation techniques –Shovels, trowels, and screens
Why do archaeology? Archaeology can tell us what the received wisdom of oral tradition and documents can’t. Buried Walls & Structural Puzzles Greenhouse walls?
Artifacts from the Buried Wall A shovel blade and flower pot fragments give a clue about what the buried walls are from.
Greenhouse Artifacts in Use Notice the tan and terra cots flowerpots in the lower left.
A sophisticated drainage and watering system The Hillside Cistern Complex
The Upper Garden Cistern
The Lower Garden Cistern
The Mushroom Cave
Other Fun Artifacts 1900 S Barber Dime from a test unit near this spot Did it fall from a pocket?
Previously Unknown Structures
The Archaeology of Homelessness: The Paradoxes of Capitalism The gardens of the ‘Empire Builder of the Northwest’ became a decades-long sanctuary for the homeless who left behind their own material culture.