8 Nobel Prize in Physics (1956) Historical OverviewNobel Prize in Physics (1956)“for their research on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect”
9 Invention of Integrated Circuits Historical OverviewInvention of Integrated CircuitsTexas Instruments-1958Fairchild-1959
10 Nobel Prize in Physics (2000) Historical OverviewNobel Prize in Physics (2000)“For basic work on information and communication technology”“for developing semiconductor heterostructures used inhigh-speed and optoelectronics”“for his part in the invention ofthe integrated circuit”
14 New Structures Tri-gate Transistor FinFET CNTFET Historical Overview V. Iyengar, et al. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (2007)Tri-gate TransistorFinFETCNTFETA. Javey, et al. Nature (2003)H. Sellier, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett (2006)
16 Why Silicon? About 25.7% of the earth’s crust is silicon. Wafer ManufacturingWhy Silicon?About 25.7% of the earth’s crust is silicon.Si raw material can be found anywhere in large quantities.Crystallization of Si is much cheaper than any other semiconductor material.SiO2
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