Presentation on theme: "Coffins, Burial Cases and Caskets. 17 th and 18 th Century Coffined Burial in America 1750: coffined burial common among upper and middle class subdivision."— Presentation transcript:
17 th and 18 th Century Coffined Burial in America 1750: coffined burial common among upper and middle class subdivision of crafts 1800: “coffin furniture” manufactured in America
Readings Question #1 Describe the early American coffins of the wealthy as well as the less fortunate. coffinmaking became a specialty “furnishing undertakers” 1850: “coffin shop”
Early Coffin Shops and Coffin Warehouses War of 1812: Western expansion rapid growth and spread of coffin shops coffin warehouses funerals began to emphasize the coffin quality, price and “diversity of purpose” 2/3 of the funeral bill was the cost of the coffin
Readings Question #2 List the goals that the coffin and casket makers set for their product.
Stone and Metal Coffins 1835: 1 st American patents for coffins made of stone, marble, and cement 1836: 1 st American patent for a metal coffin 1860: patents on coffins made of clay; cement and wood; iron and wood; zinc; iron and glass; iron; cement; marble; and artificial stone 1900: patents for vulcanized rubber, fabricated metals; papier-mache; aluminum; cloth and wood; wood and glass; inner-coffins; celluloid
Readings Question #3 Describe the “Fisk Metallic Coffin”. What were some of its claims?
Fisk Metallic Coffin The one on the left was disinterred in 1969.
Metallic Burial Cases 1850: first introduced to America new mode of coffin construction based on mass production methods stove manufacturers
Readings Question #4 What were the 3 primary claims made by the manufacturers of metallic burial cases.
Metallic Burial Casket 1859: rectangular shape adopted “ogee design” lighter metal and cloth-covered wooden burial cases and caskets were becoming more popular early 1870’s: 1 st sheet metal casket 1890’s: term “casket” used
Cloth Burial Cases 1871: Stein Casket Company wood casket, covered with cloth competition with the curability of the metallic burial cases
Readings Question #5 What happened at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876 that influenced the public’s opinion of cloth burial cases?
Readings Question #6 Describe the “Style E State Casket”. 1890 Stein merged with the National Casket Company
Readings Question #7 Describe the various types of “life signals” that were patented from 1868 – 1882.
Readings Question #8 Describe the “coffin torpedo”. What was its purpose?
Burial Vaults and Outside Boxes 19 th century: rock, stone, brick or concrete slabs 1890: “sectionals” 1872: coffin-box “rough box” 1900: concrete burial vault introduced