Presentation on theme: "100 200 300 400 500 Rock Cycle Earth’s Layers Tectonic Plates Types of Rocks Physical Structures 100 200 300 400 500."— Presentation transcript:
Rock Cycle Earth’s Layers Tectonic Plates Types of Rocks Physical Structures
Rock Cycle – 100 A naturally occurring, solid mixture of one or more minerals What is a rock?
Rock Cycle A rock formed by heat and pressure What is a metamorphic rock?
Rock Cycle A rock formed by the compacting and cementing of sediment What is a sedimentary rock?
Rock Cycle A rock formed when magma cools and hardens What is an igneous rock?
Rock Cycle Formed by the melting of metamorphic rock What is magma?
Earth’s Layers The thinnest layer of Earth What is the crust?
Earth’s Layers The liquid metal layer of the Earth What is the outer core?
Earth’s Layers The layer of the Earth which makes up 67% of Earth’s mass What is the mantle?
Earth’s Layers The solid layer of Earth in which heat and pressure is the greatest What is the inner core?
Earth’s Layers The layer of the Earth composed of solid iron and nickel What is the inner core?
Tectonic Plates – 100 The rate at which tectonic plates move each year What are centimeters per year?
Tectonic Plates Pieces of the lithosphere that move around on top of the asthenosphere What are tectonic plates?
Tectonic Plates Convection currents in the asthenosphere What is the reason Earth’s major tectonic plates move?
Tectonic Plates Global positioning systems (GPS) How do scientists track the motion of tectonic plates?
Tectonic Plates The process by which hot rock from deep within Earth rises and cooler rock near the surface sinks What are convection currents?
Types of Rocks Process by which layers in sedimentary rock are formed What is stratification?
Types of Rocks Clastic, chemical, and organic What are the three categories of sedimentary rock?
Types of Rocks Metamorphic rock arranged in bands What is foliated?
Types of Rocks When magma comes directly into contact with surrounding rock What is contact metamorphism?
Types of Rocks How quickly igneous rock cools What determines the textures/ size of crystals in igneous rocks?
Physical Structures The outermost rigid layer of the Earth which contains the crust and upper mantle What is the lithosphere?
Physical Structures The strong lower part of the mantle, which extends to the Earth’s core What is the mesosphere?
Physical Structures The plastic layer of the mantle on which pieces of the lithosphere move due to convection currents What is the asthenosphere?
Physical Structures The physical structure on which tectonic plates rest What is the lithosphere?
Physical Structures The physical structure which has only been accessed using sounding rockets What is the mesosphere?
Final Jeopardy You will choose one member from your team to represent your team. Only the member you choose can answer the final Jeopardy question. I will reveal the subject. The team will decide how many points they will wager on the question and write it on a piece of paper. I will reveal the answer. The chosen member will have 30 seconds to answer the question on the piece of paper. If you get it right, you will receive the points you wagered, times two If you get it wrong, you will loose the points you wagered.
Final Jeopardy Topic Tectonic Plates
Final Jeopardy Question The Eurasian, Pacific, and Cocos are all these