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The role of Onomatopoeia in the works of Ernest Hemingway Made by: Kilina Mariya 10”A” Teacher: Lyagina Olga Evgenyevna.

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Presentation on theme: "The role of Onomatopoeia in the works of Ernest Hemingway Made by: Kilina Mariya 10”A” Teacher: Lyagina Olga Evgenyevna."— Presentation transcript:

1 The role of Onomatopoeia in the works of Ernest Hemingway Made by: Kilina Mariya 10”A” Teacher: Lyagina Olga Evgenyevna

2 Aims: To look through the biography of Hemingway in order to see how it affected his style of writing To point out what features of languages are the most wide spread in his novels To mention the concept of onomatopoeia To find and analyze the examples of onomatopoeia in the novels of Hemingway

3 The biography of Ernest Hemingway “Veteran out of the wars before he was twenty: Famous at twenty-five: thirty a master— Whittled a style for his time from a walnut stick…” (Archibald Macleish)

4 Features of style Refusal to give the author’s comment in the process of analyzing. Laconism Specific techniques: montage, harping on the pauses, interrupting of dialogs, change of pace. Substitution of description with display. Thingness and functionality Rare use of the portrait

5 Onomatopoeia - literature technique, which supposes finding words with onomatopoeic basics to create a certain stylistic effect. - Onomatopoeia Direct: an independent word Indirect: a combination of different sounds in different words

6 Three groups: Imitation of animals’ voices and their movements: bray, cheep, chirp, chirrup, clack, croak, hoot, meow, moo, prowl, purr, quacking, squeak, twitter, whin. imitation of objects’ sounds and natural phenomenon: bang, bubble, clatter, clank, click, crash, fizz, flash, knock, piff, pop, tickle, trash, rash, rustle, whing, zoom. imitation of sounds of human’s speech: babble, chuckle, clap, click, cough, echo, gasp, giggle, gulp, huff, murmur, mutter, shriek, sniff, whoop, whistle.

7 ash-something fast and violent smash dash crash bash gash break violently into small pieces move or be moved violently strike suddenly violently and noisily strike heavily so as to break or injure a long deep cut or wound Gr-something unpleasant or miserable groan grumble grunt growl make a deep sound forced out by pain or despair complain in a bad-tempered way make a low rough sound like pigs do, or people expressing disagreement or boredom make a low, threatening sound Cl-something sharp or metallic click clang clank clash clink make a short sharp sound make a loud ringing noise make a dull metallic noise, not as loud as a clang make a loud, broken, confused noise as when metal objects strike together make the sound of small bits of metal or glass knocking together

8 sp-an association with water or other liquids or powders splash spit splutter spray sprinkle spurt cause a liquid to fly about in drops send liquid out from the mouth make a series of spitting sounds liquid sent through the air in tiny drops either by the wind or some instrument throw a shower of something onto a surface come out in a sudden burst Wh-the movement of air whistle whirr whizz wheeze whip a high pitched noise made by forcing air or steam through a small opening sound like a bird’s wings moving rapidly make the sound of something rushing through air breathe noisily especially with a whistling sound in the chest one of these or to hit with one of these -ckle, -ggle or - zzle something light and repeated trickle crackle tinkle giggle wriggle drizzle to flow in a thin stream make a series of short cracking sounds make a succession of light ringing sounds laugh lightly in a nervous or silly way move with quick short twistings small, fine rain

9 The Short Stories. Examples of onomatopoeia. “The snows of Kilimanjaro”. “The snow as smooth to see as cake frosting and as light as powder and he remembered the noiseless rush the speed made as you dropped down like a bird” “the fast-slipping rush of running powder-snow on crust, singing ''Hi! Ho! said Rolly!' ' as you ran down the last stretch to the steep drop” “knocking your bindings loose, kicking the skies free” “their dropping heads and swishing tails” “It came with a rush; not as a rush of water nor of wind; but of a sudden, evil-smelling emptiness and the odd thing was that the hyena slipped lightly along the edge of it.” “He swung with his left again and landed and the gunner fell on him and grabbed his coat and tore the sleeve off and he clubbed him twice behind the ear and then smashed him with his right as he pushed him away”

10 “This time there was no rush. It was a puff, as of a wind that makes a candle flicker and the flame go tall.” “So this was how you died, in whispers that you did not hear” “The neighbors who, at night, when some one lay drunk in the street, moaning and groaning in that typical French ivresse that you were propaganded to believe did not exist, would open their windows and then the murmur of talk...” “…as the clatter moved into the old familiar roar, they swung around with Compie watching for warthog holes and roared, bumping, along the stretch between the fires and with the last bump rose and he saw them all standing below, waving…” “Just then the hyena stopped whimpering”

11 “Indian camp” “She screamed just as Nick and the two Indians followed his father and Uncle George into the shanty.” “They came around a bend and a dog came out barking” “Nick watched his father's hands scrubbing each other with the soap.” “His father picked the baby up and slapped it to make it breathe and handed it to the old woman.”

12 “Cat in the Rain” “It was made of bronze and glistened in the rain” “The rain dripped from the palm trees.” “The sea broke in a long line in the rain and slipped back down the beach” “I want to have a kitty to sit on my lap and purr when I stroke her.” “Someone knocked at the door.”

13 Animals’ voices: “They came around a bend and a dog came out barking “I want to have a kitty to sit on my lap and purr when I stroke her.” Objects’ sounds: “Someone knocked at the door. “Nick watched his father's hands scrubbing each other with the soap.” “His father picked the baby up and slapped it”

14 Description of action: “The snow as smooth to see as cake frosting and as light as powder and he remembered the noiseless rush the speed made as you dropped down like a bird” “the fast-slipping rush of running powder-snow on crust, singing ''Hi! Ho! said Rolly!' ' as you ran down the last stretch to the steep drop” “He swung with his left again and landed and the gunner fell on him and grabbed his coat and tore the sleeve off and he clubbed him twice behind the ear and then smashed him with his right as he pushed him away”

15 Nature: description or display? “The rain dripped from the palm trees.” “The sea broke in a long line in the rain and slipped back down the beach” Expression of the feelings: “It came with a rush; not as a rush of water nor of wind; but of a sudden, evil-smelling emptiness and the odd thing was that the hyena slipped lightly along the edge of it.” “This time there was no rush. It was a puff, as of a wind that makes a candle flicker and the flame go tall.”

16 Conclusion Hemingway uses onomatopoeia irregularly: some of his works contain a variety of onomatopoeic cases, others may not have a single one. The writer is keener on using onomatopoeia to dynamic pictures, not static. Onomatopoeia sounds more convincing and complete, if it is doubled or tripled and complemented by other literary means of expression. Hemingway skillfully uses these means to enhance the effect of onomatopoeia. The author has the talent in describing the internal state of his characters using onomatopoeia.

17 The list of sources Лидский, Ю. Я. Творчество Э. Хемингуэя / Ю. Я. Лидский. - Изд. 2-е, перераб. - Киев : Наукова думка, с. Воронин, С. В. Английские ономатопы: фотосемантическая классификация / издание 2-е / под ред. Профессора О.И. Бродович. – Спб : Геликон Плюс, – 192 с. McCarthy, Michael, O’Dell Felicity. English Vocabulary in Use. - Cambridge University Press p. Hemingway, E. Short Stories / Ernest ; [автор коммент. И. М. Кудряшова]. - Moscow : Raduga Publishers, p. Севастьянова, Е. Н. Эмоциональный компонент лексического значения звукоподражательных единиц//Научный вестник Воронежского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета. Серия: Современные лингвистические и методико-дидактические исследования Москва. - N 4. - С Логачева, В. Г. Звукоподражание в современном английском языке // Иностранные языки в школе N 8. - С Иностранные языки в школе N 8. - С Internet Sources: examples.aspx examples.aspx


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