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Earthquakes and VolcanoesTest Review Game
Question 1 What is any change in the Earth’s surface called?
Question 2 The footwall moves up and the hanging wall moves down. What type of fault is it?
Question 3 Explain the stress of shearing.
Question 4 If energy builds up in rocks around a fault, what is likely to happen?
Question 5 What type of stress produces a reverse fault?
Question 6 What happens in a strike slip fault?
Question 7 Why are there a lot of earthquakes along the Pacific coast of North America?
Question 8 How do fault block mountains form?
Question 9 How do folded mountains form?
Question 10 What is the underground point of origin of the earthquake called?
Question 11 What are the small earthquakes that can follow a larger earthquakes weeks or months later called?
Question 12 This seismic wave moves the slowest. It causes the most destruction. What is it?
Question 13 What is an upward fold in a layer of rock called?
Question 14 What is the epicenter of an earthquake?
Question 15 What is a syncline?
Question 16 These seismic waves push and pull, back and forth. What are they called?
Question 17 What is a tsunami?
Question 18 These seismic waves can only move through solids. They move from side to side. What are they called?
Question 19 What is the only seismic wave that can move through liquids?
Question 20 What is lava called before it reaches the surface?
Question 21 Where can you find volcanic belts on the Earth?
Question 22 What is a hot spot volcano?
Question 23 What do volcanoes along two convergent plates of oceanic crust form?
Question 24 Why does magma flow upwards through cracks in rocks?
Question 25 A scientist measures small earthquakes around a volcano. What does that mean?
Question 26 What is the Ring of Fire?
Question 27 A volcano is likely to erupt in the near future. What do we call it?
Question 28 What is a subduction zone volcano?
Question 29 A volcano will never erupt again. What is it called?
Question 30 Why do volcanoes form along plate boundaries?
Answer 1 Deformation
Answer 2 Normal Fault
Answer 3 Pushes the rocks in two opposite, horizontal directions
Answer 4 An Earthquake
Answer 5 Compression
Answer 6 The rocks slide past each other in opposite directions with little up and down movement
Answer 7 This is where the Pacific Plate and North American Plate meet
Answer 8 From normal faults
Answer 9 From reverse faults
Answer 10 Focus
Answer 11 Aftershocks
Answer 12 L-Waves/Land Waves/Surface Waves
Answer 13 Anticline
Answer 14 The place on the surface above the focus
Answer 15 A downward fold in rocks
Answer 16 P-Waves/Primary Waves
Answer 17 A large wave of water that is caused by an earthquake
Answer 18 S-Waves/Secondary Waves
Answer 19 P-Wavs/Primary Waves
Answer 20 Magma
Answer 21 Along plate boundaries/subduction zones
Answer 22 A place not near a plate boundary where volcanoes form because the mantle is hotter in this area and burns through the crust
Answer 23 Island Arcs
Answer 24 Because it is less dense
Answer 25 The volcano will probably erupt soon
Answer 26 The volcanoes that form along the edge of the Pacific Plate
Answer 27 Active
Answer 28 A volcano that forms along a converging plate boundary where subduction is occurring
Answer 29 Extinct
Answer 30 Because when the plates collide, one is forced under the other, melts back into the mantle, and magma can force its way upwards
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