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Earthquakes and Volcanoes

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Presentation on theme: "Earthquakes and Volcanoes"— Presentation transcript:

1 Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Test Review Game

2 Question 1 What is any change in the Earth’s surface called?

3 Question 2 The footwall moves up and the hanging wall moves down. What type of fault is it?

4 Question 3 Explain the stress of shearing.

5 Question 4 If energy builds up in rocks around a fault, what is likely to happen?

6 Question 5 What type of stress produces a reverse fault?

7 Question 6 What happens in a strike slip fault?

8 Question 7 Why are there a lot of earthquakes along the Pacific coast of North America?

9 Question 8 How do fault block mountains form?

10 Question 9 How do folded mountains form?

11 Question 10 What is the underground point of origin of the earthquake called?

12 Question 11 What are the small earthquakes that can follow a larger earthquakes weeks or months later called?

13 Question 12 This seismic wave moves the slowest. It causes the most destruction. What is it?

14 Question 13 What is an upward fold in a layer of rock called?

15 Question 14 What is the epicenter of an earthquake?

16 Question 15 What is a syncline?

17 Question 16 These seismic waves push and pull, back and forth. What are they called?

18 Question 17 What is a tsunami?

19 Question 18 These seismic waves can only move through solids. They move from side to side. What are they called?

20 Question 19 What is the only seismic wave that can move through liquids?

21 Question 20 What is lava called before it reaches the surface?

22 Question 21 Where can you find volcanic belts on the Earth?

23 Question 22 What is a hot spot volcano?

24 Question 23 What do volcanoes along two convergent plates of oceanic crust form?

25 Question 24 Why does magma flow upwards through cracks in rocks?

26 Question 25 A scientist measures small earthquakes around a volcano. What does that mean?

27 Question 26 What is the Ring of Fire?

28 Question 27 A volcano is likely to erupt in the near future. What do we call it?

29 Question 28 What is a subduction zone volcano?

30 Question 29 A volcano will never erupt again. What is it called?

31 Question 30 Why do volcanoes form along plate boundaries?

32 Answer 1 Deformation

33 Answer 2 Normal Fault

34 Answer 3 Pushes the rocks in two opposite, horizontal directions

35 Answer 4 An Earthquake

36 Answer 5 Compression

37 Answer 6 The rocks slide past each other in opposite directions with little up and down movement

38 Answer 7 This is where the Pacific Plate and North American Plate meet

39 Answer 8 From normal faults

40 Answer 9 From reverse faults

41 Answer 10 Focus

42 Answer 11 Aftershocks

43 Answer 12 L-Waves/Land Waves/Surface Waves

44 Answer 13 Anticline

45 Answer 14 The place on the surface above the focus

46 Answer 15 A downward fold in rocks

47 Answer 16 P-Waves/Primary Waves

48 Answer 17 A large wave of water that is caused by an earthquake

49 Answer 18 S-Waves/Secondary Waves

50 Answer 19 P-Wavs/Primary Waves

51 Answer 20 Magma

52 Answer 21 Along plate boundaries/subduction zones

53 Answer 22 A place not near a plate boundary where volcanoes form because the mantle is hotter in this area and burns through the crust

54 Answer 23 Island Arcs

55 Answer 24 Because it is less dense

56 Answer 25 The volcano will probably erupt soon

57 Answer 26 The volcanoes that form along the edge of the Pacific Plate

58 Answer 27 Active

59 Answer 28 A volcano that forms along a converging plate boundary where subduction is occurring

60 Answer 29 Extinct

61 Answer 30 Because when the plates collide, one is forced under the other, melts back into the mantle, and magma can force its way upwards

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