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Informative/Explanatory Writing What is Informative/Explanatory Writing? Informative/Explanatory writing is nonfiction writing about a topic. Informative/Explanatory.

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Presentation on theme: "Informative/Explanatory Writing What is Informative/Explanatory Writing? Informative/Explanatory writing is nonfiction writing about a topic. Informative/Explanatory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Informative/Explanatory Writing What is Informative/Explanatory Writing? Informative/Explanatory writing is nonfiction writing about a topic. Informative/Explanatory writing gives facts and information, explains how to do something, or tells readers about real people and events.

2 Informative/Explanatory Writing You can find informative/explanatory writing in many different places. Textbooks Newspapers Encyclopedias Magazines Websites

3 Informative/Explanatory Writing Traits A clear, focused topic Relevant facts and concrete details that support and develop the topic A strong introduction, body, and conclusion Paragraphs that have a topic sentence and supporting details Appropriate and varied transitions that connect ideas and show relationships Informative/Explanatory Writing

4 Informative/Explanatory Writing Traits Exact, concise language Domain-specific vocabulary that is used correctly and explained as necessary Appropriate voice for the purpose and audience An informative, respectful, and consistent tone Clear sentences with structure that supports the purpose Sentences that flow together smoothly No or few errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics Informative/Explanatory Writing

5 How informative/explanatory writing is organized depends on its purpose. Cause-and-Effect describes a cause and the result, or effect, of that cause. Compare-and-Contrast describes the similarities and differences between things. Explanatory gives the meaning of a topic. How-To tells readers how something happens or explains a step-by-step process. Problem-and-Solution describes a problem and offers one or more solutions. Research Report organizes information about a topic. Summary describes the main points of a piece of writing.

6 Informative/Explanatory Writing Good informative/explanatory writing includes the following features: Topic Definitions Facts Transitions Precise language Domain-specific vocabulary Conclusion Let’s look at how we can use these features in good informative/ explanatory writing.

7 Topic A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

8 Definitions A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

9 Facts A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

10 Transitions A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

11 Precise Language A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

12 Domain-Specific Vocabulary A tsunami is a series of giant waves. Tsunamis are created by undersea disturbances, such as earthquakes or giant landslides. As the waves travel away from the point of the undersea disturbance, they grow taller and gain higher speeds. However, tsunami waves do not look like normal waves that curl and crash against the beach. Instead, they look like a moving wall of water. In order to understand tsunamis, it is important to understand how Earth is formed. Tectonic plates, or giant pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes push against each other. At times this motion can be subtle; other times it can be violent. An earthquake is caused when two plates push and pull against each other and suddenly release a tremendous amount of energy. Informative/Explanatory Writing

13 Conclusion It is impossible to stop a tsunami. However, early warning systems and accurate weather forecasting equipment can warn people of the danger. Special buoys floating in the ocean record waves and send information to scientists on land. These scientists can then warn people to get away from the shore and head to higher ground. Sometimes an early warning can save thousands of lives from the deadly force of a tsunami. Informative/Explanatory Writing

14 Some common types of informative/explanatory writing include the following: Research Report Cause-Effect Report Problem-Solution Essay Response to Literature How-To Essay Compare-and-Contrast Essay

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