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Unit 2 Review
Rigid, upper part of Earth’s mantle and the crust (lithosphere, outer core, inner core) Lithosphere
When plates move apart, new crust forms to fill in gaps between the plates ( sliding plates, separating plates, colliding plates) Separating Plates
Form when forces inside Earth push up the crust ( fault-block mountains, folded mountains, upwarped mountains) Upwarped mountains
Appalachian Mountains are a type of these ( fault-block mountains, folded mountains, upwarped mountains) Folded mountains
Which of the following words is not associated to an earthquake: (fault, rift, P-waves, focus) rift
Earthquake waves are called ( fault, epicenter, seismic waves) Seismic waves
Largest of Earth’s layers; solid, but flows like putty ( crust, mantle, outer core, inner core) Mantle
A measure of the energy released by an earthquake (fault, seismograph, P-waves, magnitude) Magnitude
Solid, innermost layer of Earth’s interior ( crust, mantle, outer core, inner core) Inner core
Leaves, twigs, and other organic material that eventually can be changed to humus (leaching, litter, soil) litter
Broad, flat, buildup of basaltic layers, gently sloping sides (shield volcano, cinder cone volcano, composite volcano) Shield volcano
Minerals in rocks dissolve or change to other minerals (mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, climate) Chemical weathering
Helps reduce erosion on steep slopes (no-till farming, contour farming, terracing) terracing
Bowl-shaped part of a volcano; lava often collects here before flowing down the slope ( vent, crater, magma chamber, pipe) Crater
Piling yard wastes where they can decompose gradually (leaching, litter, composting) composting
Which force creates this type of fault ( compression, extension, shear) Shear
Large bodies of magma; caused the Hawaiian Islands to form (fault, rift, hot spots, focus) Hot spots
Occurs when rocks are broken apart by PHYSICAL processes (mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, climate) Mechanical weathering
Mixture of weathered rock, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air (oxidation, weathering, soil) soil
The removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water (leaching, litter, chemical weathering) leaching
If the resources on Earth became scarce and the environment loses its ability to support the population we have reached our… (population, pollutants, carrying capacity) Carrying capacity
Large fractures in rocks along which movement occurs ( plates, faults, epicenter) Faults
Tephra forms a small cone of volcanic material; usually produces a short, powerful eruption (shield volcano, cinder cone volcano, composite volcano) Cinder cone volcano
Changes to Earth’s Surface Chapter 6. Prior Knowledge What are the layers of the Earth? What are the layers of the Earth? What causes Earth’s surface.
Birth of a Theory Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics.
(ALFRED WEGENER 1915 ) I PANGEA- A LARGE LANDMASS CONTAINING ALL OF THE CONTINENTS. WHICH EVENTUALLY BROKE INTO TWO LANDMASSES a) LAURASIA- N. AMERICA,EUROPE,
Chapter 1 Unit C Changes to Earth’s Surface. Lesson 1 Changes to Earth’s Surface Landforms: - physical features on Earth’s surface. Glaciers Mountains.
CST Review Standard 3 Plate Tectonics operating over geologic time has changed the patterns of land, sea, and mountains on Earths surface. a.Know the features.
Volcanoes What is a volcano? A volcano is a mountain that forms when molten rock erupts or flows as lava from an opening in Earth’s surface.
Our Dynamic Earth. Earth as a System The Earth is an integrated system that consists of rock, air, water, and living things that all interact with each.
Volcanoes Eruptions and Forms of Volcanoes. Types of Eruptions Violent and explosive Quiet and flowing –Depends on trapped gases and magma composition.
Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis. Earthquakes Fault: a break in the Earths crust. Blocks of the crust slide past each other along fault lines. When.
The Parts of a Volcano. What is a Volcano? A volcano is a mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface of the Earth. Magma rises because it is less.
Chapter 11 Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Earthquakes l The shaking caused by the sudden movement of the crust l Scientists estimate that over one million.
Volcanic Landforms. Landforms From Lava and Ash Rock and other materials formed from lava create a variety of landforms including shield volcanoes,
Who Wants to be a Millionaire? $500 We learn about the core of the earth by A – digging deep into the earth. B – studying earthquake waves. C – studying.
Open your binder to the notes section. Prepare to take notes. Head your notes and copy the standard below. Open your binder to the notes section. Prepare.
Ch. 2 “A Living Planet”. Ch. 2.1 “The Earth Inside and Out”
Volcano Hw and RQ. Questions Could Mt. St. Helens erupt again? Does the lava come from the liquid core of the Earth? Is every mountain a volcano? How.
Chapter 9 and 10 The interior of the earth and its surface.
Plate Tectonics. Brief Structure of the Earth Divided into layers: –Core, mantle, crust.
Earth Processes: Part 1: Lithosphere (land) The student will be able to describe types of rocks and the processes involved in the rock cycle. The student.
The Theory of Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics is the theory that explains why and how continents move. By the 1960s evidence supported.
Building Up Earth’s Surface Unit C Chapter 6 Lesson 3 C24 – C29.
Unit 2: Plate Tectonics Test Review. What is the name of the SUPERCONTINENT that was once one land mass?
By Sally Johnson March 11, 2010 Science Project Volcanoes.
Teacher Instructions: This game is designed to help you review the curriculum with your students before an exam. As a teacher you will need to take the.
Earthquakes Nelsons Class Earthquakes An earthquake is the shaking and vibrating of the earth caused by large and sudden releases of energy that.
Imagine the Earth as a hardboiled egg……………………. The thin brittle shell is the crust that humans live on. The thick jelly like white is the deep hot magma.
6 Chapter 6 Earthquakes and Earth s Interior. Earthquakes 6.1 What Is an Earthquake? Focus is the point within Earth where the earthquake starts. Epicenter.
Ch. 18 Volcanoes. Ch. 18 Vocabulary Viscosity Tepha Vent Hot Spot Caldera Cinder-Cone Volcano Composite Volcano Pyroclastic Flow Shield Volcano Crater.
Changes to the Earth’s surface. The changing Earth The surface of the Earth is always changing.
CHANGES WITHIN THE EARTHS SURFACE CHANGES WITHIN THE EARTHS SURFACE.
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