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Unit 2 Review
Rigid, upper part of Earth’s mantle and the crust (lithosphere, outer core, inner core) Lithosphere
When plates move apart, new crust forms to fill in gaps between the plates ( sliding plates, separating plates, colliding plates) Separating Plates
Form when forces inside Earth push up the crust ( fault-block mountains, folded mountains, upwarped mountains) Upwarped mountains
Appalachian Mountains are a type of these ( fault-block mountains, folded mountains, upwarped mountains) Folded mountains
Which of the following words is not associated to an earthquake: (fault, rift, P-waves, focus) rift
Earthquake waves are called ( fault, epicenter, seismic waves) Seismic waves
Largest of Earth’s layers; solid, but flows like putty ( crust, mantle, outer core, inner core) Mantle
A measure of the energy released by an earthquake (fault, seismograph, P-waves, magnitude) Magnitude
Solid, innermost layer of Earth’s interior ( crust, mantle, outer core, inner core) Inner core
Leaves, twigs, and other organic material that eventually can be changed to humus (leaching, litter, soil) litter
Broad, flat, buildup of basaltic layers, gently sloping sides (shield volcano, cinder cone volcano, composite volcano) Shield volcano
Minerals in rocks dissolve or change to other minerals (mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, climate) Chemical weathering
Helps reduce erosion on steep slopes (no-till farming, contour farming, terracing) terracing
Bowl-shaped part of a volcano; lava often collects here before flowing down the slope ( vent, crater, magma chamber, pipe) Crater
Piling yard wastes where they can decompose gradually (leaching, litter, composting) composting
Which force creates this type of fault ( compression, extension, shear) Shear
Large bodies of magma; caused the Hawaiian Islands to form (fault, rift, hot spots, focus) Hot spots
Occurs when rocks are broken apart by PHYSICAL processes (mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, climate) Mechanical weathering
Mixture of weathered rock, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air (oxidation, weathering, soil) soil
The removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water (leaching, litter, chemical weathering) leaching
If the resources on Earth became scarce and the environment loses its ability to support the population we have reached our… (population, pollutants, carrying capacity) Carrying capacity
Large fractures in rocks along which movement occurs ( plates, faults, epicenter) Faults
Tephra forms a small cone of volcanic material; usually produces a short, powerful eruption (shield volcano, cinder cone volcano, composite volcano) Cinder cone volcano
Effects of Plate Tectonics Volcanoes and Earthquakes.
Forces Shaping Earth Earth’s Moving Plates Uplift of Earth’s Crust.
Earthquakes and Volcanoes C12-17 and C20-25 v.martinez.
Earth’s Structure, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Review.
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Volcano Vocabulary F3 7 th grade. Volcano A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
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The Earth’s Interior Composed of 4 layers –Crust –Mantle –Outer Core –Inner Core.
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Section 2: Earthquakes and Volcanoes Preview Key Ideas Key Ideas Bellringer Bellringer What are Earthquakes? What are Earthquakes? Measuring Earthquakes.
Chapter 18 Volcanic Activity. Section 18-1 Magma Objectives: Describe factors that can affect the formation of magma Compare and contrast the different.
Earth Processes Geology = the scientific study of our planet Earth.
Volcanoes Openings in the Earths Crust That Lets Magma Through and Often Forms a Mountain.
Changes to Earth’s Surface Chapter 6. Prior Knowledge What are the layers of the Earth? What are the layers of the Earth? What causes Earth’s surface.
Earthquakes Volcanoes Earthquakes, volcanoes and plate tectonics.
Chapter 4 Volcanoes. caldera A large circular depression, or basin, at the top of a volcano.
Geography revision Weather, tectonic plates, earthquakes and volcanoes.
Layers Of the Earth 1.Mantle 2. Lithosphere 3. Outer Core 4. Inner Core.
Trashketball: Volcanoes, Earthquakes, & Tsunamis.
Volcano Vocabulary E.Q.: What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions?
Changes to Earth’s Surface Jeopardy EarthquakesVolcanoesEarth’s LayersMiscellaneous
“Volcanoes” n I. What is a Volcano? A. Volcano - A hole in the earth’s surface that often forms mountains from eruptions of lava and/ or volcanic ash.
Features of Plate Tectonics Scientists believe that Earth began as a molten ball over 4.5 billion years ago! as it cooled, denser materials sank.
VOLCANOES Earth’s Fiery Release B56a. VOLCANO mountain produced by repeated eruptions –magma rises to the surface because it is less dense than the surrounding.
Earthquakes and Volcanoes. EARTHQUAKES Plate Tectonics Lithosphere – the crust and upper part of the earth’s mantle Inner Core 2.Outer Core.
Monday, May 10 th Agenda Collect homework: “Plinian Eruptions” worksheet Finish Section 19.2: Earthquakes and Volcanoes In-Class: Study Guide:
Ch. 18 – Volcanic Activity Magma is a mixture of molten rock, suspended mineral grains, and dissolved gases deep beneath Earth’s surface. – –These.
Earth’s surface is broken into several large pieces called tectonic plates.
EARTHQUAKES & VOLCANOES. EARTHQUAKES Vibrations in the ground that result from movement along breaks in Earth’s lithosphere called faults.
The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics. Learning Goal: To analyze and describe the types of rocks that appear on Earth.
Jeopardy! 6M Science Mrs. Milot. Jeopardy! Minerals Volcanoes Earthquakes Plate Tectonics Rocks Stuff
Planet EarthSection 2 Section 2: Earthquakes and Volcanoes Preview Key Ideas Bellringer What are Earthquakes? Measuring Earthquakes Volcanoes.
UNIT 1 Study Guide Answer Key. Energy From Stars #1 Nuclear fission = nuclei splitting, used in nuclear power plants Nuclear fusion = nuclei combining,
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Volcanoes. Volcanic eruptions are among the Earth's most powerful and destructive forces. Volcanoes are also creative forces. The Earth's first oceans.
A Changing Earth Earthquakes and Volcanoes. EARTHQUAKES Plate Tectonics Lithosphere – the crust and upper part of the earth’s mantle Inner Core.
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DO NOW 1.___ name one cause of water pollution (water pollution) 2. __ coolest layer of the Earth (Earth’s layers) 3.___energy source that burns wood or.
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Volcanoes C Volcano A mountain formed when red-hot melted rock flows through a crack onto the earth’s surface A mountain formed when red-hot melted.
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