Presentation on theme: "Oceanic Crust Objectives: 1.To be able to define what oceanic crust is; 2.To be able to explain how oceanic crust forms; 3.To be able to describe the composition."— Presentation transcript:
Oceanic Crust Objectives: 1.To be able to define what oceanic crust is; 2.To be able to explain how oceanic crust forms; 3.To be able to describe the composition of oceanic crust; and 4.To be able to draw a diagram of the structure of oceanic crust.
Definition The oceanic crust is the part of Earth's lithosphere which underlies the ocean basins. It is thinner (generally less than 10 km thick) but more dense than continental crust, about 3.3 g/cc (grams per cubic centimeter). lithosphereoceandensecontinental crust
Formation 1.Oceanic crust is created at mid- ocean/oceanic ridges and destroyed by being pulled back into the mantle in subduction zones by the processes of plate tectonics.mid- oceanoceanic ridgesmantlesubduction zonesplate tectonics 2.Most of the present day oceanic crust is less than 200 million years old because it is continuously being recycled. 3.Seafloor spreading forms oceanic crust.Seafloor spreading
Composition 1.Oceanic crust is composed of mafic basaltic rocks.mafic basaltic 2.See Ophiolite link for more on composition.Ophiolite
Structure It is also more dense than continental crust and considerably thinner averaging 5-10 km versus the average continental crust thickness of around 20 to 80 km. Oceanic crust is coarsest at its bottom and is finer grained at its top. About 60% of the Earth's surface is underlain by oceanic crust. Ophiolite Sequence = structure (see diagrams)
Watch the Seafloor Move
Formed by seafloor spreading Composed of basaltic rock (higher in iron) Ophiolite structure Destroyed at Subduction Zones Cascadia Subduction Zone in California Conclusion