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Overview of the Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study National Climate Assessment Workshop Boulder, CO June 6-8, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of the Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study National Climate Assessment Workshop Boulder, CO June 6-8, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of the Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study National Climate Assessment Workshop Boulder, CO June 6-8, 2011

2 Background Study Objectives & Approach Scenario Development (Supply and Demand) System Reliability Metrics Path Forward Overview

3 Colorado River Basin 16.5 million acre-feet (maf) allocated annually 13 to 14.5 maf of consumptive use annually 15.0 maf average annual “natural” inflow into Lake Powell over past 100 years Inflows are highly variable year-to-year 60 maf of storage

4 Historical Colorado River Water Supply & Use ( Annual)

5 Historical Colorado River Water Supply & Use ( 10-year Running Average)

6 Study Area –Colorado River Basin and those adjacent areas of the Basin States that receive Colorado River water Cost-Share Partners –Arizona Department of Water Resources –(California) Six Agency Committee –Colorado Water Conservation Board –New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission –Southern Nevada Water Authority –Utah Division of Water Resources –Wyoming State Engineer’s Office –Reclamation Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study

7 Study Outreach Colorado River Basin Water Supply & Demand Study Hydropower Western, CREDA. others Ecosystem Demands NGO collaborative. others Endangered Species FWS, others Other General public, other interested stakeholder groups Native American Tribes and Communities Lower Basin, Upper Basin Water Deliveries Water Purveyors (agriculture, M&I use) Recreation NPS, Concessionaires, others

8 Study Phases and Tasks Phase 1: Water Supply Assessment Phase 2: Water Demand Assessment Phase 3: System Reliability Analysis Phase 4: Development & Evaluation of Opportunities 1.1 – Select Methods to Estimate Current Supply 1.2 – Select Methods to Project Future Supply 1.3 – Conduct Assessment of Current Supply 1.4 – Conduct Assessment of Future Supply 2.1 – Select Methods to Estimate Current Demand 2.2 – Select Methods to Project Future Demand 2.3 – Conduct Assessment of Current Demand 2.4 – Conduct Assessment of Future Demand 3.1 – Identify Reliability Metrics 3.2 – Estimate Baseline System Reliability 3.3 – Project Future System Reliability 4.1 – Develop Opportunities 4.2 – Evaluate and Refine Opportunities 4.3 – Finalize Opportunities – Project Future Reliability with Opportunities Formulate Approach to Include Uncertainty Develop Future Supply and Demand Scenarios Green denotes essentially complete

9 Addressing an Uncertain Future The path of major influences on the Colorado River system is uncertain and can not be represented by a single view An infinite number of plausible futures exist A manageable and informative number of scenarios are being developed to explore the broad range of futures (adapted from Timpe and Scheepers, 2003)

10 Driving Forces Influencing Future Colorado River System Reliability No.Driving Forces 1Changes in streamflow variability and trends 2Changes in climate variability and trends (e.g. temperature, precipitation, etc.) 3Changes in watershed conditions (e.g. diseases, species transitions, etc.) 4Changes in population and distribution 5Changes in agricultural land use (e.g. irrigated agricultural areas, crop mixes, etc.) 6Changes in urban land use (e.g. conversion, density, urbanization, etc.) 7Changes in public land use (e.g. forest practices, grazing, wilderness areas, etc.) 8Changes in agricultural water use efficiency 9Changes in municipal and industrial water use efficiency 10Changes in institutional and regulatory conditions (e.g. laws, regulations, etc.) 11Changes to organization or management structures (e.g. state, federal, bi-national institutions) 12Changes in water needs for energy generation (e.g. solar, oil shale, thermal, nuclear, etc.) 13Changes in flow-dependent ecosystem needs for ESA-listed species 14Changes in other flow-dependent ecosystem needs 15Changes in social values affecting water use 16Changes in cost of energy affecting water availability and use 17Changes in water availability due to tribal water use and settlement of tribal water rights claims 18Changes in water quality including physical, biological, and chemical processes

11 Results of Driving Forces Survey

12 Water Supply Scenarios * Observed Resampled:  future hydrologic trends and variability will be similar to the past 100 years Paleo Resampled:  future hydrologic trends and variability are represented by the distant past (approximately 1250 years) Paleo Conditioned:  future hydrologic trends and variability are represented by a blend of the wet dry states of the paleo-climate record but magnitudes are more similar to the observed period Downscaled Global Climate Model (GCM) Projected:  future climate will continue to warm with regional precipitation trends represented through an ensemble of future GCM projections Water Demand Scenarios * Current Trends:  growth, development patterns, and institutions continue along recent trends Economic Slowdown:  low growth with emphasis on economic efficiency Expansive Growth:  economic resurgence (population and energy) and current preferences toward human and environmental values * Enhanced Environment and Healthy Economy:  expanded environmental awareness and stewardship with growing economy* * Additional “branches” possible depending upon assumed trajectory of specific socio-economic factors. * Preliminary – Subject to change

13 Integration of Supply and Demand Scenarios Recent Trends Water Supply Scenarios (multiple realizations for each scenario) Climate indexing for demands Water Demand Scenarios

14 Measures that indicate the ability of the system to meet the needs of Basin resources Will be used to quantify the impacts to Basin resources from future supply and demand imbalances Metrics Resource Categories  Water Deliveries  Electrical Power Resources  Water Quality  Flood Control  Recreational Resources  Ecological Resources System Reliability Metrics (Metrics)

15 Milestones & Schedule for Remainder of Study February – April 2011Quantify Water Demand Scenarios July – September 2011Perform “Baseline” System Reliability Analysis September – December 2011Develop Options & Strategies October 2011Publish Interim Report No. 2 November 2011 – February 2012Perform System Reliability Analysis with Options & Strategies March 2012Publish Interim Report No. 31 April – May 2012Finalize & Evaluate Options & Strategies June 2012Publish Draft Study Report for Comment July 2012Final Report Complete

16 Study Contact Information Website: Telephone: ; Fax: Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study


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