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UNESCO and Quality Assurance: Progress and Issues Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić Chief, Section for Higher Education UNESCO CHEA International Commission Washington.

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Presentation on theme: "UNESCO and Quality Assurance: Progress and Issues Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić Chief, Section for Higher Education UNESCO CHEA International Commission Washington."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNESCO and Quality Assurance: Progress and Issues Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić Chief, Section for Higher Education UNESCO CHEA International Commission Washington D.C., 27 January 2011

2 UNESCO What is New?

3 UNESCO HQ Paris Irina Bokova Qian Tang

4 Section for Higher Education Division of Basic to Higher Learning A new structure A new name

5 But, a familiar Old Team!

6 Mission Statement To help Member States and their institutions widen access to quality higher education through diverse modes of provision adapted to local development needs.

7 A RTICLE 26 (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

8 …nearly as old as the Organization A resolution adopted by UNESCOs 2 nd General Conference in Mexico (1947) explicitly identified higher education as one of its six areas of work of work under the heading Work with Universities HIGHER EDUCATION: THE PROGRAMME

9 1998 WCHE The first World Conference on Higher Education ever organized by UNESCO Numbers matter! Over 180 Member States; 130 ministers responsible for higher education; some 4,200 participants in all representing all higher education stakeholders Objective: to lay down the fundamental principles for the in- depth reform of higher education systems world wide

10 2009 World Conference on Higher Education Paris - July 2009

11 The World Conference on Higher Education Paris - July 2009 Theme: The New Dynamics of Higher Education and Research for Societal Change and Development. Over 1,500 participants Governments, academics, QA experts, students, civil society, private sector

12 Ministers… Egypt India France China

13 Researchers and scholars from around the world… Philip Altbach Lidia Brito Mala Singh Hebe Vessuri la Fuente Alice Dautry

14 Students were well represented…

15 F INAL R EPORT AND C ONFERENCE C OMMUNIQUÉ Documents published in hard and soft copy, in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Portuguese for a wide dissemination among key higher education stakeholders

16 D OMINANT G LOBAL T REND : M ASSIFICATION Globally, age participation rates have grown from 19% in 2000 to 26% in 2007 OECD estimates 50 % – 60 % participation rates are necessary with a view to development Low income countries: 5% in 2000 to 7% in 2007 150.6 million tertiary students globally in 2007, an increase of 53% since 2000 ***Inability to meet growing demand in developing countries***

17 T ERTIARY E NROLMENT R ATES UNESCO Institute of Statistics

18 What else is New?

19 E NROLMENT PROJECTIONS 36 million by 2020 44 million by 2020 26 million by 2050


21 Higher Education in a world Changed Utterly – OECD 2010 Equity, Efficiency, Quality BUT What was new? The Economic Crisis: Doing More with less Universities in search of revenue: ignoring access and equity, but (a paradox?)… Social engagement – more intense today

22 New Dynamics Revisited OECD/IMHE 2010 Crossborder – often empty shells Diversification: but vocational and professional?? Rankings – risky!; will European rankings make a difference? Do not trust League tables! Academic Profession – students no longer interested (Nigeria) Changing institutions/changing mindsets... Does less money mean more innovation?

23 Europe and Beyond: The European Higher Education and Research areas must be open to the world (EU Modernisation Agenda for Universities) The world is becoming smaller as the economic crisis hits both developed and developing countries. Austerity forces HEIs to do more with less To do more with less: - be more innovative - embrace the new dynamics

24 …quality assurance – and especially the internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998. Inside Accreditation Judith Eaton

25 WCHE COMMUNIQUE: CALL TO ACTION UNESCO [Pursue]… capacity-building for quality assurance in higher education in developing countries MEMBER STATES Put in place and strengthen appropriate quality assurance systems and regulatory frameworks with the involvement of all stakeholders 2009 World Conference on Higher Education Communiqué GIQAC

26 UNESCOs Work GLOBAL OUTREACH THROUGH: UNESCO Global Forum on QA, Accreditation and the Recognition of Qualification (2002; 2004; 2007) UNESCOs 6 recognition conventions UNESCO-World Bank Global Initiative GIQAC

27 It takes a community… GIQAC T HE PRINCIPAL OBJECTIVE of GIQAC is to improve and expand worldwide capacity for quality assurance (QA) in higher education in developing and transition countries.

28 GIQAC Worldwide GIQAC FY2010 Implementing Networks International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE) African Association of Universities (AAU) in cooperation with the African Quality Assurance Network (AfriQAN) Arab Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ANQAHE) Asia-Pacific Quality Network (APQN) Caribbean Area Network for Quality Assurance in Tertiary Education (CANQATE) La Red Iberoamericana para la Acreditación de la Calidad en la Educación Superior (RIACES)

29 GIQAC A CHIEVEMENTS The GIQAC grant has accelerated the growth of quality assurance agencies in various countries and developed leaders who serve as champions for QA in their own agencies. From an initial membership of 47 agencies and institutions in 2007, APQN now has 72 members in various categories. The grant has also paved the way towards greater cooperation and mutual understanding across a diverse and populous region. Concepción Pijano, President, APQN

30 GIQAC A CHIEVEMENTS In 2010, GIQAC made an impact at the national level in 43 countries in Africa, 11 countries in the Arab States, 27 countries in Asia and the Pacific, 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and 31 countries in Europe and North America.

31 L OOKING A HEAD : C HALLENGES GIQAC FY2011 ENQA – ECA countries Future Sustainability: Beyond DGF The next 3 years Action plan

32 INQAAHE Forum Windhoek, Namibia May 2010

33 GIQAC meeting Windhoek …Spread of the familiar Judith Eaton

34 F OLLOW - UP TO 2009 WCHE: N EW D YNAMICS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE Open Educational resources OERs University rankings and accountability Private higher education (including for- profit) and Cross-border higher education: what next

35 UNESCO Paris, 5 – 8 July 2009 COMMUNIQUE (8 July 2009) ODL approaches and ICTs present opportunities to widen access to quality education, particularly when Open Educational Resources are readily shared by many countries and higher education institutions

36 WCHE session on OERs Imperative to ensure that all – developed and developing countries - are enabled to contribute to OERs…

37 Policy Forum 1 (December 2010, Paris) UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning Taking the Open Educational Resources (OER) beyond the OER Community: Policy and Capacity

38 Objectives of the Project Ensure greater support for the use of OER created and used both in developing and developed countries by educational decision makers (governmental and institutional) Enhance capacity of educational practitioners in developing countries to create and use OER.

39 Basic Premise OERs will not be able to help countries reach their educational goals unless awareness of the potential can be rapidly expanded beyond the communities of interest that they have already attracted Mainstreaming OER will contribute to the quality of learning materials

40 Activities 2010 Development of an OER Dossier 3 Online Forums 4 Capacity-Building workshops 1 Policy Forum

41 Policy Forum 2 (October 2011, Paris) UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning Policy Guidelines on OERs


43 BRITAINS TOP NINE UNIVERSITIES Quality Rankings of Teaching based on all subject assessments 1995-2004 (Sunday Times University Guide 2004) 1CAMBRIDGE 96% 2LOUGHBOROUGH95% 3=LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS88% 3=YORK88% 5 THE OPEN UNIVERSITY87% 6 OXFORD86% 7 IMPERIAL COLLEGE82% 8 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON77% 9 ESSEX77%

44 U NESCO GLOBAL FORUM ON UNIVERSITY RANKINGS AND OTHER ACCOUNTABILITY TOOLS P ARIS, 16-17 M AY 2011 Goals: Healthy debate on Rankings and other accountability tools Increased understanding of the impact of rankings Improved convergences between rankings and other accountability tools Improved communication between the higher education community and the public, particularly governments, funding bodies, and potential students Access to reliable and transparent information

45 P RIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION Private HE: fastest growing sub-sector - 30% global HE enrolment Japan, South Korea: 80% Latin America– 50% Governance: relationship between government and PHEIs QA: key tool for demand- absorbing private sector GLOBAL DEBATE ON PHE INCLUDING FOR- PROFIT

46 Higher Education Institutions Web Portal

47 Degree Mills What next? Would a UNESCO legal instrument be useful?

48 W EB P ORTAL ON HEI S : C OUNTRY I NFORMATION 1.Institutions recognized by competent authorities 2.Higher education programmes recognized by competent authorities 3.Information for students planning to study in the country 4.Information on the higher education system 5.Foreign credential assessment and recognition 6.Information on financial assistance opportunities 7.Cross-border higher education 8.National Information Centre 9.Other information sources 10.Definition of key terms

49 C URRENT P ARTICIPATING C OUNTRIES F EBRUARY 2010 Argentina Armenia Australia Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Canada China Costa Rica Cyprus Cuba Croatia Egypt Ireland Jamaica Japan Kenya Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Mexico Malaysia Namibia New Zealand Nigeria Norway Pakistan Paraguay Saudi Arabia Sweden Thailand Trinidad and Tobago United Kingdom United States of America

50 C OUNTRIES BEING PROCESSED D ECEMBER 2010 Austria Chile Colombia Dominican Republic Estonia Guyana India Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Panama St Vincent and the Grenadines Switzerland Uruguay Uzbekistan

51 Guidelines for quality provision in cross-border higher education UNESCO and OECD Implementation Survey and analysis

52 LEGAL FRAMEWORKS FOR ACADEMIC MOBILITY: CONVENTIONS (December 1, 2009) RegionSecretariatAdoptedNumber of parties SIDS / UCSIS Last ratification Last meeting AfricaUNESCO Dakar Arusha 1981 22Seychelles and Holy See 2008Addis Ababa, Sept 2009 ArabUNESCO Beirut Paris 1978 14None1991Beirut, March 2006 Asia & the PacificUNESCO Bangkok Bangkok 1983 21Maldives and Holy See 2008Manila, May 2009 LACIESALC Caracas Mexico 1974 19Cuba, Suriname, and Holy See 2007Caracas, October 2006 MEDUNESCO Paris Nice 197612Malta and Holy See 2007Split, 2005 EuropeUNESCO & Council of Europe Lisbon 1997 47Malta and Holy See 2010Sevres, June 2010

53 Welcome to Tokyo! Asia and Pacific Convention on Degree Recognition Revised text: Diplomatic Conference 25-26 November 2011, Tokyo, UNESCO & MEXT A WORKSHOP ON THE WEB PORTAL WILL BE ORGANIZED

54 F LAGSHIPS PROJECTS 2012 – 2013 Diversified and innovative providers and modes of higher education delivery for expanding equitable access: private higher education, cross-border providers, ODL and OERs; Strengthened use of quality assurance systems and other accountability tools to promote quality and relevance of sustainable higher education systems Assistance to the creation of an African Higher Education and Research Area

55 global leadership in education political discourse academic debate


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