Presentation on theme: "REMEMBERING 2O10’S WILDFIRES Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA."— Presentation transcript:
REMEMBERING 2O10’S WILDFIRES Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA
IMPACTED NATIONS Russia (7 regions) USA (Arizona, California, Colorado), Bolivia, …
SOCIETAL IMPACTS DURING 2010 600 Wildfires affected 7 regions in Russia (including Moscow), killed 34, burned 309,000 acres, and affected tens of thousands. 300 firefighters and aircraft fought wildfires in Arizona 1,700 firefighters, planes, and helicopters fought 3 wildfires near Los Angeles; thousands are evacuated
SOCIETAL IMPACTS DURING 2010 A wildfire that started after an auto accident in Fourmile Canyon near Boulder, Colorado, burned 7,120 acres, destroyed 100 homes, and displaced 3,500. Wildfires started by farmers in Bolivia burned 1.5 million hectares of land.
WILDFIRES FLAGSTAFF, AZ SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RUSSIA BOLIVIA BOULDER, COLORADO
THREE WILFIRES RAGE NEAR FLAGSTAFF, ARIZONA 300 FIREFIGHTERS AND AIRCRAFT FIGHT BLAZES JUNE 20-23, 2010
The communities of Fernwood, Timberline and Wupatki were evacuated because of the Shultz Fire, a massive blaze. To keep the fires from spreading towards communities, firefighters built containment lines, dug trenches, cleared out brush, and sprayed hot spots with water.
WILFIRES IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA: LEONA VALLEY AND KERN COUNTY NO DEATHS AS THOUSANDS EVACUATED JULY 27 – AUGUST 3, 2010
Wildfires happen every year in California, so most homes of recent construction have fire resistant roofs, stucco walls, boxed eaves, and landscapes with fire- resistant vegetation.
LEONA VALLEY, CA Two jumbo planes, three water- dropping helicopters, and 1,700 firefighters worked to get ahead of the blaze that broke out around 3 p.m. on Tuesday (July 27 th ) in Leona Valley, southwest of Palmdale.
The winds generated by the fire pushed the flames north and east toward the suburbs of Los Angeles County's inland desert, causing orange flames to explode through the dry grasses, jump roads and viaducts, and speed across the rural foothills that connect Los Angeles and the high desert..
Five high-voltage transmission lines and 2,300 homes were threatened, causing contingency planning and evacuation of homes in the community of Leona Valley and parts of Palmdale to be evacuated on Friday (July 30th). As of Friday (July 30), there was zero containment of the Leona Valley wildfire.
Further north in Kern County, good weather helped firefighters achieve 44 % containment for two wildfires burning in remote mountain communities near Tehachapi, on the western edge of the Mojave Desert.
Vegetation that hadn't burned in more than a century was fuel for the 2010 Kern County fire.
RUSSIAN PRESIDENT MEDVEDEV DECLARES STATE OF EMERGENCY 600 WILDFIRES KILL 34 AND BURN 309,000 ACRES IN 7 REGIONS JULY 29 – AUGUST 13, 2010
Wildfires happen in Russia about once every 30 to 40 years, so communities generally lack capability for fire fighting.
The hottest temperatures in 130 years across much of western and central Russia topped 35 degrees C (95 F) during a 5-week period, causing 19 peat bog fires and creating conditions that exacerbated wildfires and drought.
On July 29, forests in the Moscow region's Kolomna district caught fire.
14 regions were declared an emergency situation and nearly 86,000 people were evacuated. The fires destroyed more than 1,800 homes, leaving nearly 5,000 people homeless. Several villages in the Nizhny Novgorod, Voronezh and Ryazan regions were reduced to ashes.
PRIME MINISTER PUTIN: “VILLAGES TO BE REBUILT BEFORE WINTER”
Russia deployed nearly a quarter of a million people (comprised of the military, professionals, and volunteers) and 25,000 pieces of equipment (including planes and helicopters) to fight the fires.
STRONG WINDS AND 32 C – 42 C TEMPERATURES HINDERED FIREFIGHTING
Moscow was veiled in acrid smoke from the fires, causing landmarks to disappear from view and commuters to hold handkerchiefs to their faces
Russia received help from the following countries: France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Turkey, and the USA, as well as from former Soviet Republics: Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The USA delivered firefighting equipment (valued at $2.5 million (euro 2 million)) and the State of California contributed fire- protective clothing.
25,000 fire hotspots were burning in five of the country's nine regions on Friday, August 20, engulfing as much as 1.5 million hectares of land.
The fires were started illegally by farmers who burn forests and grasslands in the summer to renew and expand their agricultural lands.
The original fires spread quickly due to dry conditions exacerbated by drought and high winds, the latter carrying smoldering embers through the air and caused additional blazes. Soon, there were 25,000 heat sources from fires of various sizes, burning mostly in the east near Brazil in the departments of Cochabamba, Beni, Santa Cruz and Pando.
PRESIDENT EVO MORALES DECLARES STATE OF EMERGENCY
Bolivia’s President Morales said that his country was not properly equipped with planes, helicopters, and enough firefighters to handle the wildfires, and asked for help from neighbors Brazil and Argentina.
THE FIRST LARGE WILDFIRE IN 50 YEARS RAVAGES BOULDER, COLORADO AN EXAMPLE OF NOT HAVING THE CAPACITY WHEN AN INFREQUENT HAZARDOUS EVENT HAPPENS SEPTEMBER 6-9, 2010
The largest wildfire in Boulder county in 50 years was started by an automobile accidentally hitting a propane tank.
3,500 residents were forced to flee their homes to escape the fast moving fire that burned more than 7,120 acres of very dry trees and brush.