Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Transit Signal Priority Applications New Technologies, New Opportunities Peter Koonce, PE APTA BRT Conference – Seattle, WA Wednesday, May 5, 2009 Technology.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Transit Signal Priority Applications New Technologies, New Opportunities Peter Koonce, PE APTA BRT Conference – Seattle, WA Wednesday, May 5, 2009 Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Transit Signal Priority Applications New Technologies, New Opportunities Peter Koonce, PE APTA BRT Conference – Seattle, WA Wednesday, May 5, 2009 Technology Evolution in Transit Signal Priority Applications

3 Today’s Message Transit signal priority relies on cities, counties, and state transportation agencies that manage infrastructure By seeking mutually beneficial solutions for transit preferential treatments we can build partnerships that deliver quality transit Implementation of TSP is predicated on the policies of these agencies

4 Traffic Engineer’s Transit definition Light Rail Bus Exclusive Right-of-way Guaranteed priority or preemption Mixed Traffic Limited amenities and preferential treatment

5 The problem - buses in mixed flow

6 Exclusive bus lanes are the best option, but mixed flow is the general rule Transit Signal Priority and other improvements can reduce costs and help us meet our objectives

7 Traffic Signal Timing Traditional signal timing considers traffic moving from intersection to intersection Primary objective is minimizing delay for vehicles Time Distance

8 Modifies signal timing slightly recognizing buses operate differently then private automobiles Provides an opportunity to reduce bus delay Dwell at Stop Delay at Signal Time Distance Transit Signal Priority

9 Transit Signal Priority – Red Truncation Opens windows of opportunity for transit vehicles to reduce signal delay Signal controllers have different levels of functionality red truncation With Without

10 Transit Signal Priority – Green Extension Opens windows of opportunity for transit vehicles to potentially eliminate signal delay –“Borrow or Take” green extension With Without

11 Transit Signal Priority Application Recognize its not so important how much green for transit, but green at the right time –Shorter cycle lengths typically reduce delay for transit vehicles (passive) –Signal priority also provides greater flexibility

12 TSP Applied on Time Space Diagram Application of TSP on two intersections Time Distance Red Truncation Green Extension

13 Standard Approach to TSP Message Assess bus stop location Determine traffic signal capabilities Set detection range in field based on estimate of speed

14 Vehicle Detection Systems Various technology alternatives based on system architecture –Optical detector –Radio based –WiFi

15 Bus Detection Technology – Infrared Optical Advantages –Existing equipment on all many intersections –Proven technology –Lower Costs if already installed for Emergency Vehicle Preemption Disadvantages –Line of sight –Limited information transmitted –Proprietary An optical emitter as installed on a bus in Portland, OR. The lens has a polarized cover that allows the infrared signal to be sent to the intersection.

16 Bus Detection System – Simple Concept

17 Bus Detection Technology – Radio Based (900 MHz) Disadvantages: –Early products remain proprietary in nature –Limited two-way communication is provided Advantages: – Efficient Vehicle-to- intersection communication – Potential for vehicle-to- external system communication – Reduced implementation costs

18 Bus Detection Technology – Wireless (2.4/4.9 GHz) Wireless Advantages : –Ability to transmit data packets (not just vehicle ID/class) –Additional shared applications beyond TSP Disadvantages: –Requires coordination with IT staff –Muncipal WiFi experience has been challenging –Higher costs

19 Future Approach to TSP Messages Assess bus stop location Determine traffic signal capabilities –Measure traffic conditions to affect plan –Measure transit conditions (late, etc?) Set detection range in field based on estimate of speed –Base detection range on actual or anticipated speed –Use estimation of queuing –Update message to confirm arrival

20 Concept of Operations for an Advanced System Smart Bus System –AVL and schedule is integrated on bus –Bus requests priority at local controller –Priority Granted at local controller and feedback is provided to transit and traffic management center

21 Existing AVL Criteria

22 Additional Possible Criteria Is the bus going to stop at a nearside location? –Bus stop requested? –Vehicle diagnostics? What is the current ridership? –Did the bus stop here yesterday? –Does it normally stop? What time of day is it? –Is there traffic congestion? –Are we competing with other buses?

23 Priority Request Server Information Measure traffic conditions to “update” green time available Accept priority request when bus is in range based on anticipated speed and estimated queue Provide feedback between agencies

24 Practical Benefits of a TSP System: Building the ITS Network through Shared Goals Decision for TSP (circa 1997) –Helped enable Fire Preemption System and Opticom system (security) upgrades Decision for TSP – Today –Wireless network based –TSP could enable communication to intersections previously unconnected

25 Summary Partnerships are needed to build the transportation system to meet the goals of tomorrow

26 Questions Peter Koonce


Download ppt "Transit Signal Priority Applications New Technologies, New Opportunities Peter Koonce, PE APTA BRT Conference – Seattle, WA Wednesday, May 5, 2009 Technology."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google