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The History of Presbyterianism in the United States Part 1: The Broader Picture A – The Contextual Landscape.

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Presentation on theme: "The History of Presbyterianism in the United States Part 1: The Broader Picture A – The Contextual Landscape."— Presentation transcript:

1 The History of Presbyterianism in the United States Part 1: The Broader Picture A – The Contextual Landscape

2 Master Timeline United StatesEurope 1620 – Mayflower lands 1730s-1743 – 1 st Great Awakening – American Rev – 2 nd Great Awakening 1830 – Book of Mormon – 3 rd Great Awakening – American Civil War 1870 – Scottish Common Sense 1889 – Moody Bible Institute 1891 – Briggs’ address 1909 – Scofield Reference Bible 1910 – Pres. G.A.: 5 Fundamentals – World War I 1922 – “Shall Fund.s Win?” 1923 – The Auburn Affirmation 1925 – The Scopes Trial 1929 – Westminster Theo. Seminary 1936 – Orthodox Presbyterian Ch – John Mackay, Princeton Sem – Westminster Confession of Faith – Age of European Enlightenment & of Scottish Common Sense Philosophy 1770s-1900 – Rise of German Higher Criticism – French Revolution 1827 – Plymouth Brethren begin meeting 1833 – Slavery Abolition Act of England Charles Darwin – Origin of Species – Darby travels to the United States 1919 – Rise of Neo-Orthodoxy United States (cont.) 1937 – Death of J. Gresham Machen - Bible Presbyterian Ch. (McIntyre) 1966 – RTS, Jackson, MI 1967 – Confession of ‘67, Book of Confessions 1973 – PCA 1983 – Union of UPCUSA & PCUS

3 Spiritual Context Westminster Conf. of Faith Francis Makemie arrived in MD First Great Awakening – 1730s-1743 Second Great Awakening – J. Smith publishes the Book of Mormon Third Great Awakening – 1850s-1900s War Between the States – Jehovah’s Witnesses st World War –          

4 Francis Makemie –

5 Makemie Memorial Presbyterian Church Snow Hill, MD 1 st Presbyterian church to call a minister through an American Presbytery Present Building, 1887

6 New Castle Presbyterian Church, New Castle, Delaware Building, 1707

7 Westminster Conf. of Faith Francis Makemie arrived in MD First Great Awakening – 1730s-1743 College of New Jersey – 1746 Princeton Seminary Second Great Awakening – J. Smith publishes the Book of Mormon War Between the States – Jehovah’s Witnesses st World War – Spiritual Context

8 Westminster Conf. of Faith Francis Makemie arrived in MD First Great Awakening – 1730s-1743 College of New Jersey – 1746 Princeton Seminary Second Great Awakening – J. Smith publishes the Book of Mormon War Between the States – Jehovah’s Witnesses st World War –

9 Spiritual Context Westminster Conf. of Faith Francis Makemie arrived in MD First Great Awakening – 1730s-1743 College of New Jersey – 1746 Princeton Seminary Second Great Awakening – J. Smith publishes the Book of Mormon War Between the States – Jehovah’s Witnesses st World War –

10 Context of Worldwide Events – American Revolution – French Revolution 1890s – Great Changes across the landscape ▫2 nd Industrial Revolution in the U.S. ▫A “Great Depression” ( ) 1 st World War ( ) “The Great Depression” ( s & 40s) 2 nd World War ( ) Baby Boom Generation ( )

11 Philosophical Context Critique of Pure Reason, Kant – Age of Enlightenment Late 18 th & early 19 th c. – Scottish Common Sense Realism, James McCosh, President, Princeton University, 1868 German Higher Criticism Late 19 th c – Frederich Nietzsche

12 Ideas Have Consequences “Strict Calvinists had maintained that the human mind was blinded in mankind’s Fall from innocence; in the Common Sense [philosophy ] version, the intellect seemed to suffer from a slight astigmatism only. Moreover, one of the first dictates of Common Sense philosophy was that individuals were moral agents capable of free choice. These premises … were at odds with traditional views of determinism and depravity.” (Marsden, p. 16)

13 Ideas Have Consequences “The Protestant doctrine of the perspicuity [ie., clarity of understanding] of Scripture provided a further basis for the belief that the common person could readily understand Biblical teaching. Common Sense paralleled this doctrine with its insistence on the perspicuity of nature. … God’s truth was unified, so it was inevitable that science would confirm Scripture. … The old order of American Protestantism was based on the interrelationship of faith, science, the Bible, morality, and civilization. It was about to crumble.” (Marsden, p )

14 Master Timeline United StatesEurope 1620 – Mayflower lands 1730s-1743 – 1 st Great Awakening – American Rev – 2 nd Great Awakening 1830 – Book of Mormon – 3 rd Great Awakening – American Civil War 1870 – Scottish Common Sense 1889 – Moody Bible Institute 1891 – Briggs’ address 1909 – Scofield Reference Bible 1910 – Pres. G.A.: 5 Fundamentals – World War I 1922 – “Shall Fund.s Win?” 1923 – The Auburn Affirmation 1925 – The Scopes Trial 1929 – Westminster Theo. Seminary 1936 – Orthodox Presbyterian Ch – John Mackay, Princeton Sem – Westminster Confession of Faith – Age of European Enlightenment & of Scottish Common Sense Philosophy 1770s-1900 – Rise of German Higher Criticism – French Revolution 1827 – Plymouth Brethren begin meeting 1833 – Slavery Abolition Act of England Charles Darwin – Origin of Species – Darby travels to the United States 1919 – Rise of Neo-Orthodoxy United States (cont.) 1937 – Death of J. Gresham Machen - Bible Presbyterian Ch. (McIntyre) 1966 – RTS, Jackson, MI 1967 – Confession of ‘67, Book of Confessions 1973 – PCA 1983 – Union of UPCUSA & PCUS

15 New Covenant Presbyterian Church Preaching God’s Sovereign Grace to a World of Need 128 St. Mary’s Church Rd., Abingdon, MD


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