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© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 1 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning BELLWORK In your opinion, list 5 things that should be addressed when preparing for an emergency in athletics. 1
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 2 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 5 Emergency Preparedness: Injury Game Plan
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 3 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to: –Define emergency preparedness –Discuss the importance of a written action plan for emergencies –List the components of the emergency plan –State the roles of everyone involved in an athletic emergency –Activate the EMS system 3
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 4 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Objectives (cont’d.) Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to (cont’d.): –Identify the difference between defined medical emergencies and non-emergencies –Explain why athletic emergency cards are important 4
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 5 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Preparedness Be properly equipped and trained for any medical crisis or disaster –Athletic injuries can occur at any time Sports medicine team must be prepared –Emergency plans help ensure the best care is provided Athletic organizations must develop an emergency plan 5
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 6 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Preparedness con’t Preparation for Emergency Action Plan includes: –formulation of Plan –proper coverage of events –maintenance of emergency equipment & supplies –use of appropriate medical personnel –continuing education in emergency medicine
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 7 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (EAP) Should be customized to fit needs of organization –Should specify needs within 4 categories: Emergency personnel Emergency communication Emergency equipment Transportation 7
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 8 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) Should outline emergency personnel roles –Generally the first responder is a member of the athletic training staff Athletic training staff is, at a minimum, trained in CPR and first aid All members are responsible for knowing and being able to implement the emergency action plan 8
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 9 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning BELLWORK What does “EAP” stand for? List the 4 main components of an EAP.
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 10 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) Each member should be assigned specific roles –Immediate care should be done by the most qualified –Others should be assigned to locate and obtain emergency equipment what & where Coach or ATSAs –One member should be assigned to activate the emergency medical service (EMS) system Communicate clearly & calmly Know venue specifics & direct EMS to scene 10
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 11 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) Emergency communication –Good working relationships ensure the best care meet with EMS at beginning of school year –Staff must have access to a telephone or telecommunications device A backup plan should be in place in case the primary communications system is inoperable Procedure should be in place for communicating the situation to EMS providers 11
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 12 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) Information for EMS –Name, address, and phone # of caller –# of athletes injured –Care & treatment being provided –Accurate directions Hang up last!
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 13 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) All equipment that might be necessary for an emergency must be: –Readily accessible –In good working condition –Checked before each event or competition Includes ice, first-aid kit, splints, equipment removal devices, AED, etc. 13
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 14 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Action Plan (cont’d.) EMS providers and an ambulance should be on standby at any event where there is a high risk of traumatic injury –lessens response time for EMS –ensures injured athlete receives timely, proper care Consider experience of EMS providers Ambulance should have clear access to site 14
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 15 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Did you know…? Greatest number of catastrophic injuries : FALLWINTERSPRING FootballWrestlingBaseball
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 16 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Identifying a Medical Emergency Defined medical emergencies consist of: –Breathing cessation, severe bleeding, no pulse, concussion with loss of consciousness, neck or spinal injury, fractures, dislocations, eye injuries, severe asthma attack, heat- related illness, or any injury causing signs of shock –Shock is a complete shutdown of cardiovascular system precursor to death 16
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 17 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Identifying a Medical Emergency (cont’d.) Non-emergencies consist of all other injuries where life or limb is not threatened –Abrasions, minor cuts, strains, sprains, minor concussions without loss of consciousness, and contusions (bruises) Report ALL injuries to athletic training staff 17
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 18 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Emergency Medical Cards Each athlete must have an up-to-date emergency information profile on record –Nearest relative or guardian –Medical information –Hospital preference –Family doctor’s phone numbers –Parental permission to treat and transport 18
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 19 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Conclusion Emergency preparedness is the central element of a superior sports medicine program The emergency preparedness team consists of everyone involved in athletics The emergency plan must be documented and agreed upon by all parties Being properly prepared is crucial 19
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 20 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Conclusion (cont’d.) Encourage ownership of the emergency plan Understand the difference between defined medical emergencies and non- emergencies Emergency medical cards should be on the sideline of every practice and game 20
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 21 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning EAP Activity Analyze Santa Rita facilities (BB, SB, FB/SC, gym/tennis) Create map of assigned venue Create EAP for assigned venue Scenarios
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 22 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Create an Emergency Action Plan One EAP per team—one venue per team Final Plan MUST be typed!!! Due Friday, October 1 at beginning of class 20 point assignment—not Eagle Points
© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 1 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning PowerPoint Presentation to Accompany.
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