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4th Annual Enterprise Security Asia Conference February 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Bright Ideas on Business Privacy Stephen Cobb, CISSP Cobb Associates.

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Presentation on theme: "4th Annual Enterprise Security Asia Conference February 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Bright Ideas on Business Privacy Stephen Cobb, CISSP Cobb Associates."— Presentation transcript:

1 4th Annual Enterprise Security Asia Conference February 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Bright Ideas on Business Privacy Stephen Cobb, CISSP Cobb Associates

2 cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 2 of 13 Open Want tight controls over their personal data at all times Don’t ever care who has access to their personal data May share some of their data sometimes Will share most of their data most of the time Closed (Note: There is no “correct” rating) The Privacy Meter What’s Your Privacy Rating?

3 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 3 of 13 Personally Identifiable Information Information that relates to an individual who can be identified, directly or indirectly, from the data, particularly by reference to an identification number or aspects of his or her physical, mental, economic, cultural, or social identity. Which one or two of the following are your greatest concerns over the next century? –Loss of privacy 29% –Overpopulation 23% –Terrorist acts 23% –Racial tensions 17% –World War 16% –Global warming 14% –Economic depression 13% NBC News/ WSJ - Sept. 1999

4 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 4 of 13 The Privacy Challenge Remember when cars were the greatest thing? –Then came smog, the oil crisis, etc. Remember when computers were the greatest? –Then came security holes and the privacy crisis Amount of information computerized in last 10 years is staggering, and connectivity has exploded Not everyone is happy with all the uses to which those data have been put, particularly the way some companies have used PII –personally identifiable information

5 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 5 of 13 Privacy Was Front Page News Before 9/11

6 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 6 of 13 Privacy Concerns Are Clearly Increasing Fundamentalists want more privacy rules. Pragmatists favor self- regulation. Survey of 1500 consumers by Privacy and American Business

7 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 7 of 13 Eli Lilly Case As part of prozac.com, individual reminders to 700 people who used their reminder service Lilly discontinued the service and notice was sent to the entire list, using “cc” and not “bcc” thus revealing addresses of recipients to all FTC investigated as an “unfair or deceptive trade practice” because customers had been led to believe that their identities would be kept secret. Incident was not “intentional” but occurred because of a lack of privacy awareness and poor security practices in programming department Settlement requires 10 years of FTC oversight and annual security review by third-party (CISSP)

8 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 8 of 13 Cost of “A Privacy Blowout” - Forester Research, Feb 2001 Report (www.forrester.com)

9 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 9 of 13 Millions of Dollars Are at Stake In 2006, data breaches cost an average of $182 per compromised record - Ponemon Institute Royal Bank of Canada calculated shareholder value of consumer and retail business at $9 billion RBC took a privacy positive stance, re-engineered its IT systems to track customer privacy preferences, respected by all bank departments, affiliates RBC determined that privacy drives 7% of demand for the bank’s consumer/retail business That values privacy at $630 million!

10 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 10 of 13 Seven basic privacy principles 1. Notice: Organizations must notify individuals about the purposes for which they collect and use information about them. 2. Choice: Organizations must give individuals the opportunity to choose (opt out) 3. Onward Transfer (Transfers to Third Parties): To disclose information to a third party, organizations must apply the notice and choice principles. 4. Access: Individuals must have access to personal information... and be able to correct, amend, or delete that information where it is inaccurate

11 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 11 of 13 Seven basic privacy principles 5. Security: reasonable precautions to protect personal information from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. 6. Data integrity: data must be relevant for the purposes used...and reliable for its intended use, accurate, complete, and current. 7. Enforcement: to ensure compliance, there must be (a) readily available and affordable independent recourse mechanisms; (b) procedures for verifying that the commitments to the safe harbor principles have been implemented; and (c) obligations to remedy problems arising out of a failure to comply with the principles.

12 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 12 of 13 3-step privacy program Target –Find current privacy exposures and prioritize –Talk to department heads, map data flows, ask questions, especially of marketing Treat –Make necessary changes and then institute policies and procedures to prevent recurrence Train –Make sure everyone understands the importance of privacy, especially anyone who touches PII –This goes a lot further than customer service, e.g. contracts, programming, product development

13 Cobb Associates cobbassociates.com Copyright 2007 Stephen Cobb Slide 13 of 13 Thank you! Stephen Cobb cobbassociates.com sc at cobbassociates dot com


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