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1. 2 LNF FLAME DAFNE LINAC SPARC BTF DAFNE-light.

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Presentation on theme: "1. 2 LNF FLAME DAFNE LINAC SPARC BTF DAFNE-light."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 LNF FLAME DAFNE LINAC SPARC BTF DAFNE-light

3 3DAΦNE

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5 F.Riggi, Microcosmo e macrocosmo, Vacanze studio Gennaio 2002

6 ATLAS experiment at LHC

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9 CERN e Athena

10 0.5 g of matter & 0.5 g of antimatter -> Hiroshima bomb E=mc 2 1 g of antimatter at CERN 10 9 years!

11 Positron Electron Tomography One injects in the patient a substance containing a radioactive isotope (as C11 – glucosium). The radioactive substance is produced in an accelerator ( a ciclotron) It is a technique used to see inside the body A PET apparatus has ~  Ray detectors

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15 Computerized Tomography

16 CT allows to have a 3-dmensional map of the body

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22 The 3,300-year-old mummy of King Tutankhamun is scanned to assess the need for restoration and also to attempt to discover the cause of his early death (January 2005) ( Computed Tomography Imaging (CT Scan )

23 Hadron therapy The eye melanoma are curable almost Exclusively by hadron therapy The eye melanoma are curable almost Exclusively by hadron therapy The cure with a proton beam allows to deposit A big quantity of energy only in the tumoral region The cure with a proton beam allows to deposit A big quantity of energy only in the tumoral region Hadrons (as protons or ions. C) can be used to cure tumors. To do this one uses accelerators.

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25 Adroterapia in Italy (CNAO)

26 26 X-ray (or particle) source Detector Object to study

27 Each element has a particular (characteristic) energy in the X-ray spectrum Nello spettro di fluorescenza dell’affresco di Lorenzo Lotto si nota la presenza di ferro (Fe) e di oro (Au). Physics and art

28 Pentimenti Le Sueur – musa Urania (particolare)

29 Pigment analyses Leonardo Da Vinci – La Gioconda

30 Painting on another painting Rembrandt – Portrait of young man Titus

31 Blood search

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34 Cellini - Perseo Esempio di influenza della patina sullo spettro.

35 XRF bronze

36 Electron microscope

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39 The Global Position System (GPS)

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43 The Global Position System (GPS) e la relativita’! 1 orbit ~ 12 hours  t 01 – t 01 ’ ~ s   D ~ 18 m v = 3.87 Km/s t 01 – t 01 ’  t 01 Due to other effects connected to general relativity  D ~ 100 m

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47 Dark Energy 73% Dark Matter 23% “Normal Matter” 4%

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