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DESpec spectrographs Jennifer Marshall Darren DePoy Texas A&M University.

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Presentation on theme: "DESpec spectrographs Jennifer Marshall Darren DePoy Texas A&M University."— Presentation transcript:

1 DESpec spectrographs Jennifer Marshall Darren DePoy Texas A&M University

2 Prototype design: VIRUS clone 10 fiber-fed unit spectrographs, 400 fibers each Wavelength range nm in one arm Resolution at 950 nm = 3167 Uses 2 DECam CCDs in each arm Based on VIRUS design

3 VIRUS The first highly- replicated instrument in optical astronomy 150+ channel fiber-fed Integral Field Spectrograph placing >33, ” dia fibers on sky nm coverage and R~700

4 VIRUS spectrographs Simple design –Single reflection spherical collimator –Schmidt camera Two lenses + one spherical mirror –VPH grating High throughput Unit spectrographs packaged in pairs

5 Texas A&M’s role in HETDEX Participate in optical and mechanical design of VIRUS Fabrication and procurement of VIRUS components Assemble VIRUS unit spectrographs Optically align instruments in lab Ship to McDonald

6 HETDEX+VIRUS specs Wavelength: 350 – 550 nm Resolution: R~700 Integration time: t=20 minute Fiber diameter: 1.5” on sky Sensitivity –Line flux limit 3.5e-17 –Continuum detection g AB ~22 mag

7 Flexibility of VIRUS design VIRUS design is readily adaptable to other fiber-fed spectrograph systems –Easy to change resolution, wavelength range, etc. with simple redesigns Has already been used as basis of new spectrograph design –LRS2, a moderate resolution red-optimized spectrograph for HET

8 DESpec as VIRUS clone Relatively straightforward redesign of VIRUS can produce DESpec –Change grating –Reoptimize coatings –Refractive camera?

9 Alternate design: two arms 10 fiber-fed unit spectrographs, 400 fibers each Increased wavelength range Two arms, blue ( ) and red ( ) Different resolution in each arm –625 nm, R~1923 –950 nm, R~3276 Uses 2 DECam CCDs in each arm Significant design modification from VIRUS –Similar optical layout to GMACS

10 GMACS Wide-field, multi-object optical spectrograph for GMT Four quadrants with two arms (red and blue) each –One quadrant could be modified to become DESpec unit spectrographs

11 How to decide Need science input to provide instrument requirements: –Wavelength range –Resolution –Density of targets/number of fibers –Fiber size on sky

12 Work required to design DESpec as VIRUS clone Science input for instrument requirements New optical design for camera Mechanical redesign of camera Mechanical design of instrument mounting scheme on telescope Cooling system redesign

13 Work required to design DESpec as VIRUS clone We would need about 2 years of engineering effort for redesign A&M could assemble and test spectrographs in ~2 years –Lots of experience from VIRUS! These are estimates; will require more careful schedule/planning

14 Work required to design DESpec two-arm design More optical and mechanical design work required –Increases cost May need non-DECam CCDs for blue channel –Increases cost

15 Summary VIRUS design could be easily and relatively cheaply adapted to DESpec spectrographs –Two-arm re-design is more involved but possible Would need ~10 spectrographs 3-4 years of effort in redesign and assembly

16 Sky lines

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23 ResolutionPercent FreeResolutionPercent Free


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