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New Employee Safety Orientation 1 Safety Statistics Fourteen thousand Americans die from on- the-job accidents every year A worker is injured every 18.

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Presentation on theme: "New Employee Safety Orientation 1 Safety Statistics Fourteen thousand Americans die from on- the-job accidents every year A worker is injured every 18."— Presentation transcript:

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2 New Employee Safety Orientation 1

3 Safety Statistics Fourteen thousand Americans die from on- the-job accidents every year A worker is injured every 18 seconds Most accidents occur within an employee’s first six months on a new job 2

4 School District Responsibility Establish and supervise: – A safe and healthful working environment – A written Accident Prevention Program – Safety and health training programs Equipment that meets WISHA safety and health standards Records of occupational injuries/illnesses 3

5 Safety Training Employee Safety Orientation On-the-Job training Departmental Safety Meetings A Hazard Communication program Emergency Evacuation Plan A Fire Prevention Plan A Bloodborne Pathogens Program Other job-specific programs as determined by a Job Hazard Analysis 4

6 Safety Communication Safety Bulletin Boards Safety notices Safety suggestions 5

7 Safety Committee Conducts safety inspections Investigates accidents Reviews safety policies and procedures Reviews work conditions for accident prevention Reviews and responds to safety suggestions and questions 6

8 Safety Rules General safety rules – Observe all safety warning signs – Maintain housekeeping – Keep emergency equipment accessible – No horseplay – Wear required PPE Disciplinary actions ????????????? 7

9 Safe Clothing - PPE Don’t wear loose clothing Don’t wear jewelry Wear protective shoes such as hard leather with slip-resistant soles (steel toes and shanks are a plus) Obtain prescription safety glasses Tie back long hair 8

10 Personal Protective Equipment PPE required throughout the facility PPE required in specific departments Recommended PPE Issuance of PPE 9

11 Accidents and Injuries Promptly report each workplace injury or occupational illness to your supervisor. Submit an Incident Investigation Form. Near-miss reporting also. 10

12 If an Incident Happens 11

13 To Whom Do I Go? Your Supervisor 12

14 13

15 Supervisor also adds comments. 14

16 Filing a Claim Seek first aid or medical attention if needed. Inform your supervisor immediately. Fill-out and submit an Incident Investigation Form. Do not file an L&I State Fund Claim Form. Contact NEWSD 101 Claims or to obtain a claim number. They will help you through the entire process. 15

17 Evacuation Procedures Recognize the evacuation signal and listen for instructions Shut down equipment using the emergency stop Go directly to the nearest safe exit Proceed to the assembly area 16

18 Reasons for Evacuation Natural disasters (e.g., flood, earthquake) Man-made disasters (e.g., a bomb) Fire, Smoke, Explosion Chemical release Violent intruder incident Other? 17

19 Need to Know Nearest safe exit and at least one alternative exit route for any building you are in.Nearest safe exit and at least one alternative exit route for any building you are in. Location of fire alarm pull stations and fire extinguishers.Location of fire alarm pull stations and fire extinguishers. Do not go back into the building until cleared by authorized person!Do not go back into the building until cleared by authorized person! 18

20 HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS – Federal & State Standards – Written Hazard Communication Program – Employee Information and Training – Hazard Determination – Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) – Labels and Other Forms of Warning – Common Violations 19

21 Right To Know – WAC Hazard Communication Program Manufactures are to assess the chemical hazards – Produce Labels – Material Safety Data Sheets 20

22 Employee Information and Training – Employers must provide you with information and training on hazards and hazardous substances in your work area – This must be documented. – This must be accomplished at the time of your initial assignment and whenever a new hazard is introduced into the work area. 21

23 You must be briefed on: – Any operations that involve hazardous chemicals – The location of the Written Hazard Communication Program – How to determine exposure/release of a hazardous chemical – Physical and health hazards – Protective precautions – The MSDS – The labeling system MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDS) CONTENTS

24 What is a “hazardous chemical”? A hazardous chemical is any chemical that can do harm to your body. Most industrial chemicals can harm you at some level. It depends how much gets into your body. 23

25 Hazard Communication How do hazardous chemicals affect the body? The effect a certain chemical has on the body depends on several factors: The physical form of the chemical How the chemical enters the body The amount of chemical that actually enters the body - the dose How toxic (poisonous) the chemical is 24

26 How Chemicals Enter the Body There Are Three Routes of Entry: Ingestion – swallowing the chemical Inhalation – breathing in the chemical Absorption – the chemical soaks through the skin 25

27 Chemical Toxicity Chronic Toxicity and Acute Toxicity Some chemicals will only make you sick if you get an ‘acute” or high dose all at once. Example - ammonia Some materials are mainly known for their chronic or long-term effects. Example - asbestos Most chemicals have both acute and chronic effects. Example – carbon monoxide 26

28 Identifying the Agent/Product 27

29 Labeling – Containers must be labeled with contents -- Includes secondary containers – Label must contain the common and chemical name of the substance; the fire, reactivity, and health hazards of the substance; protective equipment/procedures required; and the name and address of the manufacturer CLEAN ALL ALLDEGREASER WARNING: WARNING 28

30 Safe Use Read the product labels Hazardous products must be handled with respect! Read labels and follow directions carefully. Words to look for: DANGER - WARNING - CAUTION Poison: can injure or kill if absorbed through the skin, ingested or inhaled. Toxic: can cause injury or death if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. Irritant: causes soreness or swelling of skin, eyes, mucous membranes, or respiratory system. Flammable: easily catches fire and tends to burn rapidly. Flammable Liquid: has a flash point below 140°F (100°F for US DOT purposes). Combustible Liquid: has a flash point from 140°F (100°F for US DOT purposes) to 200°F Corrosive: a chemical or its vapors that can cause a material or living tissue to be destroyed. 29

31 May be harmful if swallowed Indicates a risk of exposure through ingestion. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using this product, and wash hands thoroughly when finished. Use with adequate ventilation Indicates a risk of exposure through inhalation. Work outdoors, use in an area with very good airflow to the outdoors, or wear an appropriate respirator. Avoid skin contact Indicates a risk of exposure through skin absorption or that the product could damage the skin. Wear appropriate gloves and protective clothing. Avoid eye contact Indicates a risk of eye damage. Wear chemical splash goggles. Avoid if pregnant Indicates that the product could harm a developing fetus. SAFE USE How do you identify if a product is hazardous? Read the label Label 30

32 HMIS Hazardous Labeling System The Hazardous Materials Identification System, HMIS®, was developed by the National Paint & Coatings Association (NPCA) to help employers comply with OSHA's Hazard Communication (HCS), 29 CFR National Paint & Coatings Association (NPCA)29 CFR The system utilizes colored bars, numbers and symbols to convey the hazards of chemicals used in the workplace. chemicals 31

33 NFPA hazard diamond Health Hazard Flammable Instability Special Hazards 32

34 Health Hazard 4 Very short exposure could cause death or serious residual injury even though prompt medical attention was given. 3 Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury even though prompt medical attention was given. 2 Intense or continued exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury unless prompt medical attention is given. 1 Exposure could cause irritation but only minor residual injury even if no treatment is given.irritation 0 Exposure under fire conditions would offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible materials.combustible 33

35 Flammability 4 Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily.normal pressure and temperatureair 3 Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient conditions. 2 Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high temperature before ignition can occur. 1 Must be preheated before ignition can occur. 0 Materials that will not burn. 34

36 Instability 4 Readily capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or reaction at normal temperatures and pressures.explosivedecompositionnormal temperatures and pressures 3 Capable of detonation or explosive reaction, but requires a strong initiating source or must be heated under confinement before initiation, or reacts explosively with water.explosivereacts explosively with water 2 Normally unstable and readily undergo violent decomposition but do not detonate. Also: may react violently with water or may form potentially explosive mixtures with water. decompositionreact violently with waterexplosivemixtures 1 Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures or may react with water with some release of energy, but not violently.react with water with some release of energy 0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and are not reactive with water. 35

37 This section is used to denote special hazards. There are only two NFPA 704 approved symbols: Special Hazards ACIDThis indicates that the material is an acid, a corrosive material that has a pH lower than 7.0acidcorrosive materialpH ALKThis denotes an alkaline material, also called a base. These caustic materials have a pH greater than 7.0basepH CORThis denotes a material that is corrosive (it could be either an acid or a base).corrosive This is a another symbol used for corrosivecorrosive The skull and crossbones is used to denote a poison or highly toxic material.poisonhighly toxic The international symbol for radioactivity is used to denote radioactive hazards; radioactive materials are extremely hazardous when inhaled.inhaled Indicates an explosive material. This symbol is somewhat redundant because explosives are easily recognized by their Instability Rating.explosiveInstability Rating OX This denotes an oxidizer, a chemical which can greatly increase the rate of combustion/fire.oxidizerchemicalcombustion Unusual reactivity with water. This indicates a potential hazard using water to fight a fire involving this material.Unusual reactivity with water 36

38 Common Violations Unlabeled Secondary Container Not sealed 37 Using food or beverage container

39 Material Safety Data Sheets – Provide vital information about hazardous chemicals – There must be an MSDS available for every chemical on the Hazardous Inventory – They must be accessible to you 24 hours a day in the immediate work area (defined as available during shift). Will be called Safety Data Sheet’s after

40 The MSDS is used by chemical manufacturers and vendors to convey hazard information to users. MSDS’s should be obtained when a chemical is purchased. MSDS must be available to all workers MSDS 17 SDS’s will be standardized 39

41 READING THE MSDS Information on the MSDS is organized in sections as follows: Identity The chemical name, trade name and manufacturers name, address and emergency phone number can be found here. Ingredients Chemical ingredients are identified. Hazards Identification: Flammable, Toxic Etc and health effects First Aid Fire Data Flash point, flammable limits, extinguishing media, unusual fire/explosion hazards, and any special fire fighting equipment are listed here. Continued on next slide... 40

42 Reading the MSDS Sections Continued Accidental Release Handling and Storage Exposure Control and Personal Protection Physical and Chemical Properties Stability and Reactivity; includes what to avoid Toxicological Properties Ecological Information Disposal Considerations Transpiration information Regulatory information Other information 41

43 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS 42

44 How to Prevent Electrical Injuries Also Avoid the following Safety Tips Never carry a tool, appliance or device by the cord. Never yank the cord to disconnect it from the receptacle. Keep cords away from heat, oil, and sharp edges Disconnect items when not in use, toasters, hot plates, coffee pots, vacuums, steam cleaners, etc 43

45 Take great care not to overload extension cords, power strips or outlets and do not connect multiple extension cords together. 44

46 Cord damage A cord may be damaged by door or window edges, by staples and fastenings, by abrasion from adjacent materials, or simply by aging. If the electrical conductors become exposed, there is a danger of shocks, burns, or fire. Strain Straining a cord can cause the strands of one conductor to loosen from under terminal screws and touch another conductor. Ground pin Removing the ground pin from a plug to fit an ungrounded outlet 45

47 How we hurt our backs Lifting heavy items. Pushing or pulling heavy items. Taking objects from shelves. Picking items off of floor or ground Repetitive motions such as vacuuming, wiping, scanning, or key boarding. Twisting or turning while lifting or carrying objects 46

48 Safe Lifting Do “toe test” to determine how heavy an object is. Do “toe test” to determine how heavy an object is. Hold Load Close to Body. Hold Load Close to Body. Break Loads Down to Manageable Size. Break Loads Down to Manageable Size. The body should never be turned or twisted while under the stress of heavy weight. The body should never be turned or twisted while under the stress of heavy weight. Do the actual lifting with your legs only. Do the actual lifting with your legs only. Get Help!!! Get Help!!! 47

49 Slips, trips and falls About 50% of reported slips in NEWESD 101 Schools are from snow or ice. These frequently happen when getting out of vehicle or walking across the parking lot. Biggest factors include: unaware of ice, footwear without adequate traction, and walking too fast. 48

50 Reducing injuries Wear appropriate footwear for conditions. Wear traction cleats if ice is anticipated. Walk slowly and deliberately – don’t rush! Keep hands free for balance and to catch yourself. Lean slightly forward when you walk. Less chance of serious injury if you don’t fall on your back. Report unsafe conditions immediately! 49

51 Things we Trip on Stairs Boxes Holes in ground Uneven pavement Rugs and mats Table legs/chair legs Power Cords Other: people on floor, pens, fruit 50 Most trips are avoidable with situational awareness and good housekeeping.

52 Things we fall from Ladders Chairs Stairs Desks Stage 51

53 Preventing Fall Injuries Use an appropriate ladder- never use a chair or a desk instead of a ladder. Stay within the frame of the ladder – “belt buckle rule.” If you routinely use a ladder you must be trained annually. Stay alert to leading edge of stage. Do not rush going up or down stairs. 52

54 Exits, evacuation routes, alarm pull stations Fire extinguisher locations First-aid kits MSDS location(s) Safety showers and eyewash stations Areas where special PPE is required Conclusion: Facility Walk-through 53


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