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Holiday Season Safety Tips Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

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Presentation on theme: "Holiday Season Safety Tips Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072"— Presentation transcript:

1 Holiday Season Safety Tips Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

2 Intro…………………………………............…..………………………...3 Chapter 1 What’s the Deadliest Day of the Year….....4-6 Chapter 2 Holiday Stress………………………………………..7-9 Chapter 3 Reduce Stress, Eat More Chocolate……...…..10 Chapter 4 Safest Seat on An Airplane…..……….........…11-12 Chapter 5 Sitting Can Kill……….……………………………13-14 Chapter 6 7 Safety Tips for the Holidays………………15-17 Special offer…………………………………………………………….18 TABLE OF CONTENTS: Page 2 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

3 Intro Page 3 A s the holidays approach we begin to make plans to visit family and friends. Gift shopping, workloads and travel can bring additional stress into your life. These increased burdens can turn a happy time of year into a medical emergency. It’s important to recognize the additional pressures the holidays bring and find ways to unburden your anxieties. Many accidents, injuries and certain health problems can simply be prevented. So, slow down – celebrate the joys of family and friends. Have a safe and healthy holiday season. From all of us at Health Education Services, Happy Holidays! Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

4 A ccording to the American Heart Association, Christmas (or December 25 th ) is the date with the highest number of heart attacks. The second deadliest day is the day after, December 26th, followed closely in third place by January 1st. Additionally researchers found that the 30-day mortality rate was significantly greater in patients admitted during the month of December, even though the care they received was of equally high quality in December as compared with any other month. Unfortunately, they have not been able to determine the specifics of why December is the most deadly month of the year. Many believe that certain behaviors and outside influences can have an impact. Nonetheless, taking precautions during this holiday season can improve your risk. Consider the following suggestions: Recognize the Symptoms of a Heart Attack - Signs and symptoms of a heart attack may include: severe pain or pressure in the center of the chest, sweating, dizziness, nausea, a sense of something being terribly wrong, pain radiating down from the jaw, neck, shoulders, arms, “heartburn” or feelings of indigestion, and numbness or tingling in the arms and hands. If you recognize the signs and symptoms in yourself, or someone else, seek help immediately. Prompt medical attention is the most critical aspect whether survive a heart attack! (Continued) CHAPTER 1: What’s the Deadliest Day of the Year? Page 4 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

5 Don’t Overeat or Drink - Our consumption of higher fatty foods, increased levels of alcohol and salt can put extra stress on our digestive and heart systems. It’s hard to completely avoid these foods during the holidays, but try to so in moderation. Cold Weather - Cold weather is extremely hard on the heart. It increases blood pressure due to the constricting of the blood vessels. Also blood will clot more readily in cooler temperatures. This puts additional stress on your heart. Try to avoid too much physical exertion or strenuous exercise in any cold environment. Pressure Deadlines - The extra pressure of work deadlines as well as the stress associated with holiday shopping, money worries, and family obligations can increase stress to the body. Again moderation and some type of balancing of these activities will help alleviate or reduce your stress levels. Don’t Forget Your Meds - When traveling to friends and relatives, do not forget to pack your medications. This happens more times than not and people will generally go without their medication for several days. Make sure to pack all medications as well as your physician's phone number in case of an emergency or you need him to call in an urgent RX for you when you are out of town. (Continued) Page 5 Deadliest Day Continued Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

6 Page 6 Denial Patients with symptoms of a heart attack in December may try to just “wish the symptoms away,” or attribute them to some other cause because “how can it be a heart attack??” In such cases, the victim may continue ignoring the symptoms until they can be no longer ignored. By this time, patients arrive at the hospital much later during the course of their heart attacks than they would at other times of the year. The delay in treatment may be deadly! Just because it is the “holidays,” do not think you are immune to a heart attack! If you have the symptoms, get medical help immediately! Do You Know How to Perform CPR? Deadliest Day Continued Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

7 Page 7 T he holidays normally bring with them a significant amount of additional stress. Be aware of the signs and symptoms of additional stress. Are you experiencing any of these following symptoms? Headaches, anxiety, frustration, depression, lower libido or fatigue. Other outward physical symptoms you could experience are: Muscle Spasms - Tightening and contracting muscles over an extended period of time are an indication of stress overload. This can result in tweaked muscles or muscle spasms. Eye Twitches – Caused by a condition called "Blepharospasm" or uncontrolled eyelid contractions. This may cause abnormal blinking or twitching of the eye muscles from overuse. Tattered Cuticles - Nail biting (or picking of the nails or cuticles) is a common stress reaction. Dental Health - Teeth grinding can result from excessive stress which can erode dental work. This type of damage can leave teeth susceptible to cavities. Rashes - Abundant stress can lead to rashes. The adverse effects of stress can impact the immune system and release histamines which may cause irritation and itchy bumps. Nausea - Stomach discomfort and nausea can be the result of stress. If your anxiety is causing nausea, try this simple trick: run tepid water over your fingers. Many sufferers say this helps relieve the effects of nausea. Sleepiness - Stress hormones may cause your body to release adrenaline. Adrenaline can keep you up, wide awake, and may lead to restless or missed sleep. Confusion – Inability to make simple decisions can also be the result of excessive stress levels in our bodies. (Continued) CHAPTER 2: Holiday Stress Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

8 Page 8 I f so, the next step is to choose a way to deal with your stress. One way is to avoid the event or thing that leads to your stress--but often this is not possible. An alternative might be to change how you react to stress. This is often the best way. Many of us have heard about meditation and deep breathing exercises to help manage the effects of stress. But here are a few other ideas you may want to consider: Exercise - Regular exercise is one of the best ways to manage stress. Walking is a great way to get started. Even everyday activities such as house cleaning or yard work can reduce your stress level if you do them vigorously. Stretching is also a good way to relieve muscle tension. Regular, moderate physical activity may be the single best approach to managing stress. Time Management - Learn better ways to manage your time. You may get more done with less stress if you make a schedule. Think about which things are most important, and do those first. Time management skills can allow you to spend more time with your family and friends and possibly increase your performance and productivity. This will help reduce your stress. Social Support - This type of support includes both emotional support such as love, trust, and understanding, as well as advice and concrete help such as how to manage time or money. Asking for help is not a sign of weakness. In fact, it can bring you closer to people you interact with every day, and it can significantly reduce your stress level. Holiday Stress Continued Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

9 Page 9 Visualization – This is a method of using your imagination to help you relax and release tension caused by stress. Your body responds to the images in your mind. Use simple imagery exercises for relaxing or renewing your energy when you need to relax. Laughter - A good laugh has great short-term effects. When you start to laugh, it doesn't just lighten your load mentally, it actually induces physical changes in your body. Laughter enhances your intake of oxygen-rich air, stimulates your heart, lungs and muscles, and increases the endorphins that are released by your brain. A rollicking laugh fires up and then cools down your stress response and increases your heart rate and blood pressure. The result? A good, relaxed feeling. Stress can be overwhelming. If this is the case for you, or if you feel fatigued or depressed, you may want to seek outside help from a professional Holiday Stress Continued Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

10 H ere’s a way more fun way to reduce holiday stress – eat more chocolate. Yes, a recent study done by the Nestle Research Center in Lausanne, Switzerland, showed that eating dark chocolate helped reduce the levels of stress hormones in people who had high anxiety levels. This study had participants eat a candy bar of approximately 1.4 ounces each day for two weeks. Blood test later revealed a reduced level of cortisol, a stress hormone, as well as an increase in flavonoids (an antioxidant). Higher intakes of chocolate did not prove to increase the levels of cortisol or flavonoids. The researchers cautioned that chocolate contains a high level of sugar and eating large amounts can have negative health effects. Increases in your physical weight can lead to heart disease, diabetes and other health related problems. Moderation will be the key in enjoying the beneficial effects of chocolate while still maintaining a healthy life style. Another study reported in the British Medical Journal suggests using chocolate to control hypertension and reduce cardiovascular risk. Researchers found that dark chocolate with at least 60% -70% cocoa, reduced systolic blood pressure and LDL cholesterol. This proposed chocolate regiment may prevent up to 15 cardiovascular related deaths for every 10,000 people, and would cost approximately $42 per year--a significant savings compared to conventional treatments for individuals on limited or fixed incomes. All of which helps to make it a pleasant and more sustainable treatment option. So go ahead and enjoy chocolate this holiday season. For us chocoholics, we can feel a little less guilt about our intake of the sweet indulgence. Happy Holidays! CHAPTER 3: Reduce Stress, Eat More Chocolate Page 10 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

11 Page 11 M any of us will be travelling by plane to visit family. Can where you sit on an airplane make a difference in surviving a crash? Most airlines and aeronautic experts say there isn't much of a difference but Popular Mechanics did a study of air crashes from 1971 and found some interesting information. It is recognized that there are two times during an air flight when more accidents occur. In fact, over 75% of all accidents occur either during the take-off or the landing of the aircraft. But don't let this fact deter you from flying. The statistics show that flying by commercial aircraft is 22 times safer than driving a motor vehicle on US roadways. Also the type of crash had an influence. Certain crashes changed the desired safest seat location, but on average the seats located towards the rear of the plane had the best survival rates. You may be giving away some comfort by choosing a seat toward the rear of the plane since the most stable seats, especially for those of you that contend with motion sickness, would be the ones directly over the wings. CHAPTER 4: Safest Seat on an Airplane? Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

12 Page 12 First class passengers may be more comfortable than the rest of the passengers, but the front of the plane has the lowest survival rates in air crashes. Here is the breakdown of survival rates: First Class 49% Ahead of Wing 56% Over Wing 56% Rear Cabin 69% So if you are susceptible to motion sickness, you may want to consider a seat with the least movement (over the wing), but if you are looking for safety, then selecting a seat toward the rear of the plane as your best bet. Safest Seat Continued Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

13 CHAPTER 5: Sitting Can Kill! Page 13 N ew research shows that those who spend a great deal of time sitting are 40% more likely to die than those who do not sit as much. People who sat at least eight hours per day had a 15% increased chance of death and those who sat more than 11 hours had a 40% chance of dying. Inactivity and less exercise were contributing factors but the most deadly factor was deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT refers to a blood clot that develops inside a larger vein - usually deep within the lower leg or thigh. Symptoms may include redness, swelling of the legs or pain and local tenderness. DVT causes up to 100,000 deaths each year. The immediate danger is that part of the clot can break off and travel through the bloodstream, where it can lodge in the lungs causing a blockage in blood flow, organ damage, and in many cases death. A blood clot that blocks the blood supply to the lungs is called a pulmonary embolism. Symptoms include trouble breathing, low blood pressure, fainting, faster heart rate, chest pain, and coughing up blood. If you have any of these symptoms, call 911 or go to the emergency room. The following people have an increased chance of developing a DVT: Anyone with extended bed rest People whose job entails sitting all day People who travel long distances (car, plane or train) The elderly Smokers Overweight or obese (Continued) Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

14 Treatment Compression stockings apply pressure to keep the blood in the legs from pooling and clotting. They reduce swelling and help relieve discomfort in a leg where a clot has already formed. You can get compression stockings over the counter or by prescription. Also to reduce swelling and discomfort, keep the affected leg elevated when possible. Prevention Frequent exercise also helps reduces the risk of DVT. If your job entails sitting, get-up a walk around at least once an hour. If you smoke, quit. An if you’re overweight, begin a physician-overseen weight loss program. When traveling for more than four hours, avoid tight clothing and drink plenty of water. Get up and walk around at least every two to three hours. If you have to stay in your seat, find ways to keep the legs active. Try clenching and releasing your leg muscles, or lift and lower your heels with your toes on the floor. And be sure to do plenty of sightseeing by foot once you arrive. Sitting Too Long Continued Page 14 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

15 T he holidays are a time for families to celebrate and come together. It is also the time when hospitals report increases in the number of accidents and injuries. Now is the time to pay particular attention to your health and safety. Here are seven tips to help keep you safe and healthy during the holiday season. Food Handling and Preparation - Food poisoning can put a damper on the holidays. Make sure to wash your hands before handling any food items. Clean and/or disinfect all food preparation surfaces. Avoid cross- contamination especially with meats or fowl. Cook all foods to their proper temperatures and refrigerate left-overs as soon as possible. Hand Washing - The best way to keep from getting sick and spreading germs is to wash your hands often. Plain soap and water is all you need. The use of a hand sanitizer will work when soap and water are not readily available. Avoid coughing or sneezing into your hands. The CDC now recommends that you cover your mouth or nose with your sleeve or into a disposable Kleenex, which is then immediately thrown away. Travel Safety – You’ve heard it a million times--don't drink and drive. There’s a reason why the Police and Highway Patrol increase their staffing during the holidays. Bad weather and holiday traffic increase the opportunities for accidents. Allow extra driving time. You don't want to resort to speeding or engage in reckless driving to make up time for leaving late or for unanticipated traffic delays. And always make sure everyone wears a seat-belt. CHAPTER 6: 7 Safety Tips for The Holidays Page 15 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

16 Burns - Keep children out of the kitchen while preparing meals. Hot grease needs to be kept in a safe location. Pot handles should be turned in—not sticking out from the stove. This is an opportunity for kids to pull hot liquids down on themselves or for adults to accidentally bump into the handles and spill hot items on themselves or others. Cool all burns immediately with cool running water (no butter, lard, mayonnaise, eggs, toothpaste or other home remedy). Small burns can be treated with an over-the-counter burn gel. Burns to the genitals, face, or any area larger than 9% body surface (about the size of your hand with fingers expanded) should be seen by a physician. Fires - Most residential fires happen in the winter months. Keep Christmas tree stands filled with water. Heated rooms can dry live trees out rapidly. Never leave candles, fireplaces, stoves or space heaters unattended. Check smoke detectors and replace batteries if it has been longer than six months. Have an emergency plan that is practiced with all family members. Children tend to hide when scared which makes it difficult to find them in smoky rooms. Teach them how to exit each room (have two exits, such as a door and a window) and have a rendezvous location outside of the home. 7 Safety Tips for the Holidays Continued Page 16 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

17 Prevent Injuries - Use ladders and stools correctly (instead of standing on furniture) when decorating. Hide or tape down (duct tape) all loose wires. Wear appropriate shoes when going outside. Rain, ice, and snow can change the condition of walking surfaces. Use care and proper lifting techniques when lifting trees or large presents. Twisting or turning when lifting can cause falls and damage to your back. Nobody wants to spend their holidays in a hospital bed. Watch the Kids - This is an exciting time for the little ones. Their extra enthusiasm can put them into dangerous situations. Encourage their fun but in a safe manner. Give them toys appropriate for their age. Balloons, strings, and ribbons are all potential suffocation or choking items for children under the age of eight. Have them dress properly before going outside. Always have them wear safety items such as helmets and knee or elbow pads when biking or using skates or skateboards. 7 Safety Tips for The Holidays Continued Page 17 Health Education Services : 1-800-754-9072

18 Health Education Services offers on-site corporate and childcare CPR, First Aid and AED classes throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. All our classes meet or exceed Cal-OSHA standards and we offer a 2-year certification course in CPR, First Aid and AED training. Page 18 1-800-754-9072 $50 Off for group training of 10 or more Expires 1/31/2013

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