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Transportation leadership you can trust. presented to presented by Cambridge Systematics, Inc. Transportation Division of the Special Libraries Association.

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Presentation on theme: "Transportation leadership you can trust. presented to presented by Cambridge Systematics, Inc. Transportation Division of the Special Libraries Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transportation leadership you can trust. presented to presented by Cambridge Systematics, Inc. Transportation Division of the Special Libraries Association July 15, 2012 Erik Cempel, PE

2 Typical Needs Examples of Typical Resources Example Problems and Resources

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4 Who works at a university-affiliated library? State DOT? Others? In your experience, what folks in the transportation realm are you dealing with the most? Planners or engineers? Agency staff, consultants, or students? Are there specific modes that are more frequently asked about? Do folks come to you with a specific resource in mind, or with a question they’re hoping you can help them answer? What are some typical questions? 4

5 Various stages of the planning cycle » Planning framework, policy development » Visioning/long range planning » Corridor planning/alternatives analysis Various stages of the project delivery lifecycle » Environmental review » Design and engineering » Operations 5

6 Different region, state, or country » What planning or design principals do they use? » What are local laws and regulations that may impact the project? Unknown approach or question I need to answer » Unknown to me » Generally unknown in the region Data not readily or obviously available 6

7 What have other agencies done? Are there examples in practice? Are there before and after data? How did the other agency get to its final conclusion or result – what was the process? Any research, papers, presentations that can help formulate an approach? 7

8 CategoryTypes of Information Project Information Engineering Diagrams Planning Studies Materials Research Environmental Reports System Condition/ Performance Traffic Data Safety Data Pavement Condition Bridge Condition Performance Reports Research Completed Research reports Proceedings/presentations Administration Financial/Budget Contact Information Annual Reports Socioeconomic Data Population, employment Economic data CategoryTypes of Information Inventory GIS Data and Maps Asset Inventory Databases Roadway Log Classification Truck Information WIM Truck Data Permit Data Oversize/Overweight Restricted Roadways and Bridges Rules and Regulations Legislation Statutes Final rules/guidance Public records Manuals/ Textbooks Design manuals Planning manuals Subject area textbooks

9 Format » text reports » photographs and video » plans and drawings » geocoded databases » printed materials » spreadsheets » microfilm » maps » raw data (e.g., traffic counts) Providers » TRB (TRR, CRP) » AASHTO » ITE, ASCE » FHWA, EPA, FTA, FRA » state DOTs, MPOs, county/local » transit agencies » NGOs (CNT) » international: foreign agencies development banks PIARC European Commission (TRIP) 9

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11 Useful as: » Examples from other regions » Understand a region’s approach to design, modeling, etc. for further work in that region » Build on previous work or utilize data and tools Every project had a unique set of original data, tools, analyses » Not always easy to track down beyond just the final report 11

12 Traffic, Safety, Asset Condition Data – Core of Most Analyses Some data from national level » Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS) » National Bridge Inventory (NBI) States and regions usually have their own – often more detailed – data as well Historical data is often important for trends 12

13 2007 Annual Attainment Report Maryland DOT State of the System 2005 Bay Area Transportation Good to Great Strategic Plan and Annual Report New Mexico DOT Business Plan 2004 & 2005 Ohio Department of Transportation Dashboard Virginia Department of Transportation Measures, Markers and Mileposts Washington State Department of Transportation Tracker Missouri Department of Transportation 13

14 Population, Employment – minimum for building a travel model Economic impacts and freight movement now standard analysis. Need: » Employment by industry » Economic output by industry » Salaries and wages » Commodity flows Historical and forecasts when available National sources: Census, BEA, BLS Some proprietary datasets: Woods & Poole, Global Insight Many other disparate sources at the state and local level 14

15 National TRB-sponsored research – cooperative research programs Other research papers from: » AASHTO » ITE, ASCE, other industry organizations » FHWA, FTA, EPA, and other Federal agencies » Universities » Research centers, think tanks, and NGOs (CNT, CNU, BPC, Reason) » TRR » Conference proceedings 15

16 National design and planning manuals: » Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) » AASHTO Highway Safety Manual (HSM) » ITE Trip Generation Manual » AASHTO A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (Green Book) » Manual for Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) » ITE Transportation Planning Handbook State-specific design manuals Textbooks on statistics, engineering principals, etc. 16

17 Integrated multimodal approach to the analysis and evaluation of urban streets from the points of view of automobile drivers, transit passengers, bicyclists, and pedestrians Addresses the proper application of micro-simulation analysis and the evaluation of those results Examines active traffic management in relation to both demand and capacity Explores specific tools and generalized service volume tables to assist planners in quickly sizing future facilities 17

18 Methods for developing an effective roadway safety management program and evaluating its effects: » Identify sites with potential for safety improvement » Diagnose conditions at the sites » Identify and prioritize potential treatments A predictive method to estimate crash frequency and severity A catalog of crash modification factors (CMFs) for a variety of geometric and operational treatment types 18

19 Two data volumes with » land use descriptions (162) » trip generation rates » equations Useful for: » site impact studies » determining on-site circulation patterns » performing access management studies » determining traffic signal timing » conducting environmental assessments 19

20 Current design research and practices for highway and street geometric design. “Provides guidance to highway engineers and designers who strive to make unique design solutions that meet the needs of highway users while maintaining the integrity of the environment.” Guidelines by functional classification for: » Highway Functions » Design Controls and Criteria » Elements of Design » Cross-Section Elements » Intersections and Interchanges 20

21 Illustrates best practices for the creation and implementation of walkable, mixed-use streets, including: » The importance of integrating the principles of CSS in urban roadway improvement projects » How CSS principles can be used in the transportation planning and project development processes » Specific guidance on thoroughfare cross-section and intersection design Consistent with the Green Book, which identifies design controls and establishes design criteria 21

22 “Standards used by road managers nationwide to install and maintain traffic control devices on all public streets, highways, bikeways, and private roads open to public traffic.” » road markings » highway signs » traffic signals 22

23 Basic information » legal framework » urban travel characteristics and modeling » environmental considerations » land use and urban design » evaluation and prioritization methods » asset management Application in » Statewide, corridor, metropolitan, rural and tribal contexts » activity centers, transportation terminals, and recreational areas. Strategies for » transit, operations, parking, safety, freight and pedestrians/bicycles 23

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25 FHWA & AASHTO – National Performance-Based Program » Measures and targets » Process and progression (e.g., legislation, rules, timeframe) » Integration into planning and intergovernmental relationship Necessary information and sources: » Best practices in the US and abroad Past FHWA, AASHTO, NCHRP reviews State/MPO plans and dashboards » Performance management in other sectors Reports from other government agencies Business school literature » Actual technical implementation in the US Data from national datasets like HPMS, NBI, FARS, FPMWeb Information from research papers like NCHRP reports on asset management or comparative performance measurement 25

26 Central Indiana Regional Transportation Authority » Develop a new agency, identify structure and powers » In line with new regional transit plan Necessary information and sources: » Legislation from IN and other states » Board structure of existing agencies and other agencies » Newspaper articles or other media to help track how existing structure came about – e.g., ballot measures » Population, size, and other data from Census to benchmark regions » Transit system extent and usage data from NTD 26

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