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Mike Botts – Summer 2013 1 Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) GEOINT Huntsville August 14, 2013 Dr. Mike Botts

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Presentation on theme: "Mike Botts – Summer 2013 1 Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) GEOINT Huntsville August 14, 2013 Dr. Mike Botts"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mike Botts – Summer Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) GEOINT Huntsville August 14, 2013 Dr. Mike Botts Botts Innovative Research, Inc Madison, AL

2 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED What is SWE? SWE is technology to enable the realization of Sensor Webs –much like TCP/IP, HTML, and HTTPD enabled the WWW SWE is a suite of standards from OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) –3 standard XML encodings (SensorML, O&M, SWE Common Data) –3 standard web service interfaces (SWE Common Service, SOS, SPS) –1 hardware/software interface protocol (PUCK) SWE is a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) approach SWE is an open, consensus-based set of standards SWE History: –began in 2000 with SensorML at UAH –developed into a suite of encodings and services over the last 12 years

3 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Sensors are Everywhere

4 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Why SWE? Break down current stovepipes Enable interoperability not only within communities but between traditionally disparate communities –different sensor types: in-situ vs remote sensors, video, models, CBRNE –different disciplines: science, defense, intelligence, emergency management, utilities, etc. –different sciences: ocean, atmosphere, land, bio, target recognition, signal processing, etc. –different agencies: government, commercial, private, Joe Public Leverage benefits of open standards –competitive tool development –more abundant data sources –utilize efforts funded by others Backed by the Open Geospatial Consortium process –480+ members cooperating in consensus process –Interoperability Project testing –CITE compliance testing

5 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Basic Vision Quickly discover sensors and sensor data –( secure or public) that can meet my needs – based on location, observables, quality, ability to task, etc. Obtain sensor information –in a standard encoding that is understandable by my software and enables assessment and processing without a-priori knowledge Readily access sensor observations –in a common manner, and in a form specific to my needs Task sensors –when possible, to meet my specific needs Subscribe to and receive alerts –when a sensor measures a particular phenomenon

6 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Actuator systems Alarms Robots Weapons Sensor assets Decision Support Tools Sensor systems UGS Bio/Chem/Rad Detectors Surveillance Airborne Satellite Models and Simulations M. Botts Sensor Web Enablement - discover - observe - qualify - task - alert open standard web services and encodings Sensor Web Enablement Framework “Detect, Process, and React”

7 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED What are the benefits of SWE? Sensor system agnostic - Virtually any sensor, actuator, or modeling system can be supported Net-centric, SOA-based –Distributed architecture allows independent development of services but enables on-the-fly connectivity between resources Semantically tied –Relies on online dictionaries and ontologies for semantics –Key to interoperability Traceability (using SensorML) –observation lineage –quality of measurement support Implementation flexibility –wrap existing capabilities and sensors –implement services and processing where it makes sense (e.g. near sensors, closer to user, or in- between) –scalable from single, simple sensor to large sensor collections

8 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED SWE Standards Information Models and Schema –SWE Common Data – common data models used throughout SWE specs –Sensor Model Language (SensorML) - Core models and schema for observation processes: supports quality assessment, lineage/provenance, on-demand processing –Observations and Measurements (O&M) – Core models and schema for observations; archived and streaming Web Services –SWE Common Services – Supports common base functions for all SWE services –Sensor Observation Service – Access observations for a sensor or sensor constellation, and optionally, the associated sensor description –Sensor Alert Service – Publish and subscribe to alerts based upon sensor observations (now supported by SOS) –Sensor Planning Service – Request collection feasibility and task sensor or actuator systems Hardware/Software Interface PUCK – “plug-n-play” interface for sensor systems

9 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Botts Innovative Research, Inc (Botts-Inc) –Established in 2005 –Evolved from 18+ years as R&D team at University of Alabama in Huntsville –Heavily involved in the design and development of SWE standards –Developer of open-source library and application software for SWE –http://www.botts-inc.comhttp://www.botts-inc.com Dr. Botts holds TS/SCI clearances in the US The following are example applications and demonstrations of SWE technology and open-source software from the Botts-Inc / UAH team

10 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Simulated Radiation Attack on NY OGC OWS-4 (2006) –illustrate discovery, access to and fusing of disparate sensors –Client: Space Time Toolkit –Services: SOS – in-situ radiation sensors SOS – Doppler Radar SOS – Lagrangian plume model WCS – GOES weather satellite SensorML – discovery and on-demand processing WMS – Ortho Imagery –view this demoview this demo

11 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Tigershark UAV-HD Video Empire Challenge (2008) –illustrate on-demand geolocation and display of HD video from Tigershark UAV –Client: Space Time Toolkit –Services: SOS – Tigershark video and navigation SOS – Troop Movement SensorML – On-demand processing –View this demo Part 1 Part 2

12 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Tasking SPOT Image Satellite OGC OWS-6 (2009) –illustrate dynamic query of SPS; show on- demand geolocation of JPIP stream using SensorML –Client: Space Time Toolkit –Services: SPS – satellite imagery feasibility WCS/JPIP server – streaming J2K image with CSM parameters encoded in SensorML SensorML – on-demand geolocation –view this demoview this demo

13 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED IED Detection OGC OWS-7 (2010) –illustrate ability to use of SWE services and encodings to support temporal differencing of ground-based video –Client: Space Time Toolkit –Services: SOS – video from vehicle-mounted camera SOS – camera navigation data SensorML – On-demand processing –view this demoview this demo

14 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED Using SWE for GPS Messaging OGC OWS-9 (2012) –illustrate the potential for using SWE Common data and SWE services for next generation GPS messaging –Client: Small browser app –Services: SOS – disparate messages from various GPS correction systems SOS – on-demand corrected GPS SWE Common – component and encoding description for all messages

15 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIED A Few Other Sample Applications Debris flow Monitoring Satellite tasking and imagery access Weather networks Tsunami warning Defense and intelligence Ocean buoy networks Water management Web cameras and security Traffic management Smart Cities IoT/WoT Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium

16 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIEDConclusions SWE helps to break down stovepipes in sensor and actuator systems SWE enables interoperability not only within communities but between traditionally disparate communities SWE allows on to leverage benefits of open standards SWE enables real-time, on-demand access to sensors and actuators SWE enables workflows for sensing, processing, and reacting SWE has been tested in various sensor communities and is being implemented around the world for real applications For more see:

17 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically UNCLASSIFIEDProposal Note: –Sensors provide the dynamic, real-time information that much of GEOINT depends upon Propose that we make Huntsville a model smart city for GEOINT research and application by –establishing a sensor web for public and private sensors and actuators using OGC SWE framework –providing and testing cyber security measures for providing multi- level acess to these assets –provide sensor web access for universities and companies to allow them to propose and develop advanced capabilities for: discovery, processing, filtering predictive analysis and “tipping and queuing”


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