2Topics on Your Test!Identify types of fingerprints left at a scene based upon descriptionLatent, plastic, visibleChemical development techniquesSuperglue, Silver Nitrate, Iodine, NinhydrinWhich technique is best for different surfacesIdentify general ridge patternWhorl, Loop or ArchIdentify minutiaeCompare prints to determine if they are the same or different and give explanation to your determinationPrimary ClassificationAFIS
8In the womb approximately 10. 5 weeks estimated gestational age In the womb approximately 10.5 weeks estimated gestational age. It is thought that the movement of the fetus is what contributes to the unique ridge characteristics.At only 10 weeks your babies heart is almost completely developed. An opening at the atruim of the heart and the presence of a bypass valve divert much of the blood away from the lungs, Your baby's blood is oxygenated through the placenta and the bypass valve of his heart directs most of his blood away from the lungs (this is automatically reversed when your child is born). Your babies teeth are now forming in the gums. By now his vocal chords are complete. Your baby can now even suck his thumb! The brain is fully formed, and your child can feel pain.This animation represents the currently accepted theory that localized cellular proliferations grow together into what subsequently appear as ridges at the epidermal / dermal junction at approximately 10.5 weeks estimated gestational age.
9What is the first fundamental principle of the fingerprint system?
10First Principle: A Fingerprint is an Individual Characteristic; No two fingers have yet been found to possess identical ridge characteristics.
11How is the individuality of a fingerprint determined?
12This individuality of a fingerprint is not determined by its general shape or pattern but by a careful study of its ridge characteristics, also known as minutiae.
13Will a fingerprint change during the life of an individual?
14Second Fundamental Principle of Fingerprints: Second Fundamental Principle of Fingerprints: A Fingerprint will remain unchanged during an individual’s lifetime.
15What is the third fundamental principle of the fingerprint system?
16Third Principle: Fingerprints have general ridge patterns that permit them to be systematically classified. All fingerprints are divided into three classes on the basis of their general pattern: Loops, Whorls, and Arches. These three classes form the basis for all 10-finger classification systems.
53The skin ridges of the fingerprints are populated with sweat glands The skin ridges of the fingerprints are populated with sweat glands. Perspiration is discharged and deposited on the skin surface. A fingerprint is a deposit of 98% perspiration, 1% amino acids (proteins) and 1% oils that forms on the friction ridges of fingers, palms and feet and is left on a surface when contact is made.
54What are the three categories for describing fingerprints at crime scenes?
57A plastic impression is a print that is readily visible with the naked eye due to the print detail being an impression in usually a soft surface.The most common types of surfaces or substances encountered at a crime scene are window putty, dust, dirt or mud.
59A patent print impression is readily visible to the naked eye. It usually results by a finger touching a surface after it has been in contact with a colored material.The most common substances found at a crime scene are blood, paint, grease, and ink.
61Latent print impressions are prints not readily visible to the naked eye. These impressions are caused by the transfer of body perspiration and oils to a particular surface.There are several techniques to make a latent print become visible, depending upon the type of surface, the manner in which the prints were left, and the quantity of material left behind.
62What are the national statistics for fingerprint pattern types?