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Published byAlbert Keeler Modified over 2 years ago

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**POWER EFFICIENCY ROUTING ALGORITHMS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS**

Presented by - S.ATCHUTHAN Supervised by – Prof Klaus Moissner

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Major Achievements Investigated energy conservation algorithms for WSN and identify clustering is promising technique for energy saving Selected typical clustering algorithms for detailed investigation and comparison based on simulation Weaknesses of these algorithms were identified and a NEW algorithm was proposed, the improvement of which was proved through simulation and comparison to the selected algorithms

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**CONTENTS Introduction Energy efficiency Existing protocols Clustering**

LEACH DEEC HEED Proposed Algorithm Improvement Conclusion

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**INTRODUCTION What is a wireless sensor network ?**

- Data Acquisition network -Data Distribution network Applications of wireless sensor network - Environmental monitoring - Battle field surveillance - Transportation traffic monitoring

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**Architecture of a wireless sensor network**

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**What happens in a monitoring sensor network**

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ENERGY EFFICIENCY What are the common problems in a wireless networking ? What is network lifetime ? Common problems- medium access control, routing, bandwidth allocation, power efficiency, security, life time network lifetime – Time taken until the first node or last node in the network dies Prolong the network lifetime – Minimize the power consumption from nodes How to prolong the network lifetime ?

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**ENERGY EFFICIENCY........ How energy is consumed in a sensor node ?**

Energy consumption – Transmitting or receiving data, processing query requests, forwarding data or queries to neighbour nodes, idle listening to the media, retransmission when packet collision and generating control packets Energy conservation – Major challenge How to conserve energy in a wireless sensor network ?

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**EXISTING PROTOCOLS LEACH LEACH-E SEP PEGASIS DEEC HEED TEEN APTEEN EAD**

GEAR GAF MECN

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EXISTING PROTOCOLS......

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**CLUSTERING What is Clustering ?**

Promising technique for lifetime extension

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**CLUSTERING...... Choosing LEACH, DEEC and HEED for investigation**

LEACH – Basic clustering mechanism DEEC - Energy consideration for threshold HEED - Competitive method

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**LEACH Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy**

Can apply for Single hop networks. Cluster head threshold T(n) = p/(1-p*(r mod(1/p))) if n ε G T(n) = Otherwise G is the set consisting of nodes that have not been cluster heads during last (1/p) rounds n takes a value between 0 and 1 If n is less than threshold T(n), then that particular node would get the chance to become a cluster head at that particular round Node which becomes cluster head during round 0, would again get the chance to be a cluster head during next (1/p) rounds

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LEACH......

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**LEACH...... Merits Global knowledge of the network is not necessary.**

Only two hops are needed to reach sink. Demerits Failure of the cluster head is a problem. Difficult to optimize the cluster head selection.

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**DEEC Distributed Energy – Efficient Clustering Algorithm**

Can apply for Single hop networks Cluster head threshold T(Si) = Pi /(1-Pi (r mod (1/Pi))) if Si ε G T( Si ) = Otherwise Pi = Popt (1+a) Ei (r) / (1+a*m) Ē (r) if normal node Pi = Popt Ei (r) / (1+a*m) Ē (r) if advanced node Probability threshold based on the ration between residual energy of each node and the average energy of the network

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**DEEC....... Residual Energy Calculation**

ETx (l, d) = l*Eelec +l*єfs *d^ if d < d ETx (l, d) = l*Eelec +l*єmp*d^ if d >= d0 Average Energy Calculation Ē (r) = (1/N) * Etotal (1- r/R)

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**DEEC........ Merits Life time is prolonged than LEACH Demerits**

Global knowledge of the network is necessary

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**HEED Hybrid Energy Efficient Distributed Algorithm**

Multi hop routing protocol Clustering – Competitive mechanism

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**HEED....... Clustering parameters - Node residual energy - Node degree**

Probability to be a cluster head CHprob = Cprob *(Eresidual /Emax )

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**HEED...... Status of nodes - Tentative cluster head**

- Final cluster head - Uncovered Merits Large scalability Lifetime is prolonged than DEEC Demerits Clustering consumes much energy

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**PROPOSED ALGORITHM Clustering Energy: HEED >> DEEC**

DEEC Clustering for multi hop networks

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PROPOSED ALGORITHM Pseudo code (DEEC Clustering for multi hop networks) For i = 1:1: n For j = 1:1: n If ( d( i, j) =< Tr ) join ( node j joins with cluster head i ); End K = rand (); If (DEEC clustering threshold probability < k) S ( i ). Cluster = TRUE;

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**PROPOSED ALGORITHM....... Long distance cause Energy loss**

Shortest path routing Obtaining maximum single hop distance (100 m)

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**PROPOSED ALGORITHM....... Pseudo code (Shortest path routing)**

While ((i =< n) & ((d.sink – d.cluster (i, sink)) >= 100)) While (j =< n) If (d.cluster (i, j) =< 100) Cluster (i) = cluster (j); Else If hop = hop +1; End End End

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PROPOSED ALGORITHM Output

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IMPROVEMENT Lifetime is prolonged

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**CONCLUSION Improvement - DEEC Clustering for multi hop networks**

- Shortest path routing (Based on Single hop maximum distance) Better combined of DEEC Clustering and Multi hop Twelve percent improvement of lifetime

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THANK YOU

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