Presentation on theme: "High-level International Conference “Energy Security and Sustainability – the OSCE Perspective” Ashgabat, Republic of Turkmenistan, 17-18 October 2013."— Presentation transcript:
High-level International Conference “Energy Security and Sustainability – the OSCE Perspective” Ashgabat, Republic of Turkmenistan, October 2013 Hélène CONNOR, Ph.D. SOME PRECONDITIONS TO THE ECODEVELOPMENT OF THE ENERGY SECTOR Energy Security and Sustainability with Smart Energy Policies (SEP)
HELIO International HELIO International is an international NGO thinktank of leading energy analysts whose common goal is to promote sustainable and equitable development for all (ecodevelopment). HELIO experts carry out independent evaluations of national energy policies and inform citizens as well as decision-makers about their effectiveness. They also analyse and advise on ecodevelopment, participatory governance and climate stabilisation. HELIO's core activity is Sustainable Energy Watch. SEW's objective is to measure progress towards sustainable energy and ecodevelopment practices nationally, regionally and globally. HELIO cooperates with local analysts.
Designing Smart Energy Policies (SEP) Thread of the exposé: 1. Awareness of the challenges to achieve ecodevelopment 2. New problems need new tools: Soft energy technologies Climate-proofed energy policies Reinforcing the 5 forms of capital 3. Collective design and implementation of SEP for global security The United Nations General Assembly unanimously declared the decade as the Decade of sustainable energy for all.
1. Challenge of Providing Energy Security and Stability in a changing environment Climate change impacts both the demand and supply-side of the energy equation: Impacts of temperature and climatic changes - direct AND indirect, immediate or delayed Role of energy efficiency in improving security (quantitatively and qualitatively) by decreasing demand rather than increasing costly supply) Some obstacles: Lack of proper institutions and transparent methods Lack of commonly accepted parameters/indicators for: Adaptation needs Effectiveness of adaptation measures Total social costs (free of subsidies & including externalities)
Challenge of reconciling Energy and Ecodevelopment Key role of energy National governments and the energy fundamentals Supply = Demand Costs = Benefits Analysing the interactions Direct: environment, economic, social Indirect: governance, global security World initiatives: SEFA the UN sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Initiative, and the WEC Energy Trilemma: affordability, accessibility and environmentally sustainable energy for all."
What does Ecodevelopment imply?
2. New problems - New Tools: Soft/Smart Energy Paths (SEP) Smart policies will be based on soft energy technologies because… we cannot afford the « hard path » and never did in fact… countries are running into the wall largely because of their energy policies (oil bills, debt, externalities, transport costs) most countries have enough clean energy resources needed to develop harmoniously along a SEP SEP is the best option left and the best use of our different forms of capitals SEP will soon be « Plan B » for all countries
What are the technologies for a Smart/Soft Energy Path? Renewable energy (flux and not stock) Diverse and numerous for resilience Flexible, decentralised and accessible Matched to end-use needs They minimise the energy footprint of a country by maximising efficiency and geographical distribution. Hence they promote peace, local economic development and job creation. Information: Amory Lovins, FoE, « Soft Energy Paths. Toward a durable peace » 1977 UK SEP by Gerald Leach David JC MacKay, « Sustainable Energy — without the hot air » 2011
How to Devise a Climate-proof Soft Energy Path
A New Tool to Climate-Proof Energy Policies… Because of climate vagaries, where energy is both culprit and victim, policies need to adapt and can use a new tool: TIPEE Traitement de l’Information pour des Politiques Energétiques favorisant l’Ecodéveloppement Processing Information for Smart Energy Policy and Ecodevelopment "I'd put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don't have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that."- --Thomas Edison ( )
TIPEE is… …a tool to help decision-makers make use of available information and intelligence to make better energy decisions. …comprised of a methodology and of a set of 24 indicators to check energy impacts. …a means for decision makers to check how well national energy policies are contributing to ecodevelopment under fluctuating weather conditions. …designed to be applied freely.
TIPEE Indicators 1-7
TIPEE Indicators 15 – 24
Cameroon Indicators 15-24
How can one country secure its energy ecodevelopment? What assets can it master? In what shape are its 5 forms of capital? Natural - the Environment Human - the People Social - Institutions (formal or not) Economic – the Markets (incl. Financial) Material - all that is built or produced
Five Forms of CAPITAL FORMS OF CAPITAL ELEMENTSSERVICES OBSTACLES IN OECD COUNTRIES OBSTACLES IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES NATURAL CAPITAL Environment Ecosystems mechanisms Basic needs: food, water, natural resources Global contamination Lack of free space Careless exploitation Destruction of virgin habitat HUMAN CAPITAL Population Local aptitudes Manpower Management Rural exodus Overpopulation Diseases SOCIAL CAPITAL Institutions Networks Culture Religion Quality of life Stability - Peace Pauperisation Income disparities Poverty Cast systems ECONOMIC CAPITAL Markets Financial system Jobs - Income Dignity Productivism: fewer and duller jobs - Corruption Opacity - Debt Capital flight MNC corruption MATERIAL CAPITAL Infrastructures Buildings Standard of living - Mobility Deindustrialisation Concentration Poverty - Lack of infrastructures
Forms of Capital OBSTACLES IN OECD COUNTRIES OBSTACLES IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES SUGGESTED SOLUTIONSSOME TOOLS FOR FAIR DEVELOPMENT NATURAL CAPITAL Global contamination Lack of free space Careless exploitation Destruction of virgin habitat Protection of the environment Implementation of legislation to protect the Global Commons HUMAN CAPITAL Rural exodus Cities overpopulation Diseases Education - Training - Health care Professional schools Local medical services Universal access to energy SOCIAL CAPITAL Pauperisation Income disparities Poverty Cast systems Radical redistribution of local riches locally Citizens involvement Gender parity Participatory decision-making Promotion of local networks Improved land tenure - Creation of unions for unemployed ECONOMIC CAPITAL Productivism: fewer and duller jobs - Corruption Opacity - Debt Capital flight - MNC corruption Transparency of all transactions Ban of fiscal paradises Control of fund transfers and bank practices - Just taxation "Publish what you pay" MATERIAL CAPITAL Deindustrialisation Centralisation Poverty - Lack of infrastructures Promotion of goods sharing Efficiency Decentralisation of energy production BUILDING ECODEVELOPMENT USING THE CAPITALISTIC APPROACH
Like air and water, energy access is a fundamental right. It is an essential service. The role of the energy decision-makers is to ensure that every person has access to clean, efficient, safe and affordable energy services. This can be done by: Ensuring that energy is part of national ecodevelopment strategy (Agenda 21) Making decisions in cooperation with local beneficiaries Using equipment that is resilient, efficient and well– maintained Installing energy systems in low risk areas Having a local emergency crisis management process in place Ensuring diversified and decentralised energy supply Avoid transmission and other vulnerabilities … 3. Collective design and implementation of SEP for global security
PUT in New Screen shot
« An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come » Victor Hugo