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Wok Wantaim: delivering aid in partnership with affected communities – a decade of collaboration between the National Association of People with HIV Australia.

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Presentation on theme: "Wok Wantaim: delivering aid in partnership with affected communities – a decade of collaboration between the National Association of People with HIV Australia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wok Wantaim: delivering aid in partnership with affected communities – a decade of collaboration between the National Association of People with HIV Australia and Igat Hope, Papua New Guinea Presented at International Aids Conference, Melbourne, Australia 2014

2 Authors: J.Rule, T. Leach, A. McPherson, J.W. Torie


4 Background and Contexts Initial linkages between PLHIV advocates – study tours/conferences/informal and opportunistic information exchange (2000-2004) Moved to more formal partnership arrangements with various funding supports Papua New Guinea health system, HIV epidemic and treatments context very different to Australia HIV-positive peer support, a fundamental principle of our collaborative work

5 NAPWHA’s first work in PNG Earliest contacts were unfunded peer to peer supports Funded support from 2005 to 2008 under AusAID HIV/AIDS Partnership Initiative – Building a national organisation to represent PLHIV – Strategic planning and governance trainings – Helping build and support provincial PLHIV groups – Increasing Igat Hope visibility and policy engagement – Healthy living and positive peer support programs

6 Sanap Wantaim contracts 2009-2012 NAPWHA funded to provide support for governance structure, strengthen the secretariat and build treatments advocacy capacity Achievements: – Preparing an organisational constitution and elections – Expanded network of PLHIV organisations – 2 x National summits of PLHIV in PNG – Stigma Index research – Southern Highlands – Treatments advocacy – Crisis management

7 Finding 1: NAPWHA challenges Learning about development, Working sensitively in cross-cultural contexts Funded and unfunded inputs International versus domestic balance Personal impacts for HIV-positive peers

8 Finding 2: Igat Hope Board and membership challenges Particular demographic, poor/low income Lack of experience in governance, financial and program management and/or advocacy Not many successful civil society organisations in Papua New Guinea to model Members were sick with HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria

9 Finding 3: Remuneration Struggle to find balance between reimbursement and financial reward There was a high level of need and high expectations about what being a member of an organisation would provide Some development agencies were paying high per diems, so this made it more complex, (finding of Independent Review Group)

10 Finding 4: Peer links What is a peer? NAPWHA and Igat Hope had peer links The issue of status – for Boards and for staff – complicated but not irreconcilable

11 Finding 5: Partnership What is a partner ? Issues of power – NAPWHA and Igat Hope not always equal as NAPWHA held the funds Local agencies were often frustrated with lack of progress in terms of the development of Igat Hope and some local agencies didn’t act with confidence that success would be achieved – sometimes NAPWHA was the only friend… International donors preferred dealing directly with NAPWHA rather than directly with Igat Hope in PNG, this undermined Igat Hope, but this has changed over time

12 Finding 6: Treatments advocacy Treatment advocacy forums in Port Moresby 2010 and 2012 NAPWHA never had a plan B for when Igat Hope was struggling – many factors outside the control of either organisation e.g. 2010 ARV supply crisis Roll out of ARVs in PNG has not engaged PLHIV in the same way that ‘ community partnership’ in Australia has been understood Health of activists and staff members a challenge

13 What did Igat Hope think worked well – review in 2014? Good relationships – individual and organisational – visible outcomes Good advice and valuable technical support helped build Igat Hope capacity Some highly valued financial support provided In-country visits and support with submissions and acquitalls were highly valued Helped establish the secretariat and provide regular mentoring support for secretariat staff Constitutional and member network development Help with Stigma Index research

14 What does Igat Hope think could have been done better? Not all NAPWHA priorities were Igat Hope priorities – some projects were driven by funding agreements made in the previous 12 months with AusAID. For example responding to local ARV supply stock-outs Some Australian approaches did not work in PNG Would have been good to build some basic research skills Would have been good to develop skills for evaluation program effectiveness and documentation of project outcome to argue for further funding etc…

15 Final notes Do development agencies working PNG with Igat Hope understand partnership in the way that a HIV-positive peer support organisation like NAPWHA has? With work by NAPWHA no longer funded through Australian Aid programs who will provide direct technical support for Igat Hope ? What have we learnt from a global perspective on PLHIV rights? What have we learnt with reference to shared values and principles of mutual accountability ?

16 Cont… A new approach in PNG where HIV is to be managed within a broader health and health system strengthening approach Where does this position an organisation like Igat Hope – specific questions in restructuring needs immediate resolution… There is no other organisation like Igat Hope that can communicate with diverse PLHIV groups across PNG - but where is it’s core funding base going to come from ?

17 Journeying with… “Organisations that work on HIV from a values and human rights-based approach have as their primary focus the physical, social and moral well-being of those they work with. They follow the moral conflicts and systems of structural violence that mark their lives. They journey with them as they endure and resist hardships, discrimination and oppression in their daily lives. They work with them in their quest to create better lives…” (E. Reid, 2010)

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