Presentation on theme: "SEABEE COMBAT WARFARE COMMON CORE"— Presentation transcript:
1SEABEE COMBAT WARFARE COMMON CORE NAVEDTRA CSEABEE COMBAT WARFARE COMMON COREUNIT 110CONTINGENCY OPERATION FUNDAMENTALSOCTOBER 2010
2Contingency Ops References: [a] https://abfcview.navfac.navy.mil [b] COMCBPAC/COMCBLANT Instruction , Maintenance Management Program for Naval Construction Force (NCF) Camps[c] NAVEDTRA 14265, Utilitiesman Basic, Vol. 1[d] NAVEDTRA 14259, Utilitiesman Advanced[e] NAVEDTRA 14233, Naval Construction Force/Seabee 1 & C[f] NAVEDTRA 14234, Seabee Combat Handbook, Volume 1[g] NWP 4-04, Naval Civil Engineer Operations[h] JFOB, Joint Forward Operating Base Force Protection Handbook
3Engineer Support Plans PQS Question Discuss Engineer Support Plans (ESP)Reference: (g, ch 4, p. 4-1, par 4.2)
4Engineer Support Plans Navy and Marine Corps service component commanders identify the engineering mission support for logistics and force-level requirements. ESPs that guide engineers’ efforts are then developed as an appendix to Annex D (Logistics) of OPLANs or operation order (OPORD).
5Request for ForcesPQS Question Discuss the Request for Forces (RFF) processReference: (g, ch 4, p. 4-1, par 4.3)
6Request for ForcesNaval civil engineering force units and individual augments must be requested through the request for forces (RFF) process to augment a component or JTF organization. CEC officers are on combatant and service component engineer staffs.For further information on the RFF process, refer to JP 1-0, Joint Doctrine for Personnel Support to Joint Operations.
7Contingency Planning and Crisis Action Planning PQS Question Discuss the difference between Contingency planning and Crisis Action planning.Reference: (g, ch 4, p. 4-2, par and 4.7.2)
8Contingency Planning and Crisis Action Planning Contingency planning is performed in a continuous cycle that usually begins with the publication of a new CPG and is designed to develop joint OPLANs, CONPLANs (with and without TPFDD), or functional plans to support the national military strategy. Contingency planning facilitates the transition to crisis action planning.Crisis Action Planning is based on current events and conducted in time-sensitive situations and emergencies using assigned, attached, and allocated forces and resources. Crisis action planners base their plan on the actual circumstances that exist at the time planning occurs and, where possible, an existing OPLAN. CAP uses the JOPP described above, but steps may be condensed to fit the situation.
9Engineer Support Plans PQS Question Discuss the following as it relates to General Engineering planning tools and considerations.a. ESP (par )b. ABFC (par )c. Facilities (par )d. Real Estate (par )e. Environment (par )f. HN Support (par )Reference: (g, ch. 4, p. 4-6)
10Engineer Support Plans ESP. Engineering planning is an integral part of the JOPP. The ESP identifies the minimum essential facilities and engineering capabilities needed to support the commitment of military forces. Based on service component input, unified commanders are responsible for preparing the ESP. Civil engineer planners consider the following issues when preparing input for an ESP:a. HN restrictions imposed on the use of bases and installations.b. Assumptions regarding the availability of critical HNS.c. Major construction resources to be allocated.d. Anticipation of sustainment of Class IV resources. ESP should consider whether or not the Class IV items will need to be contracted locally vice shipped from other sources. Consider use of LOGCAP, AFCAP, and NAVFAC GCC program management and contract support team requirements.e. Desired standards of construction (initial or temporary).f. A provision for force withdrawal, such as base denial and movement of relocatableresidual assets.
11ABFCABFC. The ABFC system, known as the NAVFAC P-437, has two volumes. The first volume is a list of components, facilities, and assemblies. The second volume contains drawings. It includes standard designs, bills of material, weight, cube, construction man-hour analysis, and fuel requirements. NAVFAC publishes the ABFC system electronically in CD-ROM format or ata. Components are the highest level of information. They consist of personnel, material, facilities, and equipment and are designed and organized into a configuration that performs a mission or task. An example of a component is the P25, the NMCB TOA.b. Facilities are engineering projects such as bunkers and preengineered buildings. An example of a facility is a tent camp.c. Assemblies are descriptive building blocks that detail National Stock Numbers. Assemblies are used to develop concise, quick, and consistent estimates for material and labor requirements. An example of an assembly is a general-purpose medium tent.
12FacilitiesFacilities. The unified commander is responsible for the coordination of planning, programming, and construction of facilities to meet the requirements of service component forces. Facility requirements are consistent with operational requirements, duration of need, and forces to be supported. Initial or temporaryconstruction standards and facility requirements, as required by the mission, determine the types of materials and construction techniques used in constructing facilities in support of contingency operations. Naval civil engineers utilize standard facility designs, which may be modified in response to operational, environmental, and unusual site and customer requirements. Civil engineer planners identify facility requirements for contingency operations.
13Real EstateThe unified commander is responsible for coordinating real estate requirements of the service component forces. Navy and Marine Corps component commanders conduct real estate activities such as determining requirements for their forces; selecting, acquiring, maintaining, and disposing of property; claims processing; and records maintenance. Civil engineer planners consider aspects of acquisition and/or leasing real estate in support of engineer operations.
14EnvironmentEnvironmental. Naval civil engineer planners consider the effect of the planning of operations on the environment in accordance with HN agreements; environmental laws and regulations; and U.S. federal, state, and local environmental laws and standards. Environmental considerations are found in Annexes L and Q of an OPORD and/or OPLAN. Environmental considerations include:a. Policies and responsibilities to protect and preserve the environmentb. Certification of local water sources by appropriate medical personnelc. Solid and liquid waste management(1) Open dumping and burning(2) Gray water disposal(3) Pesticide disposal(4) Human waste disposal(5) Hazardous material disposal.d. Hazardous materials management, including the potential use of pesticidese. Protection of indigenous animals and vegetables
15Environment f. Archaeological and historical preservation g. Contingency spill plans.
16HN SupportUnified commanders obtain authority for negotiations with HNs through channels of the Joint Staff, the SecDef, and the Department of State. Marine Corps and Seabee engineer planners identify requirements for HNs and forward their requests through the commander, joint task force (CJTF) or the service component commanders to the unified commander. The types of HN logistic support that engineer planners request, subject to agreements and restrictions, include:a. Petroleum, oils, and lubricantsb. Transportationc. Telecommunicationsd. Civilian labore. Rear area protectionf. Facilitiesg. Contractingh. Equipment acquisitioni. Suppliesk. Health services supportl. Waste disposal.
17Logistical SupportPQS Question Discuss the following logistics support considerations for Seabee units.a. Supply (par )b. Maintenance (par )c. Transportation (par )d. General Engineering (par )e. Health Services (par )f. Medical Treatment Facilities (par )g. Medical Evacuations (par )h. Other Services (par )Reference: (g, ch 4, p. 4-11)
18Logistical SupportSupply is the receipt, storage, issue, and resupply of materiel for conducting operations. After depletion of Seabee-deployed stocks, the supported JTF resupplies for Class I, III, IV, V, VIII, and IX materials. The JTF shall also source the air or sealift required to move Class VII and IX supplies that are obtained through NFELC and distributed through JTF logistic channels.Maintenance consists of actions necessary to preserve, repair, and ensure continued operations and effectiveness. Seabee units use the material and maintenance management system and are organized through intermediate (first and second) levels of maintenance on organizational CESE. Seabees also conduct organizational (Echelon II) maintenance on assigned communications and weapons systems (less optics) and electronic assets. Support for maintenance above these levels is required.Transportation is the movement of units, personnel, equipment, and supplies from their point of origin to their final destination. Seabee units have organic transportation assets to move equipment and supplies within the theater. They may request augmenting transportation from the supported JTF for movement of Class IV materials to their project sites or to displace the unit in a single movement.
19Logistical SupportGeneral Engineering is deliberate and oriented in CSS. Seabees have a robust capability to conduct general engineering. BDR, maintenance of facilities, and vertical and horizontal construction are examples of the engineering operations conducted by the Seabees. Seabees have limited combat engineering capability and limited engineer reconnaissance capability:1. Do not clear mines2. Do not place mines3. Do not conduct explosive ordnance disposal4. Do not conduct explosive demolition.Health Services maintain, preserve, and restore the combat power of the force in war and peace. Only NMCB units have a robust organic medical capability. The NMCBs are billeted with a medical officer, dental officer, and independent duty corpsman plus additional corpsmen. Those medical assets support first-responder-capability care. This includes routine and limited emergency medical and dental support at the point of initial injury or illness. Limited ancillary capability consists of preventive medicine, first aid/buddy aid, pharmacy, ophthalmic, medical laboratory, and radiology.
20Logistical SupportMedical Treatment Facility Seabee units have an organic medical treatment facility with limited patient treatment capabilities located in each NMCB. They are capable of only initial treatment and stabilization for serious injuries prior to medical evacuation. Although the NMCB aid station has an assigned medical staff, the medical equipment organic to the Seabee unit is for a small detachment operated by one corpsman to perform organic medical and limited dental care.Medical Evacuations Health service support to Seabee units attached to a JTF is provided in the same manner in which medical care is provided to other JTF elements. Seabees follow established procedures for the medical evacuation of casualties.Other Services Seabee organizations require support in field exchange services, security, legal services, civil affairs, and graves registration. Although NMCBs are self-sufficient upon deployment, the situation dictates whether or not augmentation CSS from the supported JTF is required in the following areas: disbursing (U.S. Navy interface), exchange services, legal services, mortuary services, postal services, security support, and civil affairs support.
21Construction Standards PQS Question Explain the following construction standards.a. Initial/Expedient (par )b. Temporary (par )c. Permanent (par )Reference: (g, ch 5, p. 5-1)
22Construction Standards Initial/Expedient - Naval civil engineering forces apply the initial/expedient construction standard for facilities construction in a tactical environment when response times are at a premium for rapidly deploying engineering resources to limited support locations. Naval civil engineering forces primarily use and tailor P-437 ABFC designs to site-specific locations that require austere facilities intended for immediate operational use.Temporary - Naval civil engineering forces apply the temporary construction standard for facilities construction when a location requires that it extend the efficiency of operations for use for as long as 24 months and when the naval civil engineering forces are required to provide sustained operations. When mission requirements dictate, the temporary construction standard replaces the initial/expedient construction standard. Naval civil engineering forces conduct temporary-construction-standard readiness training through fleet exercises to ensure proficiency in temporary construction missions, such as knowing temporary construction standards for:
23Construction Standards 1. Building or modular systems and the ABFC standard design system2. Expeditionary airfield construction3. Electrical power generation and distribution systems4. Fortifications5. Forward arming and refueling points6. Roads7. Soil stabilization8. Sewage disposal9. Troop housing10. Water storage and distribution.
24Construction Standards Permanent - Naval civil engineering forces build permanent-construction-standard facilities for HN, supporting stability and security operations for U.S. forces with increased efficiency for long-term sustained operations. Naval civil engineering forces must conform to either military, industrial, or commercial construction standards chosen by the directing authority when constructing permanent facilities. Naval civil engineering forces conduct permanent construction-standard readiness training during peacetime deployments. They participate in fleet exercises and conduct contributory support projects at commands to ensure proficiency in permanent construction missions. Permanent-construction-standard training includes instruction in the following areas:1. Asphalt paving2. Bridging, nonstandard3. Buildings4. Concrete runways
25Construction Standards 5. Port facilities and navigational structures6. Roads7. Steel frame and block buildings8. Steel structures9. Utility distribution and storage systems.
26Battlespace Functions PQS Question Explain the three types of engineering Battlespace Functions that are assigned to the Seabees:Reference (g, ch. 5, p. 5-2, par 5.3)
27Battlespace Functions General EngineeringCombat EngineeringGeospatial Engineering
28Operational Situations PQS Question Discuss the following operational situations:a. Joint (par )b. Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) (par )c. Counteracting Restriction to Movement (par )d. Jungle (par )e. Mountain (par )f. Cold Weather (par )g. Desert (par )h. Gap Crossing (par )i. Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) (par )Reference: (g, ch. 5, p. 5-8)
29Operational Situations Joint Operations - Naval civil engineering forces train to know how other service and coalition engineers and nongovernmental organizations operate, and how naval civil engineering operations fit into the joint environment.Maritime Prepositioning Force Ops - Goal of the maritime prepositioning force. The rapid establishment of a combat-ready MAGTF ashore is accomplished by combining the rapid movement of the MAGTF fly-in-echelon (FIE), made up of MPF enablers and main party personnel, through strategic airlift with MAGTF equipment and supplies loaded aboard a forward-deployed MPSRON. There are three MPSRONs in the maritime prepositioning force. To assist the MAGTF with the off-load and staging of the prepositioned sets on each MPSRON, a Navy support element (NSE) is required, to which PHIBCBs are an integral part.Counteracting Restriction to Movements - When a unit exceeds the ability to maneuver around natural and artificial terrain, engineers advise unit commanders about counteracting restrictions to movement in a range of operational situations and environments. In their evaluation, engineers consider the unit’s tactical situation, mission assignment, operational environment, engineering capabilities, and equipment availability. They weigh the impact of the tactical situation on engineer tactics, required equipment, and speed of mission accomplishment in order to formulate recommendations to the unit commander.
30Operational Situations Jungle - Engineering operations in the jungle include road construction, stream crossing, expeditionary airfield construction, water treatment, mine warfare, and mapping.Mountain Ops - Engineer training that supports mountain operations includes cable and rope rigging, demolition of rock formations, mountain climbing, mountain road clearing and construction, employment of helicopters, expedient stream crossing, and bridge construction.Cold Weather Ops - Cold weather operations occur in arctic regions and subarctic areas of North America and Eurasia. The Arctic consists of polar seas, polar land, and ice pack areas. The Arctic is a cold, snow-covered desert with an 8-inch average annual rainfall. Vegetation is dwarfed and scrubby in arctic regions. The subarctic is an area of extremes with hot summers and very cold winters. Arctic/subarctic lines of communications consist of roads, trails, and limited water travel. Seabees do not train for this type of environment; however, UCTs do conduct arctic dive training operations. Seabees would need to be outfitted with cold weather
31Operational Situations Desert - Desert terrain shares physical characteristics such as a lack of water and vegetation, extreme temperatures, bright sunshine and moonlight, dust storms, and dry river channels. Operations in the desert, complicated by the task of providing an adequate supply of water, increased requirements for camouflage assistance and deception, and special problems in field fortifications, significantly task engineering resources.Gap-Crossing - Gap crossings are second only to amphibious operations in complexity and vulnerability. A gap-crossing operation is similar to a bridging operation. Seabees do not have standard bridging assets in their TOA. Hasty, deliberate, and retrograde gap-crossing operations require advanced planning for training, coordination, and equipment. C2, planning, unit relationships and responsibilities, and participation by various units are different with each type and size of crossing operation.Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain - Seabees support construction projects in urban and populated areas even though they are not an offensive force. The presence of population and man-made construction complicates MOUT. The number of Seabees training in MOUT continues to increase. UCTs conduct limited MOUT training since a majority of their work at seaports is expected to be in urban environments.
32JFOBPQS Question Discuss the following Joint Forward Operating Base (JFOB) site selection and layout considerations:a. General (p. 5-6)b. Perimeter Security (p. 5-7)c. Critical Assets (p. 5-8)d. Utilities (p. 5-9)e. Occupied Structures (p. 5-10)f. Commercial/Service Access (p. 5-10)Reference: (h, ch. 5)
33JFOB Perimeter Security Layered Defense. Design a layout that incorporates the concept of a layered defense in depth. Incorporate perimeter security devices (barriers, ECPs lighting, intrusion detection and surveillance systems (IDS), access control equipment, etc.).Critical AssetsAsset Location, Visual Surveillance, Defensible Space, Use of Available Space, Access Routes, Vehicle Parking, Exterior Signage, Trash Receptacles, Vegetation, Separation Distance, StructuresUtilitiesUtility Access, Utility Support, Multiple Power Sources, Public Address System, Perimeter Penetration, Water Treatment and Storage, Signage, Storage Tanks and Operational Facilities, Communication Networkse. Occupied Structures (p. 5-10)f. Commercial/Service Access (p. 5-10)
35Tent Camp LayoutPQS Question Explain the fundamentals of a tent camp layout in relation to the following:a. Latrines from messing facilities (p )b. Latrines from water supplies (p )c. Garbage pits from water supplies (p )d. Garbage pits from messing (p )Reference: (f, ch. 10)
36Tent Camp LayoutLatrines from messing facilities (p ) - Latrines must be 100 yards from messing facilities.Latrines from water supplies (p ) - Latrines must be 100 yards from watersuppliesGarbage pits from water supplies (p ) - Garbage pits are usually not morethan 30 yards from mess areasGarbage pits from messing (p ) - Garbage pits are not less than 100 yards from water supplies.
37Leach FieldsPQS Question : Discuss the purpose of leach fields.Reference: (ref. d, ch. 10, p )
38Leach FieldsLeach fields are an integral component of a septic tank individual sewage disposal system. Leaching fields may be referred to as a tile fields or absorption trenches. The function, testing, construction, and maintenance techniques of this component remain the same. The lines are build of 4-inch PVC perforated pipe. The conditions below are important for the proper functioning of a leaching field:Groundwater levels well below that of the leaching fieldSoil of satisfactory leaching characteristics within a few feet of the surface extending several feet below the leaching pipe.Subsurface drainage away from the fieldAdequate areaFreedom from polluting drinking water supplies, particularly from shallow wells in the vicinity.
39Camp MaintenancePQS Question :Discuss the following as it pertains to camp maintenance:a. Trouble desk (p. 6-6)b. Three types of work (p. 6-9)c. Operator inspection (p. 6-23)d. Control inspections (p. 6-22)e. Maintenance inspection (p. 6-18)Reference: (e, ch. 6)
40Camp MaintenanceTrouble Desk - The trouble desk attendant receives all customer trouble calls, enters thisinformation into the trouble desk log and fills out emergency/service authorization (ESA)forms. The attendant makes sure that ESA forms are properly routed and that outstandingESAs are completed within the required deadlines. Normally, all facility history jackets aremaintained at the trouble desk.Types of work –Emergency/service work, specific job orders, and SJOs.Operator Inspection – Operator inspections consist of examining, lubricating, and makingminor adjustments. Operator inspections of constantly attended equipment are another formof PM, but they are performed by the operator assigned to the equipment as part of theday-to-day responsibilities.
41Camp MaintenanceControl Inspection – A control inspection reviews all camp facilities to determine themaintenance required during the deployment to preserve or improve the condition ofcamp structures and property. It is the foundation of the camp maintenance program andwork load.Maintenance Inspection – The inspection branch (PM/COSAL coordinator) is responsiblefor the following specific actions:1. Inventory all camp equipment that meets the following criteria— Impairs the operational efficiency of the unit should a breakdown occur.— Presents a safety hazard in the event of breakdown or damage.— Is more cost effective to repair than replace.— Requires a long lead time to replace or procure repair parts
42Water purification PQS Question 110.13: Discuss the following: a. Potable water [ch. 2, p. 2-27]b. Chlorination [ch. 7, p. 7-6]c. Superchlorination [ch. 2, p. 2-28]Reference: (ref. d, ch. 10, p )
43Drinking waterPotable water: Water that does not contain pollution, contamination, or infective agents and is considered satisfactory for drinkingNon-Potable water: Water that may contain objectionable or infective agents and is considered unsafe and/or unpalatable for drinking
44Drinking WaterChlorination: Chlorination is the most common method of disinfecting potable water.Water from systems where sanitary, physical, operating, defects, or other special hazards are known to exist must be chlorinated to specific bacterial levels. Residual of at least 2.0 ppm.
45Drinking Water.Super Chlorination: Super Chlorination is the application of chlorine in dosages far in excess of the chlorine demand for disinfecting.Super Chlorination is accomplished by chlorinating the water in a container or distribution system to at least 100 parts per million (ppm).
46ABFC SystemPQS Question : Discuss the three parts of the Advance Base Functional Component (ABFC) system and explain their relationships:Reference: (ref. d, ch. 10, p )
47ABFC Part 1, Component Site Plan - Component is defined as a grouping of personnel and materials that has a specific function or mission at an advanced base.- Example: NMCB is a component
48ABFC Part 2, Facility Drawings - Lists and describes by assembly number that assembly requirement for each facility- Example: 250 Man Tent Camp
49ABFC Part 3, Assembly Drawing - Lists line-item requirements by nation Stock Number (NSN) for each assembly- Example: Tent 16 x 32
50ABFC ViewPQS Question : Discuss the ABFC View Program and how it facilitates contingency planning.Reference: (ref. a)
51ABFCThe ABFCview document is the electronic version of the NAVFAC P-437 Facilities Planning Guide. It identifies structures and supporting facilities of the Navy ABFC system. It was developed to make pre-engineered facility designs, material requirement, and labor requirement available to planners at all levels.